Improving obesity prevention among university students through a tailored information design approach
University years are a critical period for weight gain primarily due to unhealthy changes in eating behavior in students. This is the first study to focus on the impact of tailored information design approaches on the awareness and retention of obesity related information, specifically by university students. A motion graphics was developed through a comprehensive user-centered research and design process that involved a scoping study (observation, questionnaire and focus group), usability testing (five stages of iteration), and a performance test. The results show low previous knowledge and a statistical significant impact on the understanding of information with a tailored user-centered motion graphics.
Keywords: university students, information design, design process, obesity prevention, motion graphics, usability testing
Published online: 19 November 2018
Adefemi, K. & Awasthi, K. J.
American College Health Association
Babic, N., Pibernik, J. & Mrvac, N.
Beier, S. & Dyson, M. C.
(2013) Infographics: A visual link to learning. eLearn, 12(1). [Online] [Accessed 9 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://elearnmag.acm.org/featured.cfm?aid=2556269
Black, A., Luna, P., Lunda, O. & Walker, S.
Brigas, J. & F. Ramos
Buckley, J. P., Hedge, A., Yates, T., Copeland, R. J., Loosemore, M., Hamer, M., Bradley, G. & Dunstan, D. W.
Cluskey, M. & Grobe, D.
Crook, I. & Beare, P.
Deliens, T., Clarys, P., De Bourdeaudhuij, L. & Deforche, B.
Deliens, T., Deforche, B., De Bourdeaudhuij, I. & Clarys, P.
Delp, C. & Jones, J.
Dixon, J. B.
Dyson, M. C.
Guo, S. S., Wu, W., Chumlea, W. C. & Roche, A. F.
Hartley, J., Trueman, M., Betts, L. & Brodie, L.
Höffler, T. N. & Leutner, D.
Houts, P. S., Doak, C. C., Doak, L. G. & Loscalzo, M. J.
Hsueh, C., Chou, J. & Ma, K.
ISO—The International Organization for Standardization
(2013) ISO/TS 20282-2:2013(en). Usability of consumer products and products for public use—Part 2: Summative test method. [Online]. [Accessed 28 January 2016]. Retrieved from https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:ts:20282:-2:ed-2:v1:en
La Barge, G.
(2007) Pre- and post-Testing with more impact. Journal of Extension, 45(6). [Online]. [Accessed 14 April 2017]. Retrieved from https://www.joe.org/joe/2007december/iw1.php
Lloyd-Richardson, E. E., Bailey, S., Fava, J. L. & Wing, R.
Lofti, S. I.
Lonsdale, M. d S.
Nelson, M. C., Kocos, R., Lytle, L. A. & Perry, C. L.
Mokdad, A. H., Serdula, M. K., Dietz, W. H., Bowman, B. A. Marks, J. S. & Koplan, J. P.
Musselman, R. W.
(2013) Effect of ornamentation on the emotional response and perception of motion graphics. MA Dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
(2014) What are ‘reference intakes’ on food labels? [Online]. [Accessed 13 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/reference-intakes-RI-guideline-daily-amounts-GDA.aspx
(2015) Hidden causes of weight gain. [Online]. [Accessed 13 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/loseweight/Pages/Puttingonweight.aspx
(2012) Usability 101: Introduction to Usability. Nielsen Norman Group. [Online]. [Accessed 28 January 2016]. Retrieved from https://www.nngroup.com/articles/usability-101-introduction-to-usability/
Occa, A. & Suggs, S.
(2015) ‘I Feel’—Emotional Word Wheel. [Online]. [Accessed 9 November 2016]. Retrieved from http://imgur.com/gallery/q6hcgsH
Ozdaml, F., Kocakoyuna, S., Sahina, T. & Akdaga, S.
(2015) 12 Basic Principles of Animation in Motion Design. HOW Magazine. [Online]. [Accessed 10 January 2016]. Retrieved from http://www.howdesign.com/web-design-resources-technology/12-basic-principles-animation-motion-design/
(2016) UX Prototypes: Low Fidelity vs. High Fidelity. Nielsen Norman Group. [Online]. [Accessed 10 January 2016]. Retrieved from https://www.nngroup.com/articles/ux-prototype-hi-lo-fidelity/
Pliner, P. & Saunders, T.
(2015) 17 usability testing myths and misconceptions. UXmatters. [Online]. [Accessed 15 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.uxmatters.com/mt/archives/2015/01/17-usability-testing-myths-and-misconceptions.php
Shafipoor, M., Sarayloo, R. & Shafipoor, A.
Shir, M. F. D. & Asadollahi, M.
Simmons, C. C. H.
Sofía, R. B. A., María, T. T. L., del Pilar, P. D. M., Dario, G. H., Adame, N. A. E & Guillermo, O. V.
Sparling, P. B.
(2007) Obesity on campus. Preventing Chronic Disease. [Online]. 4(3), 1–4. [Accessed 5 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/jul/06_0142.htm
Stones, C. & Gent, M.
(2016) The 7 graphic principles of public health Infographic Design. AHRC. [Accessed 16 January 2017]. Retrieved from https://visualisinghealth.com/design-guidelines/
(2016) The chicken shop mile and how Britain got fat [Online]. [Accessed 11 January 2017]. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/jan/28/chicken-shop-mile-britain-fat-cheap-food-obesity
(2009) Measuring satisfaction: Beyond the usability questionnaire. Userfocus. [Online]. [Accessed 14 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.userfocus.co.uk/articles/satisfaction.html
Vadeboncoeur, C., Townsend, N. & Foster, C.
Vadeboncoeur, C., Foster, C. & Townsend, N.
Vella-Zarb, R. A. & Elgar, F. J.
Visscher, T. L. S. & Seidell, J. C.
Walls, H., Peeters, A., Proietto, J. & McNeil, J.
World Health Organization (WHO)
(2016) Obesity and overweight. [Online]. [Accessed 9 January 2017]. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
(2017) Creating Usability with Motion: The UX in Motion Manifesto [Online]. [Accessed March 2017]. Retrieved from https://medium.com/ux-in-motion/creating-usability-with-motion-the-ux-in-motion-manifesto-a87a4584ddc