Article in:
Journal of English-Medium Instruction
Vol. 1:1 (2022) ► pp. 728
References

References

Airey, J.
(2012) I don’t teach language: The linguistic attitudes of physics lecturers in Sweden. AILA Review, 25 , 64–79. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Airey, J., Lauridsen, K. M., Räsänen, A., Salö, L., & Schwach, V.
(2017) The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals? Higher Education, 73 (4), 561–576. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Al-Bataineh, A.
(2020) Language policy in higher education in the United Arab Emirates: Proficiency, choices and the future of Arabic. Language Policy, 1–22. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ali, N. L.
(2013) A changing paradigm in language planning: English-medium instruction policy at the tertiary level in Malaysia. Current Issues in Language Planning, 14 (1), 73–92. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Altbach, P. G., & Knight, J.
(2007) The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11 (3–4), 290–305. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ammon, U.
(2004) German as an international language of the sciences–recent past and present. In A. Gardt & B. Hüppauf (Eds.), Globalization and the future of German (pp. 157–172). Mouton de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baker, W., & Hüttner, J.
(2019) “We are not the language police”: Comparing multilingual EMI programmes in Europe and Asia. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 29 (1), 78–94. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barakos, E., & Unger, J.
(Eds.) (2016) Discursive approaches to language policy. Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barnard, R., & McLellan, J.
(2013) Codeswitching in university English-medium classes: Asian perspectives. Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Belhiah, H., & Elhami, M.
(2015) English as a medium of instruction in the Gulf: When students and teachers speak. Language Policy, 14 (1), 3–23. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Björkman, B.
(2013) English as an academic lingua franca: An investigation of form and communicative effectiveness. Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bolton, K., Botha, W., & Bacon-Shone, J.
(2017) English-medium instruction in Singapore higher education: Policy, realities and challenges. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 38 (10), 913–930. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bolton, K., & Kuteeva, M.
(2012) English as an academic language at a Swedish university: parallel language use and the ‘threat’of English. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 33 (5), 429–447. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Canagarajah, S.
(2005) Reclaiming the local in language policy and practice. Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 20 ]
(2018a) English as a spatial resource and the claimed competence of Chinese STEM professionals. World Englishes, 37 , 34–50. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018b) Materializing ‘competence’: Perspectives from international STEM scholars. The Modern Language Journal, 102 (2), 268–291. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coleman, J. A.
(2006) English-medium teaching in European higher education. Language Teaching, 39 (01), 1–14. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cooper, R. L.
(1989) Language planning and social change. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Corson, D.
(1999) Language policy in schools: A resource for teachers and administrators. Lawrence Erlbaum AssociatesGoogle Scholar
Dafouz, E., & Smit, U.
(2016) Towards a dynamic conceptual framework for English-medium education in multilingual university settings. Applied Linguistics, 37 (3), 397–415. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
De Costa, P. I., Green-Eneix, C. A., & Li, W.
(2020) Problematizing EMI language policy in a transnational world. English Today, 1–8. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dimova, S.
(2020) English language requirements for enrolment in EMI programs in higher education: A European case. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 47 , 100896. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Doiz, A., Lasagabaster, D., & Sierra, J.
(2013) Globalisation, internationalisation, multilingualism and linguistic strains in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 38 (9), 1407–1421. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Doiz, A., Lasagabaster, D., & Sierra, J. M.
(2014) Language friction and multilingual policies in higher education: the stakeholders’ view. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 35 (4), 345–360. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ebad, R.
(2014) The role and impact of English as a language and a medium of instruction in Saudi higher education institutions: Students-instructors perspective. Studies in English Language Teaching, 2 (2), 140. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Erdocia, I.
(2019) Medium of instruction ideologies: accommodation of multilingualism in the bilingual regime of Navarre. Current Issues in Language Planning, 20 (3), 284–308. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fenton-Smith, B., Humphreys, P., & Walkinshaw, I.
(Eds.) (2017) English medium instruction in higher education in Asia-Pacific. Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Galloway, N., & Rose, H.
(2021) English medium instruction and the English language practitioner. ELT Journal, 1–9. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gu, M., & Lee, J. C.-K.
(2019) “They lost internationalization in pursuit of internationalization”: Students’ language practices and identity construction in a cross-disciplinary EMI program in a university in China. Higher Education, 78, 389–405. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Guimarães, F. F., & Kremer, M. M.
(2020) Adopting English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in Brazil and Flanders (Belgium): A comparative study. Ilha do Desterro, 73 , 217–246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gundermann, S.
(2014) English-Medium Instruction: Modelling the role of the native speaker in a lingua franca context. Albert-Ludwigs-Universität.Google Scholar
Haarmann, H.
(1990) Language planning in the light of a general theory of language: A methodological framework. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 86, 103–26. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 21 ]
Haberland, H., & Mortensen, J.
(2012) Language variety, language hierarchy and language choice in the international university. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 2012 (216), 1–6. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hadley, G.
(2014) English for academic purposes in neoliberal universities: A critical grounded theory. Springer.Google Scholar
Hamid, M. O., Nguyen, H. T. M., & Baldauf, R. B. J.
(2013) Medium of instruction in Asia: Context, processes and outcomes. Current Issues in Language Planning, 14 (1), 1–15. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
He, P., Lai, H., & Lin, A. M.
(2016) Translanguaging in a multimodal mathematics presentation. In C. M. Mazak & K. S. Carroll (Eds.), Translanguaging in higher education: Beyond monolingual ideologies (pp. 91–120). Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hornberger, N. H.
(2002) Multilingual language policies and the continua of biliteracy: An ecological approach. Language Policy, 1 (1), 27–51. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hu, G., Li, L., & Lei, J.
(2014) English-medium instruction at a Chinese University: Rhetoric and reality. Language Policy, 13 (1), 21–40. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hult, F. M.
(2013) Ecology and multilingual education. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), Encyclopedia of applied linguistics (Vol. 3, pp. 1835–1840). Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
(2015) Making policy connections across scales using nexus analysis. In F. M. Hult & D. C. Johnson (Eds.), Research methods in language policy and planning: A practical guide (pp. 217–231). Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
(2017a) Discursive approaches to policy. In S. E. F. Wortham, D. Kim & S. May (Eds.), Discourse and education (pp. 111–121). Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2017b) More than a lingua franca: Functions of English in a globalised educational language policy. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 30 (3), 265–282. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018a) Engaging pre-service English teachers with language policy. ELT Journal, 72 (3), 249–259. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018b) Foreign language education policy on the horizon. Foreign Language Annals, 51 , 35–45. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hult, F. M., & King, K. A.
(Eds.) (2011) Educational linguistics in practice: Applying the local globally and the global locally. Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hult, F. M., & Källkvist, M.
(2016) Global flows in local language planning: Articulating parallel language use in Swedish university policies. Current Issues in Language Planning, 17 (1), 56–71. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hultgren, A. K., Jensen, C., & Dimova, S.
(2015) English-medium instruction in European higher education: From the north to the south. In S. Dimova, A. K. Hultgren & C. Jensen (Eds.), English-medium instruction in European higher education: Language and social life (pp. 1–16). De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hultgren, A. K., Owen, N., Shrestha, P., Kuteeva, M. & Mežek, Š.
(2022) Assessment and English as a medium of instruction: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of English-Medium Instruction, 1(1), 106–124. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Inbar-Lourie, O., & Donitsa-Schmidt, S.
(2020) EMI Lecturers in international universities: Is a native/non-native English-speaking background relevant? International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 23 (3), 301–313. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 22 ]
Jenkins, J.
(2011) Accommodating (to) ELF in the international university. Journal of Pragmatics, 43 (4), 926–936. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2015) Repositioning English and multilingualism in English as a Lingua Franca. Englishes in Practice, 2 (3), 49–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jenkins, J., & Mauranen, A.
(2019) Linguistic diversity on the EMI campus: Insider accounts of the use of English and other languages in universities within Asia, Australasia, and Europe. Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, D. C.
(2013) Language policy. Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, R. K., Swain, M., & Long, M. H.
(1997) Immersion education: International perspectives. Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Källkvist, M., & Hult, F. M.
(2016) Discursive mechanisms and human agency in language policy formation: negotiating bilingualism and parallel language use at a Swedish university. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 19 (1), 1–17. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2020) Multilingualism as problem or resource? Negotiating space for languages other than Swedish and English in university language planning. In M. Kuteeva, K. Kaufhold, & N. Hynninen (Eds.), Language perceptions and practices in multilingual universities (pp. 57–84). Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kaplan, R. B., & Baldauf, R. B.
(1997) Language planning from practice to theory. Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Kim, E. G.
(2017) English medium instruction in Korean higher education: Challenges and future directions. In B. Fenton-Smith, P. Humphreys, & I. Walkinshaw (Eds.), English medium instruction in higher education in Asia-Pacific (pp. 53–69). Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kirkpatrick, A.
(2014) The language (s) of HE: EMI and/or ELF and/or multilingualism? The Asian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1 (1), 4–15.Google Scholar
Knoch, U., Rouhshad, A., Oon, S. P., & Storch, N.
(2015) What happens to ESL students’ writing after three years of study at an English medium university? Journal of Second Language Writing, 28 , 39–52. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kuteeva, M.
(2020) Revisiting the ‘E’ in EMI: students’ perceptions of standard English, lingua franca and translingual practices. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 23 (3), 287–300. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kuteeva, M., & Airey, J.
(2014) Disciplinary differences in the use of English in higher education: Reflections on recent language policy developments. Higher education, 67 (5), 533–549. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lasagabaster, D.
(2015) Language policy and language choice at European Universities: Is there really a’choice’? European Journal of Applied Linguistics, 3 (2), 255. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lei, J., & Hu, G.
(2014) Is English-medium instruction effective in improving Chinese undergraduate students’ English competence?. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 52 (2), 99–126. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Leung, C., Lewkowicz, J., & Jenkins, J.
(2016) English for academic purposes: A need for remodelling. Englishes in Practice, 3 (3), 55–73. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 23 ]
Lin, A. M.
(2019) Theories of trans/languaging and trans-semiotizing: Implications for content-based education classrooms. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 22 (1), 5–16. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Macaro, E., Curle, S., Pun, J., An, J., & Dearden, J.
(2018) A systematic review of English medium instruction in higher education. Language Teaching, 51 (1), 36–76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Macaro, E., & Han, S.
(2020) English medium instruction in China’s higher education: Teachers’ perspectives of competencies, certification and professional development. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 41 (3), 219–231. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Martinez, R.
(2016) English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in Brazilian higher education: Challenges and opportunities. In K. R. Finardi (Ed.), English in Brazil: Views, policies and programs (pp.191–228). Eduel.Google Scholar
Mauranen, A.
(2012) Exploring ELF: Academic English shaped by non-native speakers. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
MOE
(2001) Guyu jiaqiang gaodeng xuexiao benke jiaoxue gongzuo tigao jiaoxue zhiliang de ruogan yijian [Guidelines for further improving undergraduate education]. MOE.Google Scholar
Mortensen, J.
(2014) Language policy from below: Language choice in student project groups in a multilingual university setting. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 35 (4), 425–442. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mühlhäusler, P.
(1996) Linguistic ecology: Language change and linguistic imperialism in the Pacific region. RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
Ou, W. A., & Gu, M.
(2020) Negotiating language use and norms in intercultural communication: Multilingual university students’ scaling practices in translocal space. Linguistics and Education, 57 , 1–11. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ou, W. A., Gu, M. M., & Hult, F. M.
(2020) Translanguaging for intercultural communication in international higher education: Transcending English as a Lingua Franca. International Journal of Multilingualism, 1–19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2021) Discursive ripple effects in language policy and practice: Multilingualism and English as an academic lingua franca in transnational higher education. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 44 (2), 154–179. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pecorari, D., Shaw, P., Malmström, H., & Irvine, A.
(2011) English textbooks in parallel-language tertiary education. TESOL Quarterly, 45 (2), 313–333. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Phan, L.-H., & Barnawi, O. Z.
(2015) Where English, neoliberalism, desire and internationalization are alive and kicking: Higher education in Saudi Arabia today. Language and Education, 29 (6), 545–565. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Phillipson, R.
(1992) Linguistic imperialism. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
(2009) English in globalisation, a Lingua Franca or a Lingua Frankensteinia? TESOL Quarterly, 43 (2), 335–339. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2017) Myths and realities of ‘global’ English. Language Policy, 16 (3), 313–331. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Preisler, B., Klitgård, I., & Fabricius, A.
(2011) Language and learning in the international university: From English uniformity to diversity and hybridity. Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 24 ]
Rincon-Mendoza, L., & Canagarajah, S.
(2020) The strategic use of translingual resources in Inner Circle academic settings. World Englishes, 39 (2), 286–299. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Salomone, R.
(2015) The rise of global English: Challenges for English-medium instruction and language rights. Language Problems and Language Planning, 39 (3), 245–268. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Seidlhofer, B.
(2005) English as a lingua franca. ELT Journal, 59 (4), 339–341. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Söderlundh, H.
(2012) Global policies and local norms: Sociolinguistic awareness and language choice at an international university. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 216 , 87–109. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Son, J.-B., Park, S.-S., & Park, M.
(2017