Publications received published in:
Historiographia Linguistica
Vol. 5:1/2 (1978) ► pp. 205219

Note: This listing acknowledges the receipt of recent studies that seem to bear on linguistics, in particular the history of the discipline. Only the receipt of those books will be acknowledged separately which have been sent upon request. It should be pointed out that by accepting a book, the Editor implies no promise that it will be reviewed in HL. Reviews are printed as circumstances permit, and offprints are sent to the publishers of the works reviewed. Items preceded by an asterisk have been chosen for review in one of the forthcoming issues of HL. They will only be listed here.

Acta Universitas Upsaliensis / Uppsala University 500 Years , No. 6 : Faculty of Arts at Uppsala University ; Linguistics and Philology . Uppsala 1976 [ Distributor : Almqvist & Wiksell International , Stockholm ]. Pp. VII, 129 . Paper, 65 ,-. [ On the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the Univ. of Uppsala the heads of the language and literature departments contributed each a brief historical sketch and an account of present-day activities in their respective fields. Interesting historical aperçus are contained in the following contributions: “L’étude des langues romanes depuis 1890” (89–98), by Lennart Carlsson, and “Semitic Languages” (99–112), by Frithiof Rundgren, but information of a historical nature may also be gleaned from other contributions, such as Johannes Söderlind’s account on English (1–10) or Józef Trypućko’s report on Slavic studies (113–22). There is no index; nowhere is mention made of Carl Svedelius (1861–1951), the pioneering Swedish linguist (cf. EL 1:1.139–140, 1974) .]
Aktual’nye problemy učebnoj leksikografii [ Actual problems in educational lexicography ] Ed. by V. A. Red’kin . Moskva : Izd. “Russkij Jazyk” , 320 pp. Cloth , 1 R. 20 k . [ This vol. brings together some 30 articles by Soviet scholars (except for one by G. & C. Dubois transl. from the French) arranged under the following headings: I, “General Questions of Educational Lexicography”; II, “The System of Educational Dictionaries and their Types”; III, “The Structure of the Components of an Educational Dictionary”, and IV, “General Information”, the latter including a “Survey of Recent Foreign Dictionaries of Linguistic Terminology (1960–1975)” by N. A. Sljusareva and G. N. Makarova (272–86), which refers to R. R. K. Hartmann’s “More on Glossaries of Linguistic Terminology”, LBer 21.77–79, but not to the “Glossaries of Linguistic Terminology, 1951–1971: An overview”, ibid. 18.30–38 (1972), the other is referring to, except for a hidden footnote (p. 283). There is an index of names (311–14), and an index of terms and subjects (315f.) ]
. 1977 . Analogy . (= Trends in Linguistics; State-of-the-Art Reports, 10 .) The Hague-Paris-New York : Mouton Publishers , VIII, 152 pp. Paper, DM 43 ,-. [ This monograph is devoted to one of the most important subjects in language development and historical linguistics; the concept of analogy and its various interpretations and applications are treated under the following headings: 1. “Analogy and linguistics” (7–24), 2. “Analogy in synchrony” (25–64), 3. “Analogical change” (65–86), 4. “Analogy in generative grammar and its wake” (87–127). The References (128–42) have been augmented by further bibliographical items (142–49). A useful index of terms and subjects rounds off this long-awaited book, of which a preliminary version had been circulating since 1974 .]
. 1977 . Analogy: A basic bibliography . (= Library and Information Sources in Linguistics, 1 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XIV, 50 pp. Bound, Hfl. 30 ,-. [ This bib. brings together some 400 titles, published between the mid-19th century and 1977, devoted to the discussion and illustration of the working of the analogy principle in language, both synchronically and diachronically. There is a chronological index .]
1975 . Bibliography of Arabic Linguistics . London : Mansell Information/Publishing Limited , XXXVII, 300, 12 pp. [ The front matter of the book consists of the following items: “Preface” by Theodore Prochazka (vii–viii), “Foreword” by K(halil) I. H. Semaan (ix–xv), in which a brief historical survey of Arab linguistics is given; an introduction (xvii–xxii) by the compiler, in which the reasons for and the uses of the present bib. are given. There follow acknowledgements (xxiii), a “List of Symbols and Abbreviations” (xxv), a “List of Transcription and Transliteration [of Arabic symbols]” (xxvii–xxviii), and a “List of Sources [and the abbreviations employed in the bib. to refer to them]” (xxixxxxvii). The main body of the bib. is taken up by altogether more than 2000 entries, to which a considerable number of reviews would have to be added. The “Occidental Section” (3–164) lists 1521 items, at times briefly annotated; the oriental counterpart (165–259) some 500; the titles of the latter are given both in Arabic and in English. Detailed indexes increase the usefulness of the bib. considerably; there are a “General Subject Index” (263–67), an “Analytical Subject Index” (269–81), followed by indices of coauthors and co-editors (283–84), editors (285–86), reviewers (28789), and a Arabic authors (291–300). The back matter adds an Arabic version of part of the front matter .]
