Why is Twitter so popular in Japan?
Linguistic devices for monologization
Across the countries of the world, Japan can rightly claim to be a great “Twitter nation” (Akimoto 2011). Japanese people like to tweet anytime and anywhere. Although the popularity of Twitter in Japan is often associated with the large information capacity of Japanese character sets (Wagner 2013), Neubig and Duh (2013) prove that this is not necessarily the case. Our research compares two sets of data (300 tweets for each) posted by Japanese and Americans, and demonstrates that Japanese tweets contain more monologic features, or show a higher degree of monologicity, than Americans’ tweets. Also, more than 60% of the sentence-ending forms in the Japanese tweets do not encode explicit addressee orientation. The study reveals that it is not the Japanese unique character sets, but the grammatical devices for monologization that linguistically allow Japanese users to enjoy the fullest benefits of online anonymity and addressee underspecification provided by Twitter.
Keywords: Twitter, monologicity, dialogicity, anonymity, addressee underspecification, Japanese, English
Published online: 16 July 2019
2011 “Japan, the Twitter nation.” The Japan Times 18 May 2011 https://www.japantimes.co.jp/life/2011/05/18/digital/japan-the-twitter-nation/#.Wadv47JJbIU (accessed 10 October 2016).
Barker, Valerie, and Hiroshi Ota
Barnlund, Dean C.
Bovee, Nicholas, and Robert Cvitkovic
Clark, Herbert H., and Susan E. Brennan
Gudykunst, William B., and Tsukasa Nishida
Hirose, Yukio, and Yoko Hasegawa
Iori, Isao, Shino Takanashi, Kumiko Nakanishi, and Toshihiro Yamada
Izutsu, Mitsuko Narita, and Katsunobu Izutsu
2015 “Cancellation, confirmation, and establishment: Three facets of grounding marked by Japanese final particles.” Paper presented at the 14th International Pragmatics Conference, Antwerp, 27 July 2015.
Langacker, Ronald W.
Lim, Young-shin, and Roselyn J. Lee-Won
2017 “Soosharu media-no riyoo jookyoo choosa & burogu soosharu bukkumaaku yuuzaa purofairu bunseki [Research on the use of social media & the profile analysis of blog and social bookmarking users].” https://www.macromill.com/contact/files/report/n054_3mcdez.pdf (accessed 1 September 2017).
Marwick, Alice E., and danah boyd
Morio, Hiroaki, and Christopher Buchholz
Neubig, Graham, and Kevin Duh
Ohbuchi, Ken-Ichi, and Yumi Takahashi
Onodera, Noriko O.
Peddinti, Sai Teja, Keith W. Ross, and Justin Cappos
Poblete, Barbara, Ruth Garcia, Marcelo Mendoza, and Alejandro Jaimes
Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik
2017 “Tweeting made easier.” Twitter Blog 7 November 2017 https://blog.twitter.com/official/en_us/topics/product/2017/tweetingmadeeasier.html (accessed 28 November 2017).
2011 “Facebook wins relatively few friends in Japan.” The New York Times 9 January 2011 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/10/technology/10facebook.html?mcubz=1 (accessed 26 March 2017).
2017 “Torampu daitooryoo-wa tsuittaa-de nani-o ioo-to shitekita-no-ka [What has President Trump tried to say on Twitter?].” Huffpost Japan 24 January 2017 https://www.huffingtonpost.jp/kazuhiro-taira/trump-twitter_b_14327466.html (accessed 20 April 2017).
Thomson, Robert, Naoya Ito, Hinako Suda, Fangyu Lin, Yafei Liu, Ryo Hayasaka, Ryuzo Isochi, and Zian Wang
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
2010 “Dialogic contexts as motivations for syntactic change.” In Studies in the History of the English Language V: Variation and Change in English Grammar and Lexicon: Contemporary Approaches, ed. by Robert A. Cloutier, Anne Marie Hamilton-Brehm, and William A. Kretzschmar, Jr., 11–27. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Uehara, Satoshi, and Satoko Fukushima
van der Auwera, Johan, Nina Dobrushina, and Valentin Goussev
2013 “Imperative-hortative systems.” In The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer, and Martin Haspelmath. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://wals.info/chapter/72 (accessed 23 November 2017).
2013 “Twitter’s top 5 accounts are all in Japan – Here’s why.” MashableAsia 22 October 2013 http://mashable.com/2013/10/22/japan-loves-twitter/#JuyPtFT0Gaq2 (accessed 10 October, 2016).
Wang, Shaojung Sharon
we are social
2015 “Digital, social & mobile in 2015.” http://wearesocial.com/uk/special-reports/digital-social-mobile-worldwide-2015 (accessed 15 October 2016).
2017 “Digital in 2017: Global overview.” https://wearesocial.com/special-reports/digital-in-2017-global-overview (accessed 26 August 2017).
Webb, Helena, Marina Jirotka, Bernd Carsten Stahl, William Housley, Adam Edwards, Matthew Williams, Rob Procter, Omer Rana, and Pete Burnap
Cited by 1 other publications
Izutsu, Mitsuko Narita & Katsunobu Izutsu
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 14 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.