Article published in:Spanish Language and Sociolinguistic Analysis
Edited by Sandro Sessarego and Fernando Tejedo-Herrero
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 8] 2016
► pp. 197–216
Lexical frequency and subject expression in native and non-native Spanish
A closer look at independent and mediating effects
This paper investigates the effect of lexical frequency on third-person subject form variation by native and highly-advanced non-native speakers of Spanish. In line with previous research, verb tokens which represented 1% or more of the total tokens were categorized as frequent whereas all others were categorized as infrequent. We also coded for six other linguistic variables: number, referent specificity, semantic class, morphological regularity, TMA, and switch reference. The findings revealed that lexical frequency did not have an independent effect on third-person subject form variation and in only one case did high lexical frequency appear to activate the effect of another linguistic factor. We discuss our results alongside findings of previous research and offer directions for future research.
Keywords: lexical frequency, subject expression
Published online: 25 May 2016
Bayley, R., Greer, K., & Holland, C.
Bayley, R., & Pease-Álvarez, L.
Cameron, R., & Flores-Ferrán, N.
Clark, L., & Trousdale, G.
Erker, D., & Guy, G.R.
Geeslin, K., & Gudmestad, A.
Geeslin, K.L., & Linford, B.
(2012, April). Cross-sectional study of the effects of discourse cohesiveness and perseveration on subject expression. Paper presented at 6th International Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics . Tucson, AZ.
Geeslin, K.L., Linford, B., & Fafulas, S.
(2015) Variable subject expression in second language Spanish: Uncovering the developmental sequence and predictive linguistic factors. In A. Carvalho, R. Orozco, & N. Shin (Eds.), Subject pronoun expression in Spanish: A cross-dialectal perspective (pp. 193-212). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Geeslin, K.L., Linford, B., Fafulas, S., Long, A., & Díaz-Campos, M.
Goldberg, A.E., Casenheiser, D.M., & Sethuraman, N.
Gudmestad, A., & Geeslin, K.
(2010) Exploring the roles of redundancy and ambiguity in variable subject expression: A comparison of native and non-native speakers. In C. Borgonovo, M. Español-Echevarría, & P. Prévost (Eds.), Selected proceedings of the 12th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium (pp. 270-283). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Gudmestad, A., House, L., & Geeslin, K.L.
(2014) Self-reported motivation and the L2 acquisition of subject pronoun variation in Spanish. In R.T. Miller, K.I. Martin, C.M. Eddington, A. Henery, N. Marcos Miguel, A.M. Tseng, A. Tuninetti, & D. Walter (Ed.), Selected proceedings of the 2012 Second Language Research Forum (pp. 193-210). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Linford, B., Long, A., Solon, M., & Geeslin, K.
Forthcoming). Measuring lexical frequency: Comparison groups and subject expression in L2 Spanish. In L. Ortega, A.E. Tyler, H.I. Park, & M. Uno (Eds.) The Usage-based Study of Language Learning and Multilingualism pp. 137 154 Washington, DC Georgetown University Press
Linford, B., & Shin, N.L.
Otheguy, R., & Zentella, A.C.
Torres Cacoullos, R., & Travis, C.E.
Cited by 3 other publications
de Prada Pérez, Ana & Nick Feroce
Geeslin, Kimberly L., Aarnes Gudmestad, Matthew Kanwit, Bret Linford, Avizia Yim Long, Lauren Schmidt & Megan Solon
Solon, Megan, Bret Linford & Kimberly L. Geeslin
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 04 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.