eds. 1977 . Geschiedenes van de Nederlandse taalkunde . Den Bosch : Malmberg , 413 pp. plus 1 double leaf of corrections and an index of anonymous works . [ This collaborative effort of researchers from the Frije Univ. van Amsterdam and the Katholieke Univ. te Nijmegen (cf. the bibliographies by Bakker and Maas listed in HL 4:3.427 and 441 respectively) gives, in altogether 14 chaps., a survey of the development of the study of (largely Dutch) grammar from the Middle Ages to the present day. It also includes chaps. devoted to lexicography and dialect geography. Authors of individual chaps. are, in addition to the two editors: Jan Knol, P. G. J. van Sterkenburg, M. C. van den Toorn, F. Claes, F. de Tollenaere, M. J. M. de Haan, M. Gysseling, J. Goossens, and W. Thys. The vol. contains a number of pictures and plates, and a very detailed bibliography (339–82). A particular feature of the volume is a detailed account of the most important technical terms used in the study (397–413) .]
. 1978 . Kommentierte Übersicht über sprachwissenschaftliche Wörterbücher und allgemeine Einführungen [ in die Sprachwissenschaft ]. (= Studium Sprachwissenschaft, Heft 1 .) Münster : Institut für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft and der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität , 59 pp. [ A student’s guide to glossaries of linguistic terms and to introductions to linguistics .]
. 1977 . Gramatična koncepcija O. O. Potebni [ The grammatical concepts of A. A. Potebnja ]. Kiev : Vidabniče ob’ednannja “Višča škola” , 303 pp. [ A monograph on the Ukranian linguist Aleksandr Afanas’evič Potebnja (1835–91) – cf. a 1976 anthology of his works briefly described in HL 3:3.390 (1976) .]
. 1977 . Vostočnoslavjanskie jazykovedy: Bibliografičeskij slovar’ [ East Slavic linguists: A bio-bibliographical dictionary ]. Tome II : A-K. Minsk : Izd. BGU im. V. I. Lenina , 350 pp. Bound , 1 R. 79 kop. [ This is a sequence to Bulaxov 1976 – cf. HL 3:3.385–86 (1976) for details – by including late 19th and 20th-century scholars, if they are no longer living (two of them, Makar Navlovič Ivčenko [b.1903] and Aleksandr Fedorovič Kulagin [b.1919] had died as late as 1975). The dictionary contains particularly extensive accounts of life and work of the following scholars: Vasilij Aleksandrovič Bogorodickij (29–42), Leonid Arsen’evič Bulaxovskij (61-to 78), Viktor Vladimirovič Vinogradov (89–122!), Evdokija Mixajlovna Galkina-Fedoruk (138–51), Nikolaj Nikolaevič Durnovo (184–93), and Evfimij Fedorovič Karskij (257–87), a scholar (1861–1931) rarely mentioned in the general linguistic literature .]
. 1977 . Sophismata . Critical ed. with an introduction by T. K. Scott . (= Grammatica Speculativa: Theory of Language and Logic in the Middle Ages, 1 .) Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt : Friedrich Frommann Verlag – Günther Holzboog , 168 pp. in small-4°. Cloth, DM 128 ,-. [ The vol. constitutes the first modern edition of the Sophismata of the French philosopher Johannes Buridanus (c.1300–1360). It consists of a brief introd. (10–16), a selected bib. (17–18) of primary and secondary sources, the critical text (19–160), and an ‘index generalis’ to the Latin text. – An E. transl. of the Sophismata appeared in New York in 1966 .]
eds. 1977 . Basic Problem in Methodology and Linguistics . Part Three of the Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Logic, Methology and Philosophy of Science, London, Ontario, Canada – 1975 . (= The University of Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, 11 .) Dordrecht/Holland & Boston : D. Reidel Publishing Company , X, 321 pp. Cloth, Df1 . 100 ,-. [ This important volume 2 to 4 papers each under the following headings: I, “Problems in the Methodology of Science”, II, “Identifiable Problems”, III, “Foundations of Probability and Induction”, and IV, “The Concept of Randomness”, all of them touching upon issues nowadays discussed in linguistics. Sections V, “Foundational Problems in Linguistics”, and VI, “The Prospects of Transformational Grammar”, are closer to home, however. Indeed all 5 contributors are fairly well-known scholars, especially in transformational circles: Asa Kasher (“Foundations on Philosophical Pragmatics”, 225–42), Dieter Wunderlich (“On Problems of Speech Act Theory”, 243–58), Joan W. Bresnan (“Transformations and Categories in Syntax”, 261–82), Stanley Peters (“In Consequence of Speaking”, 283–97), and Jean-Roger Vergnaud (“Formal Properties of Phonological Rules”, 299–318). There is an index of names (319–21), but none of terms and/or subjects .]
Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-Age grec et latin, publies par le directeur de l’Institut . No. 21 , Copenhagen : Inst. for Græsk og Latinsk Middelalderfilologi, Univ. of Copenhagen , 1977 , 115 pp. [ Contents: Sten Ebbesen, “Jacobus Veneticus on the Posterior Analytics and some early 13th Century Oxford Masters on the Elenchi” (1–9); Izydora Dambska, “La sémiotique des ‘dictiones indefinitae’ dans la dialectique d’Abélard” (10–20); Karin Margareta Fredborg, “Tractatus glosarum Prisciani in MS Vat. lat. 1486” (21–44), and Franco Giusberti, “A Treatise on Implicit Propositions from around the Turn of the Twelfth Century: An edition with some introductory notes” (45–115) .]
ed. 1977 . Sprachwissenschaft des 19. Jahrhunderts . (= Wege der Forschung, 474 .) Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , VII, 343 pp. Cloth, DM 56 .- [ for members: DM 37,- ]. [ This anthology of 19th-century articles on linguistic topics contains the following items, most of them with a commentary and bibliographical references added by the ed.: (1) Jacob Grimm, “Jean Pauls neuliche Vorschläge, die Zusammensetzung der deutschen Substantive betreffend [1819]” (7-to 14); (2) Wilhelm von Humboldt, “Natur der Sprache überhaupt [extract from an 1824–26 fragment]” (19–46); (3) Heymann Steinthal, “Ueber den Wandel der Laute und des Begriffs [1860]” (50-to 64); (4) Georg Curtius, “Philologie und Sprachwissenschaft [1862]” (67–83); (5) August Schleicher, “Die Darwinsche Theorie und die Sprachwissenschaft [1863]” (85–105); (6) William Dwight Whitney, “Schleicher und die naturwissenschaftliche Sprachauffassung [1871]” (109–43); (7) Johan Nicolai Madvig [on him, cf. HL 4:3.441–42 (1977)], “Einige der Voraussetzungen der Etymologie und ihre Aufgabe [1871]” (146–79); (8) Wilhelm Scherer, “Rezension von W. D. Whitney, Die Sprachwissenschaft [1875]”, (181-to 188); (9) Hermann Osthoff and Karl Brugmann, “Vorwort zu ‘Morphologische Untersuchungen I [1878]” (190–205); (10) H. Osthoff, “Das physiologische und psychologische Moment in der sprachlichen Formenbildung” (209–25); (11) Franz Misteli, “Rezension von Hermann Paul, Principien der Sprachgeschichte [1882]” (226–46); (12) Maurice Bloomfield, “Ueber die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Existenz von Lautgesetzen [1884]” (248–58); (13) Heinrich Morf, “Die Untersuchung lebender Mundarten und ihre Bedeutung für den akademischen Unterricht [1888]” (260–65); (14) Georg von der Gabelentz, “[Obituary of August Friedrich] Pott [1888]” (268–72); (15) Hugo Schuchardt, “Sprachwissenschaft und Unterricht [1893]” (275–78); (16) Gaston Paris, “Grammatik und Rechtschreibung [1894]” (283–92); (17) Ernst Tappolet, “Ueber die Bedeutung der Sprachgeographie mit besonderer Berücksichtigung französischer Mundarten [1905]” (294–312), and Antoine Meillet, “Der gegenwärtige Stand der Forschung auf dem Gebiet der allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft [1906]” (315–33). There is a brief introd. by the ed. (1–6) and also a select bib. (337–40), and an index of authors (341–43), but not of terms or subjects .]
. 1978 . Die Hierarchie im System der Sprache . Werkauswahl mit Einleitung und Bibliographie von G. F. Bos . Übersetzung der niederländischen Texte von O(skar) Reichmann . (= Internationale Bibliothek für Allgemeine Linguistik, 35 .) München : Wilhelm Fink Verlag , 315 pp. Paperbd., DM 78 ,-. [ This valuable anthology of the distinguished Dutch scholar’s (1892–1963) writings includes, apart from an insightful introduction by the ed. (6–30), which places de Groot’s linguistic ideas in historical perspective, reprintings of the following articles: “Phonetik und Phonologie als Funktionswissenschaften” (1931), “Zur Grundlegung der Morphologie und der Syntax” (1939), “Les oppositions dans les systèmes de la syntaxe et des cas” (1939), “Structural Linguistics and Syntactic Laws” (1949), selections from Structurele Syntaxis (1949), “Classification of Cases and Uses of Cases” (1956), “Classification of the Uses of a Case illustrated on the Genetive in Latin” (1956), and selections from Inleiding tot de Algemene Taalwetenschap (Groningen, 1964) – both selections have been translated into German. Pp. 307–11 reprint de Groot’s bibliography first published in Lingua 11.VII–XI/1962. There is no index .]
ed. 1978 . Current Trends in Text-linguistics . (= Research in Text Theory / Untersuchungen zur Texttheorie, 2 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , VI,308 pp. Cloth, DM 72 ,-. [ This volume of original articles contains contributions by the following scholars: Hannes Rieser, Winfried Nöth, János S. Petöfi, Siegfried S. Schmidt, Teun van Dijk & Walter Kintsch, Emanuel A. Schlegloff, Robert Longacre & Stephen Levinsohn, Joseph E. Grimes, Götz Wienold, Ernst U. Grosse, Nils Erik Enkvist, Ellen F. Prince, Zdena Palková & Bohumil Palek, Ruqaiya Hasan, Roland Harweg, Sergei I. Gindin, and Susumu Kuno. Each paper approaches the subject matter from a different angle, e.g., semiotics, cognition, discourse analysis, literary theory, etc Index of terms (296–308) .]
. 1977 . Tractatus de suppositionibus . (= Grammatica Speculativa: Theory of language and logic in the Middle Ages, 2 .) Critical ed. by John A. Trentman . Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt : Frommann-Holzboog , 188 pp. in small-4°. Cloth, DM 148 ,-. [ To his crit. ed. of St. Vincent Ferrer’s (c.1350–1419) treatise on suppositions (87–184), the ed. has added a fairly substantial introduction (11–82), which is devoted to “Ferrer’s life and philosophical works” (11–16), “The aim and plan of the following discussion” (17–19), namely, “Ferrer’s logical method and the ontological commitments of logicians” (20–30); “Ferrer’s doctrine of signification” (31–40); “Horse-promising and intentionality” (41–49, and “Essentialism and the theory of natural supposition” (50–82). The back matter consists of an index of names (185–86), and a (selective) index of subjects and terms (187–88) .]
Filosofiskie osnovy zarubežnyx napravlenij ν jazykoznanii [ The philosophical foundations of foreign trends in linguistics ]. Moskva : Izd. “Nauka” , 1977 , 295 pp. [ Responsible ed. : V. Z. Panfilov ]. Cloth , 1R 80k . [ Contents: “Introduction” by the ed. (3–6); “Neo-Humboldtian Theory” by P. V. Česnokov (7–62); “Saussure and Saussurean Theory” by N. A. Sljusareva (63–124); “Glossematics” by A. S. Mel’ničuk (125–57); “American Descriptive Linguistics” by V. V. Belyj (158–203); “American Sociolinguistics” by A. D. Švejcer (204–56); “Chomsky and Chomskyan Theory” by N. D. Andreev (257–83); “Subject Index” prepared by V. N. Bondarenko (284–88), and “Name Index” compiled by E. S. Nikitina (289–93) .]
The Fourth LACUS Forum 1977 Ed. by Michel Paradis . Columbia, S. C. : Hornbeam Press, Inc. , 1978 . Pp. X, 679 . [ This vol. prints the papers presented at the 4th annual meeting of the Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States (LACUS) held at McGill University, Montreal, on 13–17 August 1977. Apart from Roger Wescott’s Presidential Address, “The [interdisciplinary] Link of Language” (3–15), the papers are arranged under the following headings: I, “Developmental Psycholinguistics”, II, “Psycho- and Neurolinguistics: Language and the Brain” (12 papers altogether); III, “Linguistics Applied to Language Teaching and Planning”; IV, “Sociolinguistics: Social Variables Influencing Language Use” (which includes 15 papers alone!); V, “Linguistic Metatheory: Epistemological Foundations of Linguistics”; “Diachronic Linguistics: Historical and Comparative Linguistics”; VII, “Grammar: Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, and Semantix”, and VIII, “Text Linguistics: Discourse Analysis beyond the Sentence”. There is no index. – Historians of linguistics might read Bruce L. Pearson’s paper, “Paradigms and Revolutions in Linguistics” (384–90), with interest .]
. 1977 . Scurtǎ istorie a lingvisticii . 3rd rev. and enl. ed. Bucharest : Editura didacticǎ şi pedagogicǎ , 273 pp. [ 1st ed., 1961, 142 pp.; 2nd rev. and enl. ed., 1965, 182 pp. – cf. HL 1:1.361 (1974), for details. – A much enl. ed., which several new chaps., including one on Transformational Grammar (252–68), though in many parts foregoing recent scholarship in the history of linguistics throughout the book. The first 4 chaps. (5–62) cover the period from antiquity to the close of the 18th century; chaps.V to IX are devoted to various currents of 19th-century linguistic thought (comparative grammar, naturalist and psychological conceptions of language, etc.). Chap.X is devoted to 19th and early 20th century developments in Rumanian linguistics (123–31), with the last (25th) chap. dealing with more recent developments in Rumania, roughly 1960–75. Each chap. has a small bib. appended; there is, however, no comprehensive bib., and no index .]
. 1978 . Grammatical Theory and Metascience . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 5 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , X, 355 pp. Bound, Dfl. 80 ,-. [ The book examines the tradition of ‘autonomous linguistics’ represented, in various forms, by Saussure, Sapir, Bloomfield, Harris, Chomsky, and Montague; it presents the data and offers critical evaluations of this type of linguistic science which still today is the most widely accepted conception of the discipline. The book has the following chaps.: 1, “The Idea of ‘Positivism’” (1–19); 2, “The Idea of ‘Hermeneutics’” (20–54); 3, “20th-century Linguistic Theories: A brief survey” (55–90); 4, “Philosophical Foundations of the Concept of Language” (91–121); 5, “The Concept of Language” (122–54); 6, “The Basis of the Nonempirical Nature of Grammar” (155–74); “The Ineliminability of Linguistic Normativity” (175–91); 8, “Language and Grammar” (192–227); 9, “The Methodology of Grammar” (228–75); 10, “Grammar and Logic” (276–93), and 11, “Grammar and Philosophy” (294–310). Following the brief “Conclusion” (311–12), there are about 20 pages of end-notes, a detailed bib. (331–48), and both an index of authors (349–52) and terms (353–55) .]
. 1977 . Axiomatische Sprachtheorie: Wissenschaftstheoretische Untersuchungen zum Konstitutionsproblem der Einzelwissenschaften am Beispiel der Sprachwissenschaftstheorie Karl Bühlers . (= Erfahrung und Denken: Schriften zur Förderung der Beziehungen zwischen Philosophie und Einzelwissenschaften, 50 .) Berlin : Duncker & Humblot , 275 pp. Paper, DM 76 ,-. [ Although the study addresses itself to a philosophical and epistemological problem rather than a purely linguistic one, it is of great interest to historians of linguistics as well, as it brings to bear various currents in the history and philosophy of science and, in particular, discusses important aspects of Karl Bühler’s (1879–1963) conception of linguistic theory and its place within an overall ‘Wissenschaftslehre’. Cf. in particular Part B of the study, “Zur Gegenstandskonstitution in den Sprachwissenschaften” (68–236), which is largely devoted to Bühler’s theories of language as well as of linguistics. The appendix, “Sprachtheorie und Phänomenologie bei Karl Bühler” (239–62) analyses B’s use of ‘phänomenologisch’ and ‘Phänomenologie’, and concludes that, despite various references to the work of Edmund Husserl in his writings, B’s understanding of this term is much less abstract and philosophical than the terminology may suggest. The bib. (263–75) includes an almost complete list of B’s works (264–66). There is no index, but a detailed table of contents (9–10) .]
. 1977 . Sprachtheorie und Philosophie: Zwei wissenschaftshistorische Analysen . (= Osnabrücker Beiträge zur Sprachtheorie ; Beihefte, 1 .) Osnabrück : Fachbereich Kommunikation & Ästhetik, Universität Osnabrück , V, 241 and V, 463 pp. [ The vol. contains 2 major studies, I, “Sprachtheorie und Ideologie: Skizzen zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte der Linguistik: Steinthal, Schleicher, Paul, Junggrammatiker” (1–241), which argues that Hermann Paul, the theoretician, must be distinguished from the rest of the Neogrammarians, the practicing linguists, and that Paul’s theory of language constitutes, by and large, a fusion of Schleicher’s requirement that language analysis should be based on phonetic material, and of Steinthal’s requirement that linguistics must investigate the relationship between concepts and sound representations. The other study, “Aufbau und Wandel philosophischer Rede: Ideologie, Sprachbewusstsein, Semantik, bürgerliches Selbstbewusstsein: Am Beispiel Kant”, constitutes a philosophical and epistemological inquiry, and as such is of limited interest of readers of HL. There are no indexes .]
. 1976 . Initiation raisonnée à la phonétique de l’anglais . 2e édition corrigée . Paris : Librairie Hachette , XVIII, 205 pp. [ This book, first published in June 1975, is designated for students of English as well as of linguistics at French universities; despite its somewhat ‘old-fashioned’ title it is a text-book ‘à la hauteur’ of present-day Anglo-American currents in phonetics and phonology. – Cf. also HL 4:3.441 for a still more recent book by the same authors .]
, with the assistance of Barbara E. Hagerman . 1977 . Germanic and its Dialects: A grammar of pro to-Germanic . Vol. III : Bibliography and Indices . Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XLVIII, 504 pp. Bound, Df1 . 100 ,-. [ This voluminous bib. lists some 8,300 items pertaining to PGmc and related subjects; they are alphabetically arranged in chronological order (1–411). The front matter includes a full list of “Periodicals, Periodical and Serial Abbreviations” (XIII–XLVIII). More importantly, there is a full author index (413–48), which includes life-dates of a number of pre-20th-century scholars, and two other valuable indices, an “Index Verborum” (448–65), locating works in the bib. which focus on specific linguistic forms, and a very detailed “Subject Index” (465–504). No doubt, this bib. will be an important research and reference tool for historical linguists and especially students of the Germanic branch of IE .]
eds. 1978 . Deutsche Wortgeschichte . Dritte, neubearbeitete Auflage , Band III : Register . (= Grundriss der germanischen Philologie, begründet von Hermann Paul, 17:3 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter & Co. , VI, 231 pp. Cloth, DM 78 ,-. [ This is the index volume to the two volumes of Maurer & Rupp’s Deutsche Wortgeschichte, which appeared in 3rd rev. ed. in 1974 – cf. EL 2:2.279/1975, for details. This index, prepared by Paula Hefti and Christian Schmid, is not only important for its “Wortverzeichnis” (1–205), which takes up the bulk of the volume, but also for its “Verfasserverzeichnis” (206–31), which is very detailed and contains many authors of grammatical and other linguistic writings from the middle ages to the end of the 19th century .]
1977 . Nederduitsche Spraekkunst, ten diensten van inen uitheemschen uit verscheidene Schryveren en Aentekeningen opgemaekt en uitgegeeven . Reprint of 1706 ( Amsterdam : F. Halma ) edition , Amsterdam : Vrije Universiteit, Subfaculteit der Nederlandse taal- en letterkunde . [ Paperback, only 150 copies .]
Obscestvennye nauki ν SSSR [ Social Sciences in the U.S.S.R. ]. Serija 6 : Jazykoznanija [ Linguistics ]. Moskva : Institut Naučnoj Informacii po Obščestvennym Naukam, Akad. Nauk SSSR [ Inst. of Scientific Information on the Social Sciences ], Nos. 5 and 6 ( 1977 ). [ Cf. HL 4:3.444–45 and elsewhere for earlier fascicles of this series. – No.6 includes, inter alia, a review of Tradicii russkogo jazykoznanija na Ukraine (Kiev, 1977), already described in EL 4:3.439–40 .]
Obščestvennye nauki za rubežom [ Social Sciences Abroad ]. Ibid. , Nos. 5 and 6 ( 1977 ). [ No. 5 contains, among others, a review of Herman Parret, ed., History of Linguistic Thought and Contemporary Linguistics (Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1976), by N. A. Sljusareva, V. G. Kuznecov, and V. S. Straxova (15–25), a brief review of Rudolf Engler, Saussure und die Romanistik (Bern: Inst. für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität, 1976), by N. A. Sljusareva (25–27), and an account of J. A. Trentman’s article in HL 3:2.179–201 (1976) by L. G. Luzina. There is also a detailed review of G. Henrici, Die Binarismusproblematik in der neueren Linguistik (Tübingen: M. Niemeyer, 1975), by A. R. Arutjunov (36–40). – No.6 includes a sequel to the review of the Parret vol., dealing with the remaining portions of the volume, namely, “Leibnizian and Humboldtian paradigms in German linguistic thought” and “Towards contemporary linguistics and philosophy of language” by the same reviewers (9–14), and accounts of minor studies devoted to the Prague School, the Latin grammarians, and the Latin grammar reform in the Renaissance period .]
. 1976 . Gengogaku-shi . [ History of Linguistics ]. (= Outline of English Linguistics, 14 .) Tokyo : Taishukan Publishing Company , XIII, 253 pp. Cloth, Yen 1.900 ,-. [ After a brief preface (v–vii) expounding the aim of the book, there are two major portions, one concerned with linguistics before the 20th century, the other with modern linguistics. In individual chaps. the author treats, at times only too briefly, the following traditions and trends, schools and scholars: (1), “Language study in Greece” (3–13); (2) “… in Rome” (14–18); (3) “… in the Middle Ages” (19–25); (4) “Language study in the Renaissance and after” (26–35), and (5) “Comparative linguistics in the 19th century” (36–69). There follow: (6) “Ferdinand de Saussure” (70–84); (7) “Geneva school” (85–88); (8) “The French school” (89–91), referring to Meillet, Grammont, Vendryes, and others; (9) “Prague school” (92–103), including Karl Bühler (95–96); (10) “Copenhagen school” (97–115); (11) “The American school”, i.e., American structuralism (116-to 142), which begins with W. D. Whitney (!) and includes brief accounts of the work of K. L. Pike (136–37) and S. M. Lamb (137–38); (12) “London school” (139–54), largely devoted to J. R. Firth’s work, with brief mention of Bronislaw Malinowski’s (1884–1942) writings and of the ‘neo-Firthians’, e.g., M. A. K. Halliday; “Slavist schools” (155–60) actually includes only Baudouin de Courtenay and Kruszewski (155–56), N. Ja. Marr (157–59), and post-1950 developments (159–60). Chap. 14 is devoted to Chomsky (161–85) and the various stages of TG; chap. 15 is a general summary of the study, containing a plea in favor of the importance of linguistic historiography (186–91). The back matter consists of “Notes” (193–216), a bib. (217–29): a table of terminological correspondences between English, German or French items and their Japanese equivalents (230–36); an index of names (337–41) and of subjects (241–53). – There is no mention of the development of linguistics in Japan .]
eds. 1977 . The Roots of American Psychology : Historical influences and implications for the future . (= Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 291 .) New York : The New York Academy of Sciences , VI, 394 pp. Paper , $32.00 . [ This vol. prints the papers of a conference held by the Academy on 28–30 April, 1976 under the same title. These are arranged under the following headings: I, “European Influence upon American Psychology”, II, “Early American Approaches to Mental Health”, III,. “Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Trends in the Psychology of the Self”, IV, “Socioeconomic and Political Factors in the Development of American Psychology”, v, “Historical Aspects of the Psychology of Language and Cognition”, and VI, “Psychological Systems: Past, present and future”, which is devoted to appraisals and self-presentations of 3 great living psychologists and their doctrines: Henry A. Murray (b.1893), Jean Piaget (b.1896), and Burrhus Frederic Skinner (b.1904). – Of particular interest to historians of linguistics are the following contributions: Arthur L. Blumenthal, “Wilhelm Wundt and Early American Psychology” (13–20); Wolfgang G. Bringmann, “The European Roots of American Psychology: Questions of import” (56–65); Ryan D. Tweney, “American Psycholinguistics in the 19th Century” (277–86); John Sullivan, “On Cartesian Linguistics” (287–305), and James H. Stam, “The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis in Historical Perspective” (306–16) .]
. 1977 . Historie und Historizität der Junggrammatiker . (= Sitzungsberichte der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig; Phil.-hist. Klasse, 119:3 .) Berlin : Akademie-Verlag , 22 pp. Paper, M 3 ,-. [ In this paper R. not merely celebrates the 100th anniversary of the year 1876, which brought about the ‘junggrammatische Paradigma’, but at the same time gives a prehistory of this movement which so successfully developed into a theoretical framework for anyone working in historical-comparative linguistics. Of particular interest is R’s analysis, partly indebted to Z. Telegdi’s findings, of the changing meaning of ‘historical’ in the 19th century .]
. 1977 . Adverbs and Comparatives: An analytical bibliography . (= Library and Information Sources in Linguistics 2 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VII, 208 pp. Bound, Dfl. 45 ,-. [ The bib. surveys the scholarship devoted to adverbs, adverbial constructions, comparatives and superlatives, with particular emphasis on the past 50 years up to 1977. The more than 1.500 entries are carefully analyzed in the very detailed “Index of Languages and Subjects” (191–208) .]
. 1976 . Abriss der Geschichte der deutschen Sprache: Zum Verhältnis von Gesellschafts- und Sprachgeschichte . (= Sammlung Akademie-Verlag, 20 .) Berlin : Akademie-Verlag , 246 pp. ( incl. 10 maps and 5 figs. ) Paperbd., M 15 ,-. [ The author of this book essays a survey of the development of the German language which takes into account the changes in the socio-economic make-up of the community of speakers at given periods of its evolution. He distinguishes between a prehistory of the language, trying to sketch out the proto-social conditions of the early stages of Indo-European and to characterize its development up to the 5th century, the period preceding the establishment of feudalism in the Merovingian empire. The actual history of the German language is treated under two major headings, “Die Sprachentwicklung unter feudalen Bedingungen” (52–168), and “Die Sprachentwicklung unter den Bedingungen der bürgerlichen Umwälzung und der bürgerlichimperialistischen Herrschaft (1789–1945)” (169–93). There follows a final chap. devoted to “Die Sprachentwicklung unter den Bedingungen der Errichtung der sozialistischen Gesellschaftsordnung (1945 bis zur Gegenwart)” (194–212), which contains many an interesting observation about post-1945 neologisms in both parts of Germany. Bib. (213–26); index of names and subjects (227–30), and maps and diagrams (232–46) .]
, ed. & introd. 1977 . Erbe – Vermächtnis und Verpflichtung : Zur sprachwissenschaftlichen Forschung in der Geschichte der AdW der DDR . (= Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR – Zentralinstitut für Sprachwissenschaft; Reihe Sprache und Gesellschaft, 10 .) Berlin : Akademie-Verlag , 141 pp. Paper, M 12 ,-. [ This book contains the papers presented in Berlin on the occasion of the 275th anniversary of the Berlin Academy of Sciences in 1975. They are: Gunhild Ginschel, “Schwerpunkte der Entwicklung der Sprachwissenschaft an der Akademie [from Leibniz to the present]” (12–31); Peter Suchsland, “Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716)” (32–59); Burkhard Löther, “Kritische Aneignung des Erbes und bürgerliche Jacob-Grimm-Rezeption” (60–82); Wolfdietrich Hartung, “Zum Problem des Sprachursprungs in der Geschichte der Akademie [from Herder to Schuchardt]” (83–100); Werner Neumann, “Über die Aktualität von Humboldts Sprachauffassung” (101–118); Wolfgang Pfeiffer, “Geschichtliches und Kritisches zur Lexikographie an der Akademie [esp. with regard to Grimm’s Wörterbuch and subsequent deliberations]” (119–31), and Rudolf Grosse, “Sprache und Geschichte bei Theodor Frings [1886–1968]” (132–41) .]
ed. 1977 . Etymologie . (= Wege der Forschung, 373 .) Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , VI, 467 pp. Cloth, DM 86 ,-. [ Apart from a brief introd. (1–6), a useful bib. on the topic (450–61), and an index of names and subjects (463–67), the volume consists of previously published articles on etymology, namely, from Rudolf Thurneysen’s academic address of 1905 on the subject to Klaus Kohler’s (1970) article, “Etymologie und strukturelle Sprachbetrachtung”, reprinted from IF 75.16–31 (this volume, 405–20) – Stephen Ullmann’s article on semantics and etymology (421–50) goes back to a paper published in French in 1959. The authors of the other articles united in this vol. are: Ernst Tappolet (1905), Friedrich Kluge (1911), Herman Lommel (1915), Walther von Wartburg (1931), Manu Leumann (1933), Joseph Vendryes (1955), V. I. Abaev (1956), Günther Drosdowski (1957), Kurt Baldinger (1959), O. N. Trubačev (1959), Oswald Szemerényi (1962), Yakov Malkiel (1962), Lajos Kiss (1967), and Pierre Chantraine (1970). – The articles by Abaev and Trubačev have been translated into German by H.-D. Pohl; all others appear in their original language .]
Sigma. Revue annuelle . 1977 , No. 2 . Montpellier : Centre d’Etudes Linguistiques, Université Paul Valéry . [ For information, see EL 4:3.448 (1977) .]
1977 . Text and Context: Explorations in the semantics and pragmatics of discourse . (= Longman Linguistics Library, 21 .) London & New York : Longman , XVII, 261 pp. Cloth , £6.50 . [ The study consists of 2 major parts, one headed “Semantics”, the other “Pragmatics”. Following the introductory chap., “The linguistic study of discourse” (1–15), there are the following chaps.: “A brief introduction to formal semantics” (19–42); “Connection and connectives” (43–92); “Coherence” (93–129); “Macro-structures” (130–63); “Some notions from the theory of action” (167–88); “Contexts and speech acts” (189–204); “The pragmatics of discourse” (205–31), and “Macro-speech acts” (232–47). Bib. (249–55); index of terms and subjects (257–61) .]
. 1977 . Les débuts de la lexicographie française: Estienne, Nicot et le ‘Thresor de la langue françoyse’(1606) . Toronto & Buffalo : Toronto Univ. Press , XXIII, 340 pp. [ W. traces the history of French lexicography from Robert Estienne’s (alias Stephanus, c.1503–59) Dictionaire françois-latin (1549) to 19th and 20th-century works such as the dictionaries by Emile Littré (1801–81) and Jean & Claude Dubois (1971). According to W. Jean Nicot’s (c.1530-c.1604) posthumous Thresor of 1606 is the key to the development of French lexicographical work, as “Almost every type of information and every technique of description subsequently used in French dictionaries are already to be found in the pages of the Thresor.” (From the author’s summary). Following an “Introduction” (3–15), there are 3 major chaps.: 1, “Du dictionnaire latin au dictionnaire français” (17–62); 2, “Le dictionnaire consultable” (63–245), and 3, “Les découvertes de lecture” (247–90). There follow: “Conclusion: le Thresor comme document lexicographique” (291–92); a bib. of primary and secondary sources- one misses De Witt T. Starnes’s (1888–1967) Robert Estienne’s Influence on Lexicography (Austin: Univ. of Texas Press, 1963), among others – and 3 indices, namely, of authors and texts cited (305–08), of words cited in the book (309–26), and of subjects and terms (327–34) .]