Chapter published in:
Foreign Language Education in Multilingual Classrooms
Edited by Andreas Bonnet and Peter Siemund
[Hamburg Studies on Linguistic Diversity 7] 2018
► pp. 5775
References

References

Alexander, N.
1999An African renaissance without African languages. Social Dynamics 25(1): 1–12. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003The African Renaissance and the Use of African Languages in Tertiary Education [PRAESA Occasional Papers 13]. Cape Town: Project for the Study of Alternative Education in South Africa (PRAESA).Google Scholar
Alidou, H.
2004Medium of instruction in post-colonial Africa. In Medium of Instruction Policies: Which Agenda? Whose Agenda?, J. Tollefson & A. Tsui (eds), 195–214. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Alidou, H., Boly, A., Brock-Utne, B., Diallo, Y. S., Heugh, K. & Wolff, H. E.
2006Optimizing learning and education in africa – The language factor: A stock-taking research on mother tongue and bilingual education in Sub-Saharan Africa. http://​adeanet​.org​/biennial​-2006​/doc​/document​/B3​_MTBLE​_en​.pdf> (17 October 2008).Google Scholar
Alidou, H. & Jung, I.
2001Education language policies in Francophone Africa: What have we learned from the field experiences? In Language Policy: Lessons from Global Models, S. Baker (ed.), 59–73. Monterey CA: Institute of International Studies.Google Scholar
Ansre, G.
1978The use of indigenous languages in education in sub-Saharan Africa: Presuppositions, lessons, and prospects. In Georgetown Round Table on Language and Linguistics, J. Alatis (ed.), 285–301. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Baker, C.
2006Foundations of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 3rd edn. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Bamgbose, A.
1991Language and the Nation: The Language Question in Sub-Saharan Africa. Edinburgh: EUP.Google Scholar
1999African language development and language planning. Social Dynamics 25(1): 13–30. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2000Language and Exclusion: The Consequences of Language Policies in Africa. Hamburg: Lit Verlag Munster.Google Scholar
2011African languages today: The challenge of and prospects for empowerment under globalization. In Selected Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference on African Linguistics, E. G. Bokamba, R. K. Shosted & B. Tesfaw Ayalev (eds), 1–14. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Banda, F.
2000The dilemma of mother tongue: Prospects for bilingual education in South Africa. Language, Culture and Curriculum 13(1): 51–66. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Batibo, H. M.
2005Language Decline and Death in Africa: Causes, Consequences and Challenges. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Benrabbah, M.
2007Language-in-education planning in Algeria: Historical development and current issues. Language Policy 6: 225–252. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Benson, C.
2000The primary bilingual education experiment in Mozambique, 1993 to 1997. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 3(3): 149–166. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bokamba, E .G.
1991French colonial language policies and their legacies. In Language Planning: Focusschrift in Honor of Joshua A. Fishman, Vol. III, D. F. Marshall (ed.), 175–213. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bokamba, E. G.
2011 Ukolonia in African language policies and practices. In Selected Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference on African Linguistics, E. G. Bokamba, R. K. Shosted & B. Tesfaw Ayalev (eds), 146–167. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
Bunyi, G.
2008Constructing elites in Kenya: Implications for classroom language practices in Africa. In Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 3: Discourse and Education, 2nd edn, M. Martin-Jones, A. M. de Mejia & N. H. Hornberger (eds), 147–157. Dordrecht: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Campbell-Makini, Z. M. R.
2000The language of schooling: Deconstructing myths about African languages. In Language and Institutions in Africa, S. B. Makoni & N. Kamwangamalu (eds), 111–129. Cape Town: Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society.Google Scholar
CAPRA
2013Evaluation of the Ministry of Education bilingual education pilot initiative in Mozambique. Unpublished manuscript, Maputo, Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
Chimbutane, F.
2011Rethinking Bilingual Education in Postcolonial Contexts. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
2012Multilingualism in education in post-colonial contexts: With special reference to sub-Saharan African. In Routledge Handbook of Multilingualism, M. Martin-Jones, A. Creese & A. Blackladge (eds), 167–183. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
2013Can sociocultural gains sustain bilingual education programs in postcolonial contexts? The case of Mozambique. In Bilingual Education and Language Policy in the Global South, J. Shoba & F. Chimbutane (eds), 124–145. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Djité, P. G.
2008The Sociolinguistics of Development in Africa. London: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Fafunwa, A. B.
1990Using national languages in education: A challenge to African educators. In African Thoughts on the Prospects of Education for All, Dakar, 27–30 November 1989, UNESCO/UNICEF (eds), 97–110. Dakar: UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa.Google Scholar
Fasold, R.
1997Motivations and attitudes influencing vernacular literacy: Four African assessments. In Vernacular Literacy: A Re-Evaluation, A. Tabouret-Keller, R. B. Le Page, P. Gardner-Chloros & G. Varro (eds), 246–270. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Freeman, R.
