Adamson, H. D. & Regan, V. M.
(1991) The acquisition of community speech norms by Asian immigrants learning English as a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 13 (2), 1–22. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bentivoglio, P., Guirado, K., & Suárez, G.
(2005) La variación entre para y pa en el habla de Caracas. In M. L. Ramírez (Ed.), Homenaje a Montes Giraldo. Estudios de dialectología, lexicografía, lingüística general, etnolingüística e historia cultural (pp. 214–37). Instituto Caro y Cuervo.Google Scholar
Bentivoglio, P., & Sedano, M.
(2011) Morphosyntactic variation in Spanish speaking Latin America. In M. Diaz-Campos (Ed.), The Handbook of Hispanic Sociolinguistics, (pp. 168–186). Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Campbell-Kibler, K.
(2007) Accent, (ING), and the social logic of listener perceptions. American Speech, 82(1), 32–64. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2011) The sociolinguisic variant as a carrier of social meaning. Language Variation and Change, 22, 423–441. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Canale, M., & Swain, M.
(1980) Theoretical bases of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 1, 1–47. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cargile, A., Giles, H., Ryan, E. B., & Bradac, J.
(1994) Language attitudes as a social process: A conceptual model and new directions. Language & Communication, 14(3), 211–36. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Carter, P., & Callesano, S.
(2018) The Social meaning of Spanish in Maimi: dialect perceptions and implications for socioeconomic class, income, and emloyment. Latino Studies, 16, 65–90. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chappell, W.
(2019) Caribeño or mexicano, profesionista or albañil?: Mexican listeners’ evaluations of /s/ aspiration and maintenance in Mexican and Puerto Rican voices. Sociolinguistic Studies 12(3–4), 367–393. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chappell, Whitney and Matthew Kanwit
2022Do learners connect sociophonetic variation with regional and social characteristics? The case of L2 perception of Spanish aspiration. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 44(1): 185–209. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Clark, L. & Schleef, E.
(2010) The acquisition of sociolinguistic evaluation among Polish born adolescents learning English: Evidence from perception. Language Awareness 19(4) 299–322. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Clopper, C. G., & Bradlow, A. R.
(2009) Free classification of American English dialects by native and non-native listeners. Journal of Phonetics 37(4), 436–451. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Díaz-Campos, M., Fafulas, S., & Gradoville, M.
(2012) Variable degrees of constituency: Frequency effects in the alternation of pa vs. para in spoken discourse. In M. Díaz-Campos & K. Geeslin (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 14th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, (pp.75–87). Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
D’Onofrio, A.
(2020) Personae in sociolinguistic variation. WIREs Cogn Sci, 11, e1543. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Drager, K. & Hay, J.
(2012) Exploiting random intercepts: Two case studies in sociophonetics. Language Variation and Change 24(1): 59–78. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eckert, P.
(2008) Variation and the indexical field. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 12, 453–476. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Escalante, C.
(2018) “¡Ya pué[h]! Perception of coda-/s/ weakening among L2 and heritage speakers in coastal Ecuador.” EuroAmerican Journal of Applied Linguistics and Languages 5(1), 1–26. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Geeslin, K.
(2003) A comparison of copula choice: Native Spanish speakers and advanced learners. Language Learning, 53, 703–764. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Geeslin, K., Linford, B. & Fafulas, S.
(2015) Variable subject expression in second language Spanish: Uncovering the developmental sequence and predictive linguistic factors. In A. M. Carvalho, R. Orozco, & N. Lapidus Shin (Eds.), Subject Pronoun Expression in Spanish: A Cross-dialectal perspective (pp.193–212). Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Geeslin, K. & Long, A. Y.
(2014) Sociolinguistics and Second Language Acqusition: Learning to Use Language in Context. Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Geeslin, K. & Schmidt, L. B.
(2018) Study abroad and L2 learner attitudes. In C. Sanz & A. Morales-Front (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Study Abroad Research and Practice (Chp. 25). Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Geeslin, K., Gudmestad, A., Kanwit, M., Linford, B., Long, A. Y., Schmidt, L. & Solon, M.
(2018) Sociolinguistic competence and the acquisition of speaking. In R. A. Alonso (Ed.), Speaking in a Second Language (pp.1–25). John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hardeman-Guthrie, K.
(2017) Gender and second language style: American learner perceptions of Mandarin sajiao. Asia-Pacific Language Variation, 2(2), 157–187. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hernández Campoy, J., & Jiménez Cano, J.
(2003) Broadcasting Standardization: An analysis of the linguistic normalisation process in Murcian Spanish. Journal of Sociolinguistics 32(2), 227–255.Google Scholar
IBM Corp
(2021) IBM SPSS Statistics for windows (Version 28.0) [Computer software]. IBM Corp.Google Scholar
Labov, W., Ash, S., Ravindranath, M., Weldon, T., Baranowski, M., & Nagy, N.
(2011) Properties of the sociolinguistic monitor. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 15(4), 431–463. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lambert, W. E., Hodgson, R. C., Gardner, R. C., & Fillenbaum, S.
(1960) Evaluational Reactions to Spoken Language. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 60, 44–51. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lipski, J. M.
(2011) Socio-phonological variation in Latin American Spanish. In M. Díaz-Campos (Ed.) The Handbook of Spanish Sociolinguistics (pp.72–97). Wiley-Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mougeon, R., Nasadi, T. & Rehner, K.
(2010) The Sociolinguistic Competence of Immersion Students. Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Núñez-Méndez, E.
(2022) Variation in Spanish /s/: Overview and New Perspectives. Languages, 7(77),1–50. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schilling, N.
(2013) Investigating Stylistic Variation. In J. K. Chambers & N. Schilling, The Handbook of Language Variation and Change (pp. 327–349), Wiley-Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schmidt, L. B.
(2018) L2 development of perceptual categorization of dialect sounds: A study in Spanish. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 40, 857–882. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schoonmaker-Gates, E.
(2017) Regional variation in the language classroom and beyond: Mapping learners’ developing dialectal competence.” Foreign Language Annals, 50(1), 177–194. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2020) The Acquisition of Dialect-specific phonology, phonetics, and sociolinguistics in L2 Spanish: Untangling Learner Trends. Critical Multilingualism Studies, 8(1), 80–103.Google Scholar
Solon, M. & Kanwit, M.
(2022) New methods for tracking development of sociophonetician competence: Exploring a preference task for Spanish /d/ deletion. Applied Linguistics. Advance online publication. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tarone, E.
(1985) Variability in interlanguage use: A study of style-shifting in morphology and syntax. Language learning, 35(3), 373–403. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
van Compernolle, R. & Williams, L.
(2012) “Reconceptualizing Sociolinguistic Competence as Mediated Action: Identity, Meaning-Making, Agency. The Modern Language Journal, 96, ii, 234–250. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Walker, A., García, C., Cortés, Y., & Campbell-Kibler, K.
(2014) Comparing social meanings across listener and speaker groups: The indexical field of Spanish /s/. Language Variation and Change, 26(2), 169–89. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zahn, C. J. H., Robert
(1985) Measuring Language Attitudes: The Speech Evaluation Instrument. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 4(2), 113–123. DOI logoGoogle Scholar