Kuku Thaypan (Awu Alaya) is closely related to other languages of its area and in turn appears to belong in a distinct subgroup, Alaya-Athima, with languages of territories stretching down the Mitchell River almost to the Gulf of Carpentaria. All are initial-dropping languages but are not closely related to other initial-dropping languages of the area. Between Alaya-Athima languages and initial-dropping languages to their west and north there has been extensive diffusion of vocabulary, raising interesting and difficult problems for historical study. Additionally, on grounds of shared morphology, there appears to be a distant genetic connection of Thaypanic to Kuku Yalanji and other non-initial-dropping languages of the east coast of Cape York Peninsula. The evidence is mostly from noun morphology and is backed by extremely little in the way of lexical sharing.
2013‘Wommera’—The technology and terminology of the multipurpose spearthrower in Australia. Draft, Version 7.
1972On the genetic subgrouping of the languages of Southwestern Cape York Peninsula, Australia. Oceanic Linguistics 11: 67–87.
1976Some linguistic innovations in Cape York and their sociocultural correlates. In Peter Sutton, ed. Languages of Cape York. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 84–101.
1990Some ProtoPamaNyungan paradigms: A verb in the hand is worth two in the phylum. In Geoffrey O’Grady & Darrell Tryon, eds. Studies in Comparative Pama-Nyungan. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 155–171.
2000Athima. Commentary and keyed-in wordlist from Gerhardt Laves’ (1930) notes from Jack Munsell. [URL]
1999Lexical replacement and cognate equilibrium in Australia. Australian Journal of Linguistics 19: 5–56.
1886 “Near the Head of the Walsh River”. No. 114 in Curr, 410–411.
Black, Paul & Rolly Gilbert
1996 draft. Kurtjar Dictionary. Word file, reproduced at the Faculty of Education, Northen Territory University, Darwin.
2001Where have all the onsets gone. In Jane Simpson, David Nash, Mary Laughren, Peter Austin & Barry Alpher, eds. Forty Years On: Ken Hale and Australian Languages. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 481–492.
2004Evolutionary Phonology: The Emergence of Sound Patterns. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bowern, Claire & Quentin Atkinson
2012Computational phylogenetics and the internal structure of Pama-Nyungan. Language 88: 817–845.
1972aKokiny field notes and tape. [Material from Michael Richards.] Copy held at AIATSIS library; AIATSIS Archive Tape A2547.
1972bGog Nar transcriptions from tapes 228–238. From Mick Richards and Saltwater Jack. AIAS MS 828 and pers. comm.
1973Bidyara and Gungabula Grammar and Vocabulary (Linguistic Communications 8). Melbourne: Monash University.
1976An introduction to Gog-Nar. In Peter Sutton, ed. Languages of Cape York. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 243–259.
“Bulletta” 1897 and 1899 “Ooeelkulla”, wordlists in The Queenslander, Vol. 50 p154 (28 January 1899), Vol. 50 p731 (22 April 1899), and Vol. 51 p165 (22 July 1899), with notes in Vol. 46 p183 (23 January 1897).
1886The Australian Race: The Origins, Languages, Customs, Place of Landing in Australia, and the Routes by Which It Spread Itself over That Continent. Melbourne: J. Ferres, Government Printer.
1968Koko-Mini (Palmer River; language name also given as Ewinderrngunv) recorded at Wrotham Park from Mary Grunydji [Karanji]. Tapes (AIATSIS) Y39-2: 000-064, Y40-1: 092-290; material cited here is from Dixon’s partial transcription.
1977A Grammar of Yidiny. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1991Mbabaram. In R.M.W. Dixon & Barry Blake, eds. Handbook of Australian Languages. Volume 4. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. 348–402.
2002Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1979Guugu Yimidhirr. In R.M.W. Dixon & Barry Blake, eds. Handbook of Australian Languages. Volume 1. Canberra: Australian National University Press. 26–180.
1964Case marking affixes in Gugu-Yalanji. In Richard Pittman & Harland Kerr, eds. Papers on the Languages of the Australian Aborigines. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 73–90.
Hershberger, Henry & Ruth Hershberger
1986Kuku-Yalanji Dictionary. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics, Australian Aborigines Branch.
1989Aghu Tharrnggala: A Language of the Princess Charlotte Bay Area of Cape York Peninsula. BA (Hons) thesis, University of Queensland.
1930Athima field notes. Copy held in AIATSIS library.
McEntee, John & Pearl McKenzie
1992Adnya-math-nha English dictionary. Adelaide: The Authors.
1882Sketch map showing Aboriginal territories in southern Cape York Peninsula.
1884Notes on some Australian tribes. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 13: 276–235.