2006 [2004]  Reviewing the research on language education programs. In Bilingual Education: An Introductory Reader, O. García & C. Baker (eds), 3–18. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Hailemariam, C.
2002Language and Education in Eritrea: A Case Study of Language Diversity, Policy and Practice. Amsterdam: Aksant Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
Heugh, K.
2008Language policy and education in Southern Africa. In Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 1: Language Policy and Political Issues in Education, 2nd edn, S. May & N. H. Hornberger (eds), 355–367. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
2009Into the cauldron: An interplay of indigenous and globalised knowledge with strong and weak notions of literacy and language education in Ethiopia and South Africa. Language Matters 40(2): 166–189. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heugh, K., Benson, C., Bogale, B. & Yohannes, M. A. G.
2007Final report. Study on medium of instruction in primary schools in Ethiopia. Commissioned by the Ministry of Education, September 2006. http://​www​.mlenetwork​.org​/sites​/default​/files​/Final%20report%20study%20on%20Medium%20of%20Instruction%20in%20primary%20schools%20in%20Ethiopia%20​-%20Heugh%20et%20al%202007​.pdf> (2 January 2018).Google Scholar
Hornberger, N. H.
2006Frameworks and models in language policy and planning. In An Introduction to Language Policy: Theory and Method , T. Ricento (ed.), 24–41. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Kachru, B. B.
1992Models for non-native Englishes. In The Other Tongue: English across Cultures, B. B. Kachru (ed.), 48–74. Urbana IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
Kamwangamalu, N.
2009Reflections on the language policy balance sheet in Africa. Language Matters 40(2): 133–144. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Küper, W.
2003The necessity of introducing mother tongues in education systems of developing countries. In Towards a Multilingual Culture of Education, A. Ouane (ed.), 159–180. Paris: UNESCO Institute of Education.Google Scholar
Mazrui, A.
2000The World Bank, the language question and the future of African education. In A Thousand Flowers: Social Struggles Against Structural Adjustment in African Universities, S. Federici, G. Caffentzis & O. Alidou (eds), 43–59. Trenton NJ: Africa World Press.Google Scholar
Myers-Scotton, C.
1993Elite closure as a powerful language strategy: The African case. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 103: 149–163. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ngunga, A., Nhongo, N., Moisés, L., Langa, J., Chirinze, H. & Mucavele, J.
2010Educação Bilingue na Província de Gaza: Avaliação de um Modelo de Ensino. Maputo: CEA/UEM.Google Scholar
Nyati-Ramahobo, L.
2000Language situation in Botswana. Current Issues in Language Planning 1(2): 243–300. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Obanya, P.
1999Popular fallacies on the use of African languages in education. Social Dynamics 25(1): 81–100. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Obondo, M .A.
2008Bilingual education in Africa: An overview. In Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 5: Bilingual Education, 2nd edn, J. Cummins & N. H. Hornberger (eds), 151–161. Dordrecht: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pearson, P.
2014Policy without plan: English as a medium of instruction in Rwanda. Current Issues in Language Planning 15(1): 39–56. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Petzell, M.
2012The linguistic situation in Tanzania. Moderna Språk 1: 136–144.Google Scholar
Prah, K. K.
1995African Languages for the Mass Education of Africans. Bonn: Education, Science and Documentation Center.Google Scholar
Rubagumya, C. M.
2003English medium primary schools in Tanzania: A new ‘linguistic market’ in education. In The Language of Instruction in Tanzania and South Africa (LOITASA), B. Brock-Utne, Z. Desai & M. Qorro (eds), 149–169. Dar es Salaam: E&D Publishers.Google Scholar
Ruíz, R.
1984Orientations in language planning. National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE) Journal 8(2): 15–34.Google Scholar
Stroud, C.
2001African mother-tongue programmes and the politics of language: Linguistic citizenship versus linguistic human rights. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 22(4): 339–355. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shohamy,E.
(2010).Cases of language policy resistance in Israel’s centralized education system.In Negotiating Language Policies in Schools: Educators as Policymakers, K. Menken&O. Garcia(eds),182–197.New York, NY:Routledge.Google Scholar
Tadadjeu, M. & Chiatoh, B. A.
2005Mother tongue-focused bilingual education in Cameroon. In Mother Tongue-based Bilingual Education in Southern Africa: The Dynamics of Implementation, N. Alexander (ed.), 123–136. Cape Town: PRAESA.Google Scholar
Tollefson, J. W.
1991Planning Language, Planning Inequality. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Trudell, B. & Piper, B.
2014Whatever the law says: Language policy implementation and early-grade literacy achievement in Kenya. Current Issues in Language Planning 15(1): 4–21. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Williams, E.
2014English in African politics of education: Capital or capital illusion. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 225: 131–145.Google Scholar
Young, I. M.
1993Together in difference: Transforming the logic of group political conflict. In Principled Positions: Postmodernism and the Rediscovery of Value, J. Squires (ed.), 121–150. London: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 1 other publications

Chimbutane, Feliciano
2021. Afterword. Language Policy 20:1  pp. 125 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 16 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.