Chapter 13“Keeping up with the times”
Nüxing, funü and the affective value of the formulated text
Formulations (Schoenhals 1992; Hershatter 1997) are fixed ways of distributing political norms in Chinese politics. This paper reads re-formulations on the two pivotal categories of women – nüxing (woman-sex) in the republican era and funü (wife-woman) in the revolutionary era – and the propaganda of “keeping up with the times” (“与时俱进”) in the post-Mao People’s Daily. It argues that these categories’ embodied historical affects produce new affective values in the post-Mao public discourse, thus attaching women to the nation in specific ways; these values are used by the state to mediate the tensions between different female social groups in China’s rapidly-changing society and its self-positioning in the global context.
- Categories of women and the affective value of formulated texts
- Formulation: Doing things with words in Chinese politics
- Nüxing and Funü: Women, nation and the affective value of text
- Reading formulations in People’s Daily
Funü, Nüxing and “Keeping up with the Times”
- Formulating “Keeping up with the Times”: The times as affective object
- Women and the spirit of the times
- Women and education/ “Jiaoyu”
The problem of funü’s education, nüxing’s education and nüxing jiaoyu
- Nüxing jiaoyu in the market economy
- Nüxing jiaoyu as a historical discourse
Why not funü jiaoyu?
Funü, nüxing and the suzhi discourse
What is quality (“suzhi”)?
- Suzhi, funü and new nüxing
- Conclusion: Time, women and the affective value of the formulated text