1886Akoonkoon, Palmer River. In Edward Curr. The Australian Race: The Origins, Languages, Customs, Place of Landing in Australia, and the Routes by Which It Spread Itself over That Continent. Melbourne: J. Ferres, Government Printer. 396–399.
1991Djabugay. In R.M.W. Dixon & Barry Blake, eds. Handbook of Australian Languages. Volume 4. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. 244–347.
2002A Grammar of the Kuku Yalanji Language of North Queensland. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
1972Gugu Wara. [Notes from speaker Bobby Kenny, 28 July 1972.]
1976Kuku Thaypan descriptive and historical phonology. In Peter Sutton, ed. Languages of Cape York. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 68–77.
1998Indigenous tribal groups and languages along the Coen-Chillagoe leg of the Chevron gas pipeline project. Unpublished MS.
2005The languages of Eastern Cape York Peninsula and linguistic anthropology. In Bruce Rigsby & Nicolas Peterson, eds. Donald Thomson, The Man and Scholar. Canberra: Academy of Social Sciences. 129–142.
2012aKuku Thaypan / Awu Alaya. Draft of grammar.
2012bPalmer Claim, draft report.
Roth, Walter Edmund
1899aAn account of the Koko-minni Aboriginals occupying the country drained by the (middle) Palmer River (Report to the Commissioner of Police, Queensland). MS. Cooktown, 12 May 1899.
Roth, Walter Edmund
1899bKokowara, as spoken on the lower Normanby River (Report to the Commissioner of Police, Queensland). Cooktown.
Roth, Walter Edmund
1907-1910The Queensland Aborigines, Vol. III (Bulletins 9–18, North Queensland Ethnography, Records of the Australian Museum, Sydney; Aboriginal Studies Series No. 4). Facsimile edition 1984, Carlisle: Hesperian Press.
1935Field notebook (including genealogical) on Takalak. Unpublished. Pages 130–134.
Simpson, Jane & Luise Hercus
2004Thura-Yura as a subgroup. In Claire Bowern & Harold Koch, eds. Australian Languages. Classification and the Comparative Method. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 179–206.
1969Kunjen Phonology: Synchronic and Diachronic. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
1972Notes on Sugarbag Bee A from Caesar Lee Cheu. Fryer Library, University of Queensland.
1976aW.E Roth’s peninsular vocabularies. In Peter Sutton, ed. Languages of Cape York. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 127–136.
1976bAgent and instrument in Central Cape York Peninsula. In Peter Sutton, ed. Languages of Cape York. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 144–150.
1976cUmbuygamu: The classification of a Cape York Peninsular language. In Jean Kirtonet al., eds. Papers in Australian Linguistics No. 10. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 13–31.
1997aOgh Unyjan. Booklet. [Material from Lucy Tommy, Tommy Little, Doris Lawrence, and Kathleen Major]. Townsville: Ethnografix.
1997bKoko Dhawa. Booklet. [Material from Lucy Tommy and Doris Lawrence.] Townsville: Ethnografix.
1999aIkarranggal. Booklet. [Material from Caesar Lee Cheu.] Townsville: Ethnografix.
1999bKoko Warra. Booklet. [Material from Frank Salt.] Townsville: Ethnografix.
2006Speaking Kunjen: An Ethnography of Oykangand Kinship and Communication. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
1973Gugu-Badhun and its Neighbours: A Linguistic Salvage Study. MA thesis, Macquarie University.
1975aKuku-Wura (or Kuku-Wara; “both forms with glide ‘r’”). [Material from Hector Wallace.]
1975b (1990 typescript). Uuku: The Flinders Island Language. Unpublished.
1976The diversity of initial dropping languages in southern Cape York. In Peter Sutton, ed. Languages of Cape York. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.102–125.
1938Tagalag wordlist (photocopy of manuscript).
2011A Grammar of Warrongo. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
2005Umbuygamu wordlist. Text file, pers. comm..
West, La Mont
1965Ogh Anggula and Ogh Alungul material recorded from Jack Burton, 9–10 March 1965. AIATSIS tape A 1447. [partial transcription by Barry Alpher, 2012]
Cited by 4 other publications
2022. Aboriginal rock art of the Laura valleys: One landscape, many Stories. In Histories of Australian Rock Art Research, ► pp. 257 ff.
2018. Lamalamic Root Structure: Erosion and Expansion. Australian Journal of Linguistics 38:3 ► pp. 360 ff.
2019. Umbuygamu. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 49:2 ► pp. 245 ff.
2019. Mbarrumbathama (Lamalama). Journal of the International Phonetic Association 49:2 ► pp. 265 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 13 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.