Chapter published in:The Sociolinguistics of Place and Belonging: Perspectives from the margins
Edited by Leonie Cornips and Vincent A. de Rooij
[IMPACT: Studies in Language, Culture and Society 45] 2018
► pp. 55–88
Chapter 4Cité Duits
A polyethnic miners’ variety
In the late 1930s and 1940s, locally born children of immigrant coal miners in Tuinwijk, a neighborhood in the village of Eisden in Belgian Limburg, developed a way of speaking among themselves which they later labelled Cité Duits. Having become coal miners themselves, they continued to use Cité Duits as an in-group language throughout their lives when working underground as well as in their private lives. We will show that Cité Duits is a hybrid variety resulting from combining elements of German, Belgian Dutch and the Maasland dialect spoken in Belgian Limburg through focusing and sedimentation. We argue that Cité Duits developed and continues to be employed as a symbolic language for expressing group identity
- 2.Historical context: A circulation of labor
- 3.The immigrants in the Campine mines, including Eisden
- 4.Social and ethnic conditions for the emergence of Cité Duits in Eisden/Tuinwijk
- 5.The local population’s attitudes towards the immigrants
- 6.Sociolinguistic conditions for the emergence of Cité Duits in Eisden
- 7.Some linguistic characteristics of Cité Duits
- 7.1Phonological characteristics
- 7.2.1The definite article
- 7.2.2The indefinite article
- 7.2.3The possessive pronoun and the attributive adjective
- 7.3Word order in the two-verb cluster
Published online: 07 March 2018
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Cited by 1 other publications
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