Article published in:Historical Linguistics 2013: Selected papers from the 21st International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Oslo, 5-9 August 2013
Edited by Dag T.T. Haug
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 334] 2015
► pp. 135–154
Morphological evidence for the paradigmatic status of infinitives in French and Occitan
This study examines the morphological behaviour of the infinitive in French and Occitan in diachrony, finding that the infinitive and the rest of the verb paradigm exhibit differential behaviour. The infinitive is the last member of the paradigm to undergo analogical change, or undergoes an idiosyncratic change; in cases of conjugational class shift, the infinitive is typically affected last, if at all; in paradigms presenting overabundance, overabundant forms are either confined to the infinitive, or to paradigm cells excluding the infinitive; and the availability (or otherwise) of infinitives in defective paradigms provides strong evidence for a distinction between ‘decay’ and ‘arrested development’ as subtypes of defectiveness. The study proposes that treating the infinitive as a morphologically mixed category, a member of two paradigms at once, can account both for cases in which the infinitive simultaneously displays properties of nouns and verbs, and for the idiosyncratic behaviour of the infinitive.
Keywords: infinitive, inflectional morphology, lexical relatedness, paradigm, Romance linguistics
Published online: 01 October 2015
ALLOc/ALLOr = Unpublished fieldnotes for the Atlas Linguistique du Languedoc Occidental and Oriental, Laboratoire ERSS, Université Toulouse-Le Mirail.
Bach, Xavier & Louise Esher
2013 “Je sacherais pas te dire: Erreurs et variations flexionnelles dans la structure des paradigmes verbaux français”. Variation et variabilité dans les sciences du langage: analyser, mesurer, contextualiser. Actes de la 4ème édition des JéTou, 16 et 17 mai 2013, Toulouse, France, 88–97. Toulouse: CLLE-ERSS / Octogone-Lordat / LARA-CPST.
Baerman, Matthew, Greville Corbett & Dunstan Brown
Baerman, Matthew & Greville Corbett
Base textuelle FRANTEXT
, ATILF – CNRS & Université de Lorraine. http://www.frantext.fr.
BFM = Base de Français Médiéval http://bfm.ens-lyon.fr/
Boyé, Gilles & Patricia Cabredo Hofherr
Pope, Mildred K.
Stump, Gregory & Raphael A. Finkel
2011 “Overabundance (Multiple Forms Realizing the Same Cell): A Non-canonical Phenomenon in Italian Verb Morphology”. Morphological Autonomy. Perspectives from Romance Inflectional Morphology ed. by Martin Maiden, John Charles Smith, Maria Goldbach & Marc-Olivier Hinzelin, 358–381. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cited by other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 26 october 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.