Article published In:
Intercultural Pragmatics and Cultural Linguistics
Edited by Ulrike Schröder, Milene Mendes de Oliveira and Hans-Georg Wolf
[International Journal of Language and Culture 7:1] 2020
► pp. 121145
Barr, D. J., & Keysar, B.
(2007) Making sense of how we make sense: The paradox of egocentrism in language use. In H. L. Colston & A. N. Katz (Eds.), Figurative language comprehension: Social and cultural influences (pp. 21–42). New Jersey: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Cannizzarro, S.
(2016) Internet, memes as internet signs: A semiotic view of digital culture. Sign Systems Studies, 44(4), 562–586. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Clark, H. H.
(1996) Using language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Colston, H. L.
(2008) A new look at common ground: Memory, egocentrism, and joint meaning. In I. Kecskés & J. Mey (Eds.), Intention, common ground and the egocentric speaker-hearer (pp. 151–187). Berlin, New York: Mouton De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Dawkins, R.
(1989 [1976]) The selfish gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Diedrichsen, E.
(2013a) Constructions as memes – Interactional function as cultural convention beyond the words. In F. Liedtke & C. Schulze (Eds.), Beyond words (pp. 283–305). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013b) From idioms to sentence structures and beyond: The theoretical scope of the concept “construction”. In B. Nolan & E. Diedrichsen (Eds.), Linking constructions into functional linguistics – The role of constructions in grammars (pp. 295–330). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019a) On the semiotic potential of internet memes. In A. Benedek. & K. Nyíri (Eds.): Vision fulfilled – The victory of the pictorial turn (pp. 201–213). Budapest: HAS–BUTE Open Content Development Research Group, 2018, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Budapest University of Technology and Economics.Google Scholar
(2019b) On the interaction of core and emergent common ground in internet memes. Internet Pragmatics [online first]:   DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eco, U.
(1976) A theory of semiotics. Bloomington, London: Indiana University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Edmonds, B.
(2005) The revealed poverty of the gene-meme analogy – why memetics per se has failed to produce substantive results. Journal of memetics – evolutionary models of information transmission 9(1), 1–4.Google Scholar
Everett, D.
(2012) Language, the cultural tool. London: Profile Books.Google Scholar
Feilke, H.
(1996) Sprache als soziale Gestalt. Ausdruck, Prägung und die Ordnung der sprachlichen Typik. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
(1998) Idiomatische Prägung. In I. Barz & G. Öhlschläger (Eds.), Zwischen Grammatik und Lexikon (pp. 69–80). Tübingen: Max Niemeyer. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Goddard, C., & Wierzbicka, A.
(2004) Cultural scripts: What are they and what are they good for? Intercultural Pragmatics, 1(2), 153–166. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grice, H. P.
(1975) Logic and conversation. In P. Cole & J. L. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and semantics, vol.31 (pp. 41–58). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Kecskés, I.
(2008) Dueling contexts: A dynamic model of meaning. Journal of Pragmatics, 401, 385–406. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2010a) The paradox of communication. Pragmatics and Society, 1(1), 50–73. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2010b) Situation-bound utterances as pragmatic acts. Journal of Pragmatics, 42(11), 2889–2897. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kecskés, I., & Zhang, F.
(2009) Activating, seeking and creating common ground: A socio-cognitive approach. Pragmatics & Cognition, 17(2), 331–355. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Keller, R.
(1995) Zeichentheorie. Tübingen: Francke.Google Scholar
Website dedicated to documenting internet phenomena. Retrieved from: [URL], last accessed 28 January 2019.
Kristiansen, G.
(2008) Idealized cultural models: The group as a variable in the development of cognitive schemata. In R. M. Frank, R. Dirven, T. Ziemke & E. Bernárdez (Eds.), Body, language and mind, Vol. 2: Social situatedness (pp. 409–432). Berlin, New York: Mouton De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Kroeber, A. L., & Kluckhohn, C.
(1952) Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions. Peabody Museum, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M.
(1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
McCroskey, C.
(2018, August 6). Copyright for meme-makers. Public knowledge. Retrieved from [URL]
Mey, J. L.
(2001) Pragmatics: An introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
(2010) Reference and the pragmeme. Journal of Pragmatics, 42(11), 2882–2888. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Milner, R. M.
(2013) Pop polyvocality: Internet memes, public participation, and the Occupy Wall Street movement. International Journal of Communication, 71, 2357–2390.Google Scholar
Quinn, N.
(1987) Convergent evidence for a cultural model of American marriage. In D. Holland & N. Quinn (Eds.), Cultural models in language and thought (pp. 173–192). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Scally, D.
(2018, February 17): Three billboards outside Merkel’s apartment. Retrieved from [URL]
Schwabach, A.
(2012) Reclaiming copyright from the outside in: What the Downfall Hitler meme means for transformative works, fair use, and parody. Buffalo Intellectual Property Law Journal, III(1), 1–25. Retrieved from: [URL], last accessed 28 January 2019.
Sharifian, F.
(2003) On cultural conceptualisations. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 3(3), 187–207. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2015) Language and culture: Overview. In F. Sharifian (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language and culture (pp. 3–17). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.Google Scholar
(2017) Cultural linguistics. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shifman, L.
(2013) Memes in a digital world: Reconciling with a conceptual troublemaker. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 18(3), 362–377. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2014) Memes in digital culture. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.Google Scholar
Sperber, D.
(2000) An objection to the memetic approach to culture. In R. Aunger (Ed.), Darwinizing culture: The status of memetics as a science (pp. 163–173). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
wa Thiong’o, N.
(1986) Decolonising the mind: The politics of language in African literature. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
Wierzbicka, A.
(1998) German ‘cultural scripts’: Public signs as a key to social attitudes and cultural values. Discourse & Society, 9(2), 241–282. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wikipedia: Three billboards outside Ebbing, Missouri
Retrieved from: [URL], last accessed 15 November 2018.
Wittgenstein, L.
(1960) Philosophische Untersuchungen. In: L. Wittgenstein, Tractatus logico-philosophicus (= Schriften 1), Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. English translation by G. E. M. Anscombe, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar