Article published In:Information Design Journal
Vol. 5:2 (1987) ► pp.141–158
This paper addresses the relationship of pictures and words in illustrated books and newspapers. The author introduces and discusses Roland Barthes' distinction between anchor and relay relationships, and a further development of this distinction by Alain-Marie Bassy. In an anchor relationship, the interpretation of an illustration is anchored to one of its possible meanings by a caption or other linguistic explanation. In a relay relationship, words and pictures are mutually reliant, as in a comic strip. The author suggests that 'defining the relationships between picture and text in this way, has implications for layout.'