The Speech of the Negros Congos in Panama

ISBN 9789027252241 (Eur) | EUR 105.00
ISBN 9781556190490 (USA) | USD 158.00
ISBN 9789027278500 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
The negros congos of Panama's Caribbean coast are a unique cultural manifestation of Afro-Hispanic contact. During Carnival season each year, this group reenacts dramatic events which affected black slaves in colonial Panama, performs dances and pantomimes, and enforces a set of ritual laws' and punishments'. A key component of congo games is a special dialect, the hablar en congos, which is employed by a subset of the congos in each settlement. The present study investigates the congo dialect from a linguistic point of view along two dimensions. The first involves deliberate phonetic, syntactic, and semantic distortion as part of the overall spirit of of burlesque and ridicule that surrounds Panamanian Carnival. The second is the retention of earlier, partially creolized Afro-Hispanic language forms which may still be extracted from contemporary congo speech. These Afro-Hispanic vestiges are of key importance to monogenetic theories of Afro-Romance creolization as Panamanian congo speech provides examples of unique creolized Spanish.
[Creole Language Library, 4]  1989.  vii, 159 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Cited by

Cited by 14 other publications

No author info given
2015.  In Afro-Peruvian Spanish [Creole Language Library, 51], Crossref logo
No author info given
2022.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Contact,  pp. 425 ff. Crossref logo
Campbell, Lyle
1991. Review of Lipski (1990): The Language of the Islenos: Vestigial Spanish in Louisiana. Diachronica 8:2  pp. 277 ff. Crossref logo
2008. A Creole origin for Barlovento Spanish? A linguistic and sociohistorical inquiry. Language in Society 37:3  pp. 351 ff. Crossref logo
Eloranta, Rita & Angela Bartens
2020.  In Variation and Evolution [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 29],  pp. 254 ff. Crossref logo
Kouwenberg, Silvia
2000. Review of “The art of remembering: The Lumbalú of Palenque and the genesis of Palenquero, a review of “Chi ma n kongo”: Lengua y rito ancestrales en El Palenque de San Basilio” by Armin Schwegler. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 15:1  pp. 229 ff. Crossref logo
Lipski, John M.
2005.  In A History of Afro-Hispanic Language, Crossref logo
Lipski, John M.
2014.  In Portuguese-Spanish Interfaces [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 1],  pp. 359 ff. Crossref logo
Lipski, John M.
2021.  In Spanish Socio-Historical Linguistics [Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, 12],  pp. 142 ff. Crossref logo
Lipski, John M.
2022.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Contact,  pp. 427 ff. Crossref logo
McWhorter, John H.
1995. The scarcity of Spanish-based creoles explained. Language in Society 24:2  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2017. Chocó Spanish and the Missing Spanish Creole debate. Language Ecology 1:2  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2019.  In Language Contact and the Making of an Afro-Hispanic Vernacular, Crossref logo
Álvarez López, Laura & Anna Jon-and
2021. Afro-Brazilian Cupópia. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages  pp. 75 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 july 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  88007617 | Marc record