Māori is the indigenous language of New Zealand. Its increasingly close contact with English over the last 150 years led to its endangerment, though it is now subject to active revitalization efforts. This chapter reports on some results from the MAONZE (Māori and New Zealand English) Research Project, which is studying aspects of the mutual influence of Māori and English in the area of pronunciation. Three groups of male speakers are analyzed, with birth dates ranging over 100 years (1880s to 1980s). Acoustic analyses of vowels and diphthongs are presented together with analyses of the stop consonants and /f/ (<wh>). The results show that there has been considerable change in all the analyzed aspects of Māori pronunciation. Some changes could reflect languageinternal change, but since they relate closely to similar changes that have taken place in New Zealand English over the same time period, they probably also represent external influence.
Maclagan, Margaret, Catherine I. Watson, Ray Harlow, Jeanette King & Peter Keegan
2017. Investigating the Sound Change in the New Zealand English Nurse Vowel /ᴈ:/. Australian Journal of Linguistics 37:4 ► pp. 465 ff.
Oh, Y., S. Todd, C. Beckner, J. Hay, J. King & J. Needle
2020. Non-Māori-speaking New Zealanders have a Māori proto-lexicon. Scientific Reports 10:1
2016. Enhanced creativity in bilinguals? Evidence from meaning interpretations of novel compounds. International Journal of Bilingualism 20:3 ► pp. 315 ff.
2016. Crosslinguistic influence on headedness of novel English compounds. STUF - Language Typology and Universals 69:4 ► pp. 471 ff.
REESE, ELAINE, PETER KEEGAN, STUART MCNAUGHTON, TE KANI KINGI, POLLY ATATOA CARR, JOHANNA SCHMIDT, JATENDER MOHAL, CAMERON GRANT & SUSAN MORTON
2018. Te Reo Māori: indigenous language acquisition in the context of New Zealand English. Journal of Child Language 45:2 ► pp. 340 ff.
2020. Contact effects on voice-onset time (VOT) in Patagonian Welsh. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 50:2 ► pp. 153 ff.
Watson, Catherine I., Margaret A. Maclagan, Jeanette King, Ray Harlow & Peter J. Keegan
2016. Sound change in Māori and the influence of New Zealand English. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 46:2 ► pp. 185 ff.
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