Creole Formation as Language Contact
The case of the Suriname Creoles
Bettina Migge | University of Frankfurt am Main
The research on the formation of (radical) creoles has seen an unprecedented intensification and diversification in the last 20 years. This book discusses, illustrates, and evaluates current research on creole formation based on an in-depth investigation of the processes and mechanisms that contributed to the emergence of the morphosyntactic system of the creoles of Suriname. The study draws on a rich corpus of a) natural conversational and elicited synchronic linguistic data from the Eastern Maroon Creole (EMC) and its main African substrate language, Gbe, b) published diachronic data from the EMC’s sister-language Sranan Tongo, and c) information on the early history of Suriname coming from socio-historical investigations. It suggests that mechanisms of deliberate and contact-induced change also involved in borrowing and particularly shift situations led to the initial formation of the creoles of Suriname while language-internal change played a role in their subsequent development.
[Creole Language Library, 25] 2003. xii, 151 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins Publishing Company
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements | p. ix
List of Abbreviations | p. xi
1. Introduction | pp. 1–8
2. Current research on creole formation | pp. 9–26
3. The context of creole formation in Suriname | pp. 27–35
4. The European input | pp. 37–52
5. The African input: lexical retention | pp. 53–78
6. The African input: structural retention | pp. 79–106
7. Language-internal change | pp. 107–120
8. Conclusion and implications | pp. 121–129
Notes | pp. 130–134
Index of subjects | p. 147
Index of names | pp. 148–149
“What makes this so useful to the task is the clarity of presentation, the soundness of its argumentation, and the fullness of its documentation.”
G. Tucker Childs, Portland State University, in Language 82(3), 2006
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Main BIC Subject
CFF: Historical & comparative linguistics
Main BISAC Subject
LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General