The Speech of the Negros Congos in Panama

ISBN 9789027252241 (Eur) | EUR 105.00
ISBN 9781556190490 (USA) | USD 158.00
ISBN 9789027278500 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
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The negros congos of Panama's Caribbean coast are a unique cultural manifestation of Afro-Hispanic contact. During Carnival season each year, this group reenacts dramatic events which affected black slaves in colonial Panama, performs dances and pantomimes, and enforces a set of ritual laws' and punishments'. A key component of congo games is a special dialect, the hablar en congos, which is employed by a subset of the congos in each settlement. The present study investigates the congo dialect from a linguistic point of view along two dimensions. The first involves deliberate phonetic, syntactic, and semantic distortion as part of the overall spirit of of burlesque and ridicule that surrounds Panamanian Carnival. The second is the retention of earlier, partially creolized Afro-Hispanic language forms which may still be extracted from contemporary congo speech. These Afro-Hispanic vestiges are of key importance to monogenetic theories of Afro-Romance creolization as Panamanian congo speech provides examples of unique creolized Spanish.
[Creole Language Library, 4] 1989.  vii, 159 pp.
Publishing status: Available
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Cited by

Cited by 16 other publications

Campbell, Lyle
2008. A Creole origin for Barlovento Spanish? A linguistic and sociohistorical inquiry. Language in Society 37:3  pp. 351 ff. DOI logo
Eloranta, Rita & Angela Bartens
Lipski, John
2022. La historia (socio)lingüística del habla "congo" afropanameña: una primera aproximación. Revista de Historia de la Lengua Española :17  pp. 145 ff. DOI logo
Lipski, John M.
2005. A History of Afro-Hispanic Language, DOI logo
Lipski, John M.
2021. Searching for the sociolinguistic history of Afro-Panamanian Congo speech. In Spanish Socio-Historical Linguistics [Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, 12],  pp. 142 ff. DOI logo
Lipski, John M.
2022. The Emergence andEvolution of Romance Languages in Europe and the Americas. In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Contact,  pp. 427 ff. DOI logo
McWhorter, John H.
1995. The scarcity of Spanish-based creoles explained. Language in Society 24:2  pp. 213 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2017. Chocó Spanish and the Missing Spanish Creole debate. Language Ecology 1:2  pp. 213 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2019. Language Contact and the Making of an Afro-Hispanic Vernacular, DOI logo
Álvarez López, Laura & Anna Jon-and
2021. Afro-Brazilian Cupópia. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages  pp. 75 ff. DOI logo
Álvarez Muro, Alexandra
[no author supplied]
[no author supplied]
2022. Emergence and Spread of Some European Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Contact,  pp. 425 ff. DOI logo

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Main BIC Subject

CF: Linguistics

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  88007617 | Marc record