Pragmatic markers are an important part of the grammar of conversation and not simply markers of disfluency. They have a number of functions that help the speaker to organise the conversation and to express feelings and attitudes. Advanced EFL learners use frequent pragmatic markers such as well. However their use of well diverges from the native speaker norm. The present study uses data from the Swedish component of the LINDSEI corpus and its native speaker counterpart (LOCNEC) to examine similarities and differences between native and non-native speakers. The overall picture is that Swedish learners overuse well, although there are considerable individual differences. Thus learners use well above all as a fluency device to cope with speech management problems but underuse it for attitudinal purposes. Pragmatic markers cannot be taught in the same way as other lexical items but it is important to discuss how and where they are used.
2013. Advancing the Research Agenda of Interlanguage Pragmatics: The Role of Learner Corpora. In Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2013 [Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics, 1], ► pp. 9 ff.
Campillos Llanos, Leonardo & Paula González Gómez
2014. Oral Production of Discourse Markers by Intermediate Learners of Spanish: A Corpus Perspective. In Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2014 [Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics, 2], ► pp. 239 ff.
Chan, Clarice S.C.
2017. Investigating a research-informed teaching idea: The use of transcripts of authentic workplace talk in the teaching of spoken business English. English for Specific Purposes 46 ► pp. 72 ff.
Chen, Yaoyao & Svenja Adolphs
2023. Towards a speech–gesture profile of pragmatic markers: The case of “you know”. Journal of Pragmatics 210 ► pp. 36 ff.
Crible, Ludivine & Sarah E. Blackwell
2020. Introduction: Discourse-pragmatic markers in speech and sign. Journal of Pragmatics 156 ► pp. 24 ff.
Crible, Ludivine & Elena Pascual
2020. Combinations of discourse markers with repairs and repetitions in English, French and Spanish. Journal of Pragmatics 156 ► pp. 54 ff.
2022. Information technology students’ involvement in in-class debates: Speech acts and modification of the illocutionary force . Discourse and Interaction 15:2 ► pp. 28 ff.
2014. Oral proficiency and pragmatic marker use in L2 spoken Spanish: The case of pues and bueno. Journal of Pragmatics 74 ► pp. 150 ff.
Friginal, Eric, Joseph J. Lee, Brittany Polat & Audrey Roberson
2017. Corpora of Spoken Academic Discourse and Learner Talk: A Survey. In Exploring Spoken English Learner Language Using Corpora, ► pp. 35 ff.
Fu, Yanli & Victor Ho
2022. Discourse markers in TV interviews: A corpus-based comparative study of Chinese and the western media. Frontiers in Psychology 13
Gablasova, Dana & Vaclav Brezina
2015. Does Speaker Role Affect the Choice of Epistemic Adverbials in L2 Speech? Evidence from the Trinity Lancaster Corpus. In Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2015 [Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics, 3], ► pp. 117 ff.
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