Vol. 32:3 (2011) ► pp.257–279
Right dislocation in Northern England
Frequency and use — perception meets reality
The process of right dislocation (RD) has long been recognized in English as a primarily vernacular feature available to speakers of all varieties, but concrete sociolinguistic discussion about its frequency of occurrence and which factors constrain its use are rare. Moreover, English has variants which repeat the operator either before or after the dislocated noun phrase (NP) or pronominal particle, e.g. She’s got a very good degree has Julie, which makes it unlike most of the languages with comparable RD forms. These variants are either ignored completely in RD literature or considered on their own. The present analysis aims, therefore, to provide a holistic view of RD strategies. Starting with a classification of the various RD strategies used in the North of England, where this variant is most often reported to be found, this paper will present a quantitative analysis of RD in a corpus of York speech. The analysis will demonstrate that, while RD forms are used by York speakers (young and old, male and female), with respect to overall frequency RD is in fact far more rare than reports make it out to be, and that its social distribution is rather unexpected in some respects.
Cited by 6 other publications
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