In this article, we present additional support of Duffield’s (2003, 2005) distinction between Underlying Competence and Surface Competence. Duffield argues that a more fine-grained distinction between levels of competence and performance is warranted and necessary. While underlying competence is categorical, surface competence is more probabilistic and gradient, being sensitive to lexical and constructional contingencies, including the contextual appropriateness of a given construction. We examine a subset of results from a study comparing native and learner competence of properties at the syntax-discourse interface. Specifically, we look at the acceptability of Clitic Right Dislocation in native and L2 Spanish, in discourse-appropriate context. We argue that Duffield’s distinction is a possible explanation of our results.
2019. Evaluating Measures of Pausing for Second Language Fluency Research. The Canadian Modern Language Review 75:3 ► pp. 216 ff.
2015. The effect of construction frequency and native transfer on second language knowledge of the syntax–discourse interface. Applied Psycholinguistics 36:3 ► pp. 671 ff.
Slabakova, Roumyana, Paula Kempchinsky & Jason Rothman
2012. Clitic-doubled left dislocation and focus fronting in L2 Spanish: A case of successful acquisition at the syntax–discourse interface. Second Language Research 28:3 ► pp. 319 ff.
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