This paper investigates whether colloquialisation – a stylistic shift by which written genres come to be more similar to spoken genres – has played a role in the endonormativisation of the grammar of Australian English, a variety which has long been noted for its penchant for colloquialism. The study tracks changes in grammatical colloquialism from the early 20th century against the historical backdrop of the progressive decline in Britishness in Australia and the pervasive effects of “Americanisation”. The data are derived from a suite of parallel Brown-family corpora representing British, American, and Australian English of the 1930s, 1960s, 1990s and 2006. Multivariate techniques are used to delimit 26 “colloquial” and “anti-colloquial” grammatical features from a set of 83 potentially relevant features, and to examine changes in their frequencies between 1931 and 2006, in the three varieties, and across the three major genres of fiction, learned writing and press reportage.
1959The Drum: Australian Character and Slang. Sydney: Currawong.
1988Variation across Speech and Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2003 “Compressed Noun Phrases in Newspaper Discourse: The Competing Demands of Popularization vs. Economy”. In Jean Aitchison, and Diana Lewis, eds. New Media Language. London: Routledge, 169–181.
Biber, Douglas, and Edward Finegan
1997 “Diachronic Relations among Speech-Based and Written Registers in English”. In Terttu Nevalainen, and Leena Kahlas-Tarkka, eds. To Explain the Present: Studies in the Changing English Language in Honour of Matti Rissanen. Helsinki: Société Neophilologique, 253–275.
Biber, Douglas, and Susan Conrad
2009Register, Genre and Style. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Biber, Douglas, and Bethany Gray
2016Grammatical Complexity in Academic English: Linguistic Change in Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Biber, Douglas, Stig Johansson, Geoffrey Leech, Susan Conrad, and Edward Finegan
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.
1993 “Australian English and Australian National Identity”. In Gerhard Schultz, ed. The Languages of Australia. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities, 62–70.
2001Language and the Internet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2004The Power of Speech: Australian Prime Ministers Defining the National Image. Carlton: Melbourne University Press.
Hackert, Stephanie, and Dagmar Deuber
2015 “American Influence on Written Caribeanbean English: A Diachronic Analysis of Newspaper Reportage in the Bahamas and in Trinidad and Tobago”. In Peter Collins, ed. Grammatical Change in English World-Wide. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 389–410.
1980The Australian Slanguage. Sydney: Methuen Australia.
2013 “The Diversification of English: Old, New, and Emerging Epicentres”. In Daniel Schreier, and Marianne Hundt, eds. English as a Contact Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 182–203.
2012 “Differential Change in British and American English: Comparing Pre- and Post-War Data”. In Sebastian Hoffmann, Paul Rayson, and Geoffrey Leech, eds. English Corpus Linguistics: Looking back, Moving forward. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 79–101.
Hundt, Marianne, and Geoffrey Leech
2012 “Small is Beautiful: On the Value of Standard Reference Corpora for Observing Recent Grammatical Change”. In Terttu Nevalainen, and Elizabeth Traugott, eds. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 175–188.
Hundt, Marianne, Gerold Schneider, and Elena Seoane
2016 “The Use of the be-Passive in Academic Englishes: Local vs Global Usage in an International Language”. Corpora 111: 31–63. [10.3366/corp.2016.0084]
Leech, Geoffrey, Marianne Hundt, Christian Mair, and Nicholas Smith
2009Change in Contemporary English: A Grammatical Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leech, Geoffrey, and Nicholas Smith
2009 “Change and Constancy in Linguistic Change: How Grammatical Usage in Written English Evolved in the Period 1931–1991”. In Antoinette Renouf, and Andrew Kehoe, eds. Corpus Linguistics: Refinements and Reassessments. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 173–200.
2009Twentieth-Century English: History, Variation and Standardization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mair, Christian, and Marianne Hundt
1995 “Why is the Progressive Becoming more Frequent in English? A Corpus-Based Investigation of Language Change in Progress”. Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik 431: 111–122
2020. Linguistic Colloquialisation, Democratisation and Gender in Asian Englishes. In Gender in World Englishes, ► pp. 176 ff.
Yao, Xinyue & Peter Collins
2019. Developments in Australian, British, and American English Grammar from 1931 to 2006: An Aggregate, Comparative Approach to Dialectal Variation and Change. Journal of English Linguistics 47:2 ► pp. 120 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 24 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.