Afro-Peruvian Spanish

Spanish slavery and the legacy of Spanish Creoles

| University of Texas, Austin
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The present work not only contributes to shedding light on the linguistic and socio-historical origins of Afro-Peruvian Spanish, it also helps clarify the controversial puzzle concerning the genesis of Spanish creoles in the Americas in a broader sense. In order to provide a more concrete answer to the questions raised by McWhorter’s book on The Missing Spanish Creoles, the current study has focused on an aspect of the European colonial enterprise in the Americas that has never been closely analyzed in relation to the evolution of Afro-European contact varieties, the legal regulations of black slavery. This book proposes the 'Legal Hypothesis of Creole Genesis', which ascribes a prime importance in the development of Afro-European languages in the Americas to the historical evolution of slavery, from the legal rules contained in the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis to the codes and regulations implemented in the different European colonies overseas. This research was carried out with the belief that creole studies will benefit greatly from a more interdisciplinary approach, capable of combining linguistic, socio-historical, legal, and anthropological insights. This study is meant to represent an eclectic step in such a direction.

As of February 2020, this e-book is Open Access CC BY-NC-ND, thanks to the support of libraries working with Knowledge Unlatched.

[Creole Language Library, 51]  2015.  xvi, 184 pp.
Publishing status: Available

For any use beyond this license, please contact the publisher at rights@benjamins.nl.

Table of Contents
List of figures
xi
List of tables
xiii
Acknowledgements
xv–xvi
Chapter 1. Introduction
1–3
Chapter 2. The Spanish creole debate
5–22
Chapter 3. A description of Afro-Peruvian Spanish grammar
23–61
Chapter 4. The status of Afro-Peruvian Spanish
63–78
Chapter 5. Black slavery in Peru
79–116
Chapter 6. Solving the Spanish creole puzzle: The legal hypothesis of creole genesis
117–157
Chapter 7. Concluding remarks
159–161
References
163–175
Index
177–184
“This piece of work includes one of the few available studies of Afro-Peruvian Spanish varieties. Its distinguishing attribute is that it provides both qualitative and quantitative analyses of linguistic data, collected during fieldwork in the province of Chincha, as well as a thorough socio-historical study based on secondary historical sources. The detailed demographical and historical facts presented are used to challenge earlier assumptions about colonial coastal Peru as an ideal setting for the development of a creole language that would be the origin of Afro-Hispanic varieties. Instead of assuming that Afro-Peruvian Spanish has gone through a process of decreolization, the author argues that it is an “advanced conventionalized second language”. Moreover, the analysis provides relevant information to shed light on the debate about the scarcity of Spanish related creoles and on the genesis and evolution of Afro-Hispanic varieties in Latin America. The author claims that the socio-historical conditions in Spanish colonies diverged from other European powers since Spaniards did not trade enslaved Africans themselves and had a quite different set of legal regulations of slavery.”
“Sessarego’s work offers an important contribution to the documentation and description of the Afro-Hispanic varieties and can be recommended to students and expert scholars alike. It is especially strong in the inclusion of socio-historical information in the explanations of the formation and development of these varieties. The case of Afro-Peruvian Spanish also has a wider theoretical importance, as it demonstrates the value of an interdisciplinary approach to creole studies. Sessarego puts this into practice in his own work. The author also shows that a new socio-historical hypothesis or explanation does not necessarily have to exclude previous proposals, but can contribute to a common cause of trying to unravel the questions about the origins and development of creoles.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF/2ZP – Linguistics/Pidgins & Creoles
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2015029384