A linguistic and interdisciplinary approach to interactive speech and sounds
This is the first interdisciplinary book-length treatment of paralanguage, briefly defined as: nonverbal vocal or narial communication. After sensitizing the reader to our sound-generating movements and to all human external and environmental sounds for their unquestionable communicative qualities, it realistically combines an anatomical-physiological auditory approach to voice production (identifying many neglected articulations) with the analysis of its visual manifestations as the triple reality of speech: language-paralanguage-kinesics. The primary qualities of speech (loudness, pitch etc.) are extensively discussed, as are the many voice qualities. The longest chapter in the book deals with paralinguistic differentiators: laughter, crying, sighing, yawning, coughing, sneezing etc. Finally the author presents a model for analyzing paralinguistic alternants, word-like independent constructs (such as Pooh, Aah and Brrr). Throughout the discussion of these paralinguistic phenomena, extensive attention is given to cultural, social and psychological aspects. This first, ground-breaking interdisciplinary work on paralanguage will serve as a source of data and a theoretical/methodological model for phoneticians, linguists, anthropologists, sociologists, psychologists, speech therapists etc.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 92] 1993. xii, 478 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins Publishing Company
Table of Contents
Preface & Acknowledgements | p. xiii
Introduction | p. 1
1. From Movement to Sound: The Sign-Emitting Activities and Nonactivities of the Human Body as a Communicator | p. 13
2. The Anatomy and Physiology of Vocal-Narial Sound Production: An Audible-Visual Approach to Language and Paralanguage | p. 45
3. Language-Paralanguage-Kinesics: The Basic Triple Structure of Communication in Face-To-Face Interaction | p. 121
4. Primary Qualities: The Speaker-Identifying Paralinguistic Features | p. 175
5. Qualifiers: The Many Voices of Interaction | p. 199
6. Differentiators: The Eloquence of Emotional and Physiological Reactions | p. 245
7. Alternants: The Vocabulary Beyond the Dictionary | p. 379
Conclusion | p. 451
List of Illustrations | p. 467
Name Index | p. 469
Subject Index | p. 473
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