Article published in:Corpus-based Approaches to Spoken L2 Production: Evidence from the Trinity Lancaster Corpus
Edited by Vaclav Brezina, Dana Gablasova and Tony McEnery
[International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 5:2] 2019
► pp. 231–252
Holding up one’s end of the conversation in spoken English
Lexical backchannels in L2 examination discourse
This study investigates the use of lexical backchannels in the discourse of L2 English users sitting Trinity College London’s Graded Examinations in Spoken English (GESE). It is based on the Trinity Lancaster Corpus Sample and explores the language produced during the Discussion, Conversation and Interactive tasks of the language examinations by L2 English users from Chinese, Indian and Italian linguistic backgrounds, whose proficiency ranges from the B2 to C2 levels (i.e. high intermediate, advanced, expert) of the CEFR. The findings suggest that the L2 users with an Italian background and to a lesser extent those with a Chinese background often supported their examiners’ turns with items conveying uncertainty, while those with an Indian background with items of certainty. Furthermore, the L1 Chinese speakers used lexical backchannels the most, especially those expressing surprise or request for confirmation, while the speakers from India used them the least. Implications for the assessment of oral proficiency are discussed.
Keywords: backchannels, active listenership, L2 English, language testing, learner corpus research
Published online: 24 September 2019
Amador Moreno, C. P., McCarthy, M. J. & O’Keeffe, A.
Beach, W. A. & Lindstrom, A. K.
Brezina, V. & Meyerhoff, M.
2013 “Integrating learner corpus data into the assessment of spoken interaction in English in an Italian university context”. In S. Granger, G. Gilquin & F. Meunier (Eds.), Twenty Years of Learner Corpus Research: Looking back, Moving ahead. Corpora and Language in Use. Proceedings 1, Louvain-la-Neuve: Presses universitaires de Louvain, 61–74.
Clancy, B. & McCarthy, M.
Clancy, P. M., Thompson, S. A., Suzuki, R. & Tao, H.
Council of Europe
Ducasse, A. M.
Duncan, S. & Fiske, D.
Ford, C. E. & Thompson, S. A.
Gablasova, D., Brezina, V., McEnery, T. & Boyd, E.
Gablasova, D., Brezina, V. & McEnery, T.
Jones, C., Byrne, S. & Halenko, N.
Leavitt, H. J. & Mueller, R. A. H.
Lehtonen, J. & Sajavaara, K.
Li, H. Z.
Maynard, S. K.
Molenda, M. & Pęzik, P.
O’Keeffe, A., McCarthy, M. & Carter, R.
O’Sullivan, B. & Lu, Y.
Romero-Trillo, J. & Newell, J.
Sandlund, E., Sundqvist, P. & Nyroos, L.
Trinity College London
Graded Examinations in Spoken English (GESE) http://www.trinitycollege.com/site/?id=368 (21 August 2018).
Utashiro, T. & Kawai, G.
Winke, P. & Gass, S.
Wong, D. & Peters, P.
Cited by 1 other publications
Kraaz, Michelle & Tobias Bernaisch
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 29 august 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.