Article published in:
ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 159 (2010) ► pp. 7987
References

References

Asher, J. y Garcia, R.
(1969) The optimal age to learn a foreign language. Modern Language Journal 53, 334–41. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Asher, J. y Price, B.
(1967) The learning strategy of the Total Physical Response: Some age differences. Child Development 38, 1219–27.Google Scholar
Berman, R.A. y Slobin, D. I.
(ed.) (1994) Relating Events in Narrative: A Crosslinguistic Developmental Study. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Burstall, C., Jamieson, Cohen, S. y Hargreaves, M.
(1974) Primary French in the Balance. Windsor: NFER Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Celaya, M.L., Torras, M.RR. y Pérez-Vidal, C.
(2001) Short and mid-term effects of an earlier start. EUROSLA Yearbook 1, 195–209. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cenoz, J.
(2002) Age of learning and oral production in the third language. Interface: Journal of Applied Linguistics 16(2), 63–73.Google Scholar
(2003) The influence of age on the acquisition of English: General proficiency, attitudes and code mixing. In M.P. García Mayo y M.L. García Lecumberri (ed.) Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language. (77–94). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Cenoz, J., Hufeisen, B. y Jessner, U.
(2001) Towards trilingual education. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 4, 1–10. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cook, V.
(1995) Multicompetence and effects of age. In D. Singleton y Z. Lengyel (ed.) The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition (51–67). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Cummins, J.
(1980) The cross-lingual dimensions of language proficiency: Implications for bilingual education and the optimal age issues. TESOL Quarterly 14, 175–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1981) Age of arrival and immigrant second language learning in Canada: A reassessment. Applied Linguistics 2, 132–149. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
DeKeyser, R.M.
(2000) The robustness of critical period effects in second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 22, 499–533.Google Scholar
(2003) Implicit and explicit learning. InC.J. Doughty y M. Long (eds.) The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition (313–349). Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ekstrand, L.
(1976) Adjustment among immigrant pupils in Sweden. International Review of Applied Psychology 25(3), 167–88. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Flege, J., MacKay, I. y Meador, D.
(1999) Native Italian speakers’ production and perception of English vowels. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 106, 2973–87. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
García Lecumberri, M.L. y Gallardo, F.
(2003) English FL sounds in school learners of different ages. In M.P. García Mayo y M.L. García Lecumberri (ed.) Age and the acquisition of English as a Foreign Language (115–136). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
García Mayo, M.P.
(2003) Age, length of exposure and grammaticality judgments in the acquisition of English as a foreign language. In M.P. García Mayo y M.L. García Lecumberri (ed.) Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language (94–115). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Genesee, F.
(1979) A Comparison of Early and Late Immersion Programs. McGill University, Montreal: Mimeo.Google Scholar
(1987) Learning Through Two Languages. Cambridge, Mass.: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Harley, B.
(1986) Age in Second Language Acquisition. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Hyltenstam, K.
(1992) Non-native features of near-native speakers: On the ultimate attainment of childhood L2 learners. In R. Harris (ed.) Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals (351–368). Amsterdam: Elsevier. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, J. y Newport, E.
(1989) Critical period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of ESL. Cognitive Psychology 21, 60–99. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krashen, S., Long, M. y Scarcella, R.
(1979) Age, rate and eventual attainment in second language acquisition. TESOL Quarterly 13, 573–82. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lasagabaster, D. y Doiz, A.
(2003) Maturational constraints on foreign language written production. In M.P. García Mayo y M.L. García Lecumberri (eds.) Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language (136–161). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Mayer, M.
(1969) Frog, Where Are You?. New York: Dial Press.Google Scholar
Muñoz, C.
(2006) Bilingualism and trilingualism in school students in Catalonia. In J. Cenoz y U. Jessner (eds.) English in Europe: the Acquisition of a Third Language (157–179). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
(2003) Le rythme d’acquisition des savoirs communicationels chez des apprenants guides. L’influence de l’âge. Acquisition et Interaction en Langue Étrangère 18, 53–76.Google Scholar
(2006) The effects of age on foreign language learning : the BAF Project. In Muñoz, C. (ed.).Age and the Rate of Foreign Language Learning (1–41). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Oller, J. y Nagato, N.
The long-term effect of FLES: An experiment. Modern Language Journal 58, 15–19. Crossref
Oyama, S.
(1976) A sensitive period for the acquisition of a non-native phonological system. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 5, 261–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1978) The sensitive period and comprehension of speech. Working Papers on Bilingualism 16, 1–17.Google Scholar
Patkowski, M.
(1980) The sensitive period for the acquisition of syntax in a second language. Language Learning 30, 449–472. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1990) Accent in a second language: A reply to James Emil Flege. Applied Linguistics 11, 73–89. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ruiz de Zarobe, Y.
(2001) The age factor in trilingual language production: the case ofsubject pronouns in the acquisition of English. Actas del II International Conference on Trilingual Education and Trilingualism. Fryske Akademy, the Netherlands.Google Scholar
(2002) Edad y tipología pronominal en la adquisición del inglés como tercera lengua. In Ignacio M. Palacios. (eds.) Fifty years of English Studies in Spain. A Commemorative Volume, Vol. >I,(417 428). Servicio de Publicaciones de Santiago de Compostela.Google Scholar
(2003) Instruction and age in the acquisition of negation in English as a third language. Linguistica Atlantica, 25–41.Google Scholar
Ruiz de Zarobe, Y.
(2005) Age and third language production: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Multilingualism2(2), 105–113. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ruiz de Zarobe, Y.
(2008) English negation in third language development: effects of age and formal instruction. In M. Gibson, B. Hufeisen, y C. Personne (eds.) Multilingualism: Learning and Instruction (23–37). Baltmannsweiler, Germany: Schneider Series.Google Scholar
Singleton, D.
(1995) A critical look at the critical period hypothesis in second language acquisition research. InD. Singleton y Z.. Lengyel (eds) The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition (1–30).Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Skehan, P.
(1998) A Cognitive Approach to Language Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Stromqvist, S. y Verhoeven L.
(eds.) (2004) Relating Events in Narrative, vol. 2: Typological and Contextual Perspectives. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Tremaine, R.
(1975) Syntax and Piagetian Operational Thought: A Developmental Study of Bilingual Children. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar