Chapter published in:Variation and Evolution: Aspects of language contact and contrast across the Spanish-speaking world
Edited by Sandro Sessarego, Juan J. Colomina-Almiñana and Adrián Rodríguez-Riccelli
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 29] 2020
► pp. 11–32
Chapter 1Cross-dialectal productivity of the Spanish subjunctive in
nominal clause complements
We performed a large-scale corpus study of the subjunctive across Argentine, Mexican, and Peninsular Spanish, in order to determine possible differences in productivity across dialects. Our data (N = 6,822) from the web/dialects section of Davies’ (2016–) Corpus del Español were collected through random sampling of 22 matrix verb governors. All three dialects were significantly different from one another in type:token ratio, whereas only Spain differed from the others in terms of hapax legomena:type ratio. Furthermore, only eight verbs showed the same behavior across all dialects. Subjunctive productivity thus varies by both dialect and governor, thereby revealing the critical importance of both inter- and intra-dialectal variation for the correct analysis of morphosyntactic phenomena. The conditioning of the variation across dialects, nevertheless, was similar: mixed-effects logistic regression in R revealed that negated governors and cases of non-coreferentiality between main and subordinate clause subjects select significantly more subjunctive.
- 2.Previous literature
- 2.1The Spanish subjunctive
- 2.2Morphological productivity
- 3.Research questions and hypotheses
- 6.Discussion and conclusions
Published online: 11 August 2020
Baayen, R. H.
Bybee, J., & Torres Cacoullos, R.
(2016–) Corpus del español: Two billion words, 21 countries. Retrieved from http://www.corpusdelespanol.org/web-dial> (16 March 2020).
Gallego, M., & Alonso-Marks, E.
(2018) Structural and semantic conditioning of the New Mexican Spanish subjunctive: Maintenance in a contact variety. Presented at NWAV 47, NYU, 18–21 October, 2018.
Martín Butragueño, P., & Lastra, Y.
(2011–2015) Corpus sociolingüístico de la ciudad de México. México: El Colegio de México. Retrieved from http://lef.colmex.mx/Sociolinguistica/CSCM/Corpus.htm
Pierrehumbert, J., & Granell, R.
Poplack, S., Torres Cacoullos, R., Dion, N., Berlinck, R. de A., Digesto, S., Lacasse, D., & Steuck, J.
Rosemeyer, M., & Schwenter, S.
Torres Cacoullos, R., LaCasse, D., Johns, M., & De la Rosa Yacomelo, J.
Torres Cacoullos, R., & Travis, C.