Gestural phrases and gestural exchanges by a pair of zoo-living lowland gorillas
Previous study of the spontaneous gestural communication of the great apes has been primarily of individual gestures and their sequels. Such analysis gives only a partial picture of the quality of gorilla interaction. The repertoire of gestures of a pair of gorillas at San Francisco Zoo have been described by Tanner and Byrne (1993, 1996, 1999). These gorillas often used gestures in continuous sequences or phrases. Both single gestures and phrases were used in exchanges between gorillas. Phrases included a variety of syntactic functions, and exchanges seemed to negotiate matters such as location, initiator, and type of play. Both single gestures and phrases could be modified by “negative’ gestures. Detailed transcription of gorilla communicative events show that gestures are continually being modified and varied by the communicative partners, rather than being ritualized elements of a finite repertoire. The electronic edition of this article includes audio-visual data.
Published online: 10 June 2004
Cited by 14 other publications
Arbib, Michael A., Katja Liebal & Simone Pika
Ferretti, Francesco & Ines Adornetti
Genty, Emilie & Richard W. Byrne
Heesen, Raphaela, Emilie Genty, Federico Rossano, Klaus Zuberbühler & Adrian Bangerter
Hobaiter, Catherine & Richard W. Byrne
Iki, Sakumi & Toshikazu Hasegawa
Liebal, Katja & Josep Call
Roberts, Anna Ilona & Sam George Bradley Roberts
SCHNEIDER, CHRISTEL, JOSEP CALL & KATJA LIEBAL
Tanner, Joanne E. & Richard W. Byrne
Tanner, Joanne E. & Marcus Perlman
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 10 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.