Cleft constructions in Hong Kong English
Existing second language acquisition research converges on a picture where learners of English exhibit marked divergence from native speakers in their use of information-packaging constructions, even at advanced stages of acquisition. This study extends the investigation of these constructions to an emerging institutionalised second language variety, Hong Kong English. Based on the Hong Kong and British components of the International Corpus of English, the study examines the formal and functional properties of it-clefts and wh-clefts, revealing regional variation in a number of areas, particularly in the use of that’s why constructions. Importantly, the grammar of the contact variety is found to be shaped by the transfer of gradient grammatical rules from the substrate language, and by stratification along stylistic parameters.
Keywords: British English, variation, register, it-cleft; wh-cleft, Hong Kong English
Published online: 30 June 2016
Biber, Douglas, Stig Johansson, Geoffrey Leech, Susan Conrad, and Edward Finegan
Bolton, Kingsley, and Shirley Geok-lin Lim
Boström Aronsson, Mia
2005 “Themes in Swedish Advanced Learners’ Written English”. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Gothenburg.
Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
2012 “Population Aged 5 and Over by Duration of Residence in Hong Kong, Ethnicity and Usual Language”. http://www.census2011.gov.hk/en/main-table/A124.html (accessed January 30, 2015)
Census and Statistics Department
2014 “Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics. June 2014 Feature Article. Use of Language in Hong Kong in 2012”. http://www.statistics.gov.hk/pub/B71406FB2014XXXXB0100.pdf (accessed January 30, 2015)
Chafe, Wallace L.
Chan, Alice Y.W.
Cheng, Lisa Lai-shen
Cheng, Winnie, Chris Greaves, and Martin Warren
Deroey, Katrien L.B.
Deshors, Sandra C.
Deterding, David, Jennie Wong, and Andy Kirkpatrick
Gazdar, Gerald, Ewan Klein, Geoffrey K. Pullum, and Ivan A. Sag
Gómez-González, María A.
Götz, Sandra, and Marco Schilk
2011 “Formulaic Sequences in Spoken ENL, ESL and EFL: Focus on British English, Indian English and Learner English of Advanced German Learners”. In Joybrato Mukherjee, and Marianne Hundt, eds. Exploring Second-Language Varieties of English and Learner Englishes: Bridging a Paradigm Gap. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 79–100.
Gundel, Jeanette K., Nancy Hedberg, and Ron Zacharski
Haegeman, Liliane, André Meinunger, and Aleksandra Vercauteren
Halliday, Michael Alexander Kirkwood
Hedberg, Nancy, and Lorna Fadden
Hopper, Paul J., and Elizabeth Closs Traugott
Huang, James C.-T.
Li, David C.S.
Li, Charles N., and Sandra A. Thompson
Luke, Kang Kwong, and Jack C. Richards
Matthews, Stephen, and Virginia Yip
Mukherjee, Joybrato, and Stefan Th. Gries
Oberlander Jon, and Judy Delin
Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik
Rowley-Jolivet, Elizabeth, and Shirley Carter-Thomas
Schneider, Edgar W.
Sharwood Smith, Michael
Sorace, Antonella, and Ludovica Serratrice
Tsimpli, Ianthi Maria, and Antonella Sorace
Wang, Lifei, and Gong Chen
Ward, Gregory, Betty Birner, and Rodney Huddleston
Yip, Virginia, and Stephen Matthews
2012 “The Structure and Function of the Chinese Copular Construction”. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University.
Cited by other publications
No author info given
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 october 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.