Chapter published in:
Developments in English Historical Morpho-Syntax
Edited by Claudia Claridge and Birte Bös
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 346] 2019
► pp. 129148
References

Primary Sources

Kroch, Anthony & Taylor, Ann
(2000). The Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English (PPCME2). Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania. CD-ROM, second edition, release 4. Retrieved from http://​www​.ling​.upenn​.edu​/ppche​-release​-2016​/PPCME2​-RELEASE​-4Google Scholar
Kroch, Anthony, Santorini, Beatrice & Delfs, Lauren
(2004) The Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early Modern English (PPCEME). Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania. CD-ROM, first edition, release 3. Retrieved from http://​www​.ling​.upenn​.edu​/ppche​-release​-2016​/PPCEME​-RELEASE​-3Google Scholar
MED = Kurath, Hans, Kuhn, Sherman McAllister, & Lewis, Robert E.
(Eds.) (1952–2001) Middle English Dictionary. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Retrieved from http://​quod​.lib​.umich​.edu​/m​/med/Google Scholar
OED= Oxford English Dictionary
, online edn (2016) Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://​www​.oed​.com
Taylor, Ann, Nurmi, Arja, Warner, Anthony, Pintzuk, Susan, & Nevalainen, Terttu
(2006)  The York-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early English Correspondence (PCEEC). Department of Linguistics, University of York. Oxford Text Archive, first edition. Retrieved from http://​www​-users​.york​.ac​.uk​/~lang22​/PCEEC​-manual​/index​.htmGoogle Scholar

References

Allen, Cynthia L.
(1995) Case Marking and Reanalysis: Grammatical relations from Old to early modern English. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Anderson, John M.
(1986) A Note on Old English Impersonals. Journal of Linguistics 22, 167–177.Google Scholar
Beths, Frank
(1999) The History of Dare and the Status of Unidirectionality. Linguistics 37, 1069–1110.Google Scholar
Börjars, Kersti, & Vincent, Nigel
(2011) Grammaticalization and Directionality. In Heiko Narrog, & Bernd Heine (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization (163–176). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Campbell, Alistair
(1959) Old English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Denison, David
(1993) English Historical Syntax: Verbal constructions. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Duffley, Patrick J.
(1994) Need and Dare: The Black Sheep of the Modal Family. Lingua 94, 213–243.Google Scholar
Haspelmath, Martin
(2004) On Directionality in Language Change with Particular Reference to Grammaticalization. In Olga Fischer, Muriel Norde, & Harry Perridon (Eds.), Up and Down the Cline – The Nature of Grammaticalization (17–44). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Jacobsson, Bengt
(1974) The Auxiliary Need. English Studies 55, 56–63.Google Scholar
Krug, Manfred
(2000) Emerging English Modals: A Corpus-based Study of Grammaticalization. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Loureiro-Porto, Lucía
(2009) The Semantic Predecessors of Need in the History of English (c750–1710). Oxford: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
Mitchell, Bruce
(1985) Old English Syntax (2 vols.). Oxford: Claredon Press.Google Scholar
Molencki, Rafał
(2002) The Status of Dearr and þearf in Old English. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 38, 363–379.Google Scholar
(2005) The Confusion between Tharf and Dare in Middle English. In Nikolas Ritt, & Herbert Schendl (Eds.), Rethinking Middle English: Linguistic and Literary Approaches (147–160). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Quirk, Randolph, Greenbaum, Sidney, Leech, Geoffrey, & Svartvik, Jan
(1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Schlüter, Julia
(2010) To Dare To or Not To: Is Auxiliarization Reversible? In An van Liden, Jean-Christophe Verstraete, & Kristin Davidse (Eds.), Formal Evidence in Grammaticalization Research (289–325). Amsterdam: Benjamins.Google Scholar
Taeymans, Martine
(2006) An Investigation into the Emergence and Development of the Verb Need from Old to Present-Day English: A Corpus-Based Approach. Ph.D. dissertation, Universiteit Antwerpen.Google Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
(1992) Syntax. In Richard M. Hogg (Ed.), The Cambridge history of the English language, Vol. I: The Beginnings to 1066 (168–289). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(2001) Legitimate Counterexamples to Unidirectionality. Paper presented at the University of Freiburg, 17 October 2001. Retrieved from http://​www​.stanford​.edu​/~traugott​/papers​/FreiburgUnidirect​.pdfGoogle Scholar
Visser, F. Thomas
(1963-1973) An Historical Syntax of the English Language, Vol. I-III. Leiden: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar
Warner, Anthony R.
(1993) English Auxiliaries: Structure and history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar