Negative structures are a characteristic of all human languages. One such structure is ‘node’ and ‘scope’ of negation. In an utterance, the node is the location of a negative form, and the scope is the stretch of language to which the negation applies. In this paper, I examine a gesture that English speakers perform when they negate and show how speakers organize the different phases of gestural action in relation to the negative structures in speech. In this gesture, speakers first bring one hand across their body (preparation phase). Then, with the palm turned down, they move their hand rapidly along the horizontal axis (stroke phase). Often, they hold their hand in space for a short period after the stroke (post-stroke hold phase), before returning it to rest (recovery phase). In several negative utterances, drawn from a corpus of audiovisual recordings of conversations in everyday settings, speakers prepared this gesture in advance of the node of negation, synchronized the stroke of the gesture with the node, and performed a post-stroke hold throughout the scope. I suggest that the grammatical concepts of node and scope can also account for the way speakers gesture when they negate. This study refines understanding of how gesture phrase structure functions and suggests a multimodal view of grammatical phenomena.
2016. Morphosyntactic Correlates of Gestures: A Gesture Associated with Negation in French and Its Organisation with Speech. In Negation and Polarity: Experimental Perspectives [Language, Cognition, and Mind, 1], ► pp. 75 ff.
2022. Visual bodily signals as core devices for coordinating minds in interaction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 377:1859
2018. A corpus-based study of the role of headshaking in negation in Auslan (Australian Sign Language): Implications for signed language typology. Linguistic Typology 22:2 ► pp. 185 ff.
2023. Pina Boggi Cavallo and My “Southern Italian Gesture Project”. In Humanity in Psychology [Theory and History in the Human and Social Sciences, ], ► pp. 189 ff.
2022. The Interaction Space. In Digital Human Modeling and Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management. Anthropometry, Human Behavior, and Communication [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 13319], ► pp. 243 ff.
Li, Feifei, Joan Borràs-Comes & M. Teresa Espinal
2019. Mismatches in the interpretation of fragment negative expressions in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Pragmatics 152 ► pp. 28 ff.
2018. Disagreeing without a ‘no’: How teachers indicate disagreement in a Hong Kong classroom. Journal of Pragmatics 137 ► pp. 1 ff.
2018. Can gestures help clarify the meaning of the Spanish marker ‘se’?. Lingua 208 ► pp. 1 ff.
Manero, Elvira, Laura Amigot & Inés Olza
2023. Fraseología del desacuerdo en un corpus multimodal de televisión: un estudio multinivel. Círculo de Lingüística Aplicada a la Comunicación 95 ► pp. 163 ff.
2018. Indicating verbs as typologically unique constructions: Reconsidering verb ‘agreement’ in sign languages. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 3:1
2017. Nonmanual downtoning in German co-speech gesture and in German Sign Language. Yearbook of the German Cognitive Linguistics Association 5:1
2017. Multimodal Construction Grammar issues are Construction Grammar issues. Linguistics Vanguard 3:s1
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 25 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
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