Article published in:Transforming National Holidays: Identity discourse in the West and South Slavic countries, 1985-2010
Edited by Ljiljana Šarić, Karen Gammelgaard and Kjetil Rå Hauge
[Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture 47] 2012
► pp. 149–169
Chapter 6. Contested pasts, contested red-letter days
Antifascist commemorations and ethnic identities in post-communist Croatia
Commemorations (and counter-commemorations) of the World War Two antifascist resistance movement in Croatia continue to be a source of debates over both political and ethnic identities. This chapter examines the transformation of several red-letter days in Croatia during the post-communist transition, in particular focusing on the content of the speeches given at commemorations. The new official Antifascist Struggle Day (22 June) replaced the former Uprising Day (27 July) after 1990, essentially erasing the latter from Croatia’s commemorative culture because it was considered to be too “Serbian.” The debate over these World War II commemorations, and their significance in contemporary political and ethnic identity construction will be examined by analyzing the discourse of political speeches delivered at the commemorations, the polemics present in a broad spectrum of the Croatian press, and field research (including interviews) conducted at the actual sites of memory.
Keywords: commemorations, commemorative speeches, Croatia, culture of memory, World War II
Published online: 19 December 2012
Cited by 3 other publications
Berrocal, Martina & Aleksandra Salamurović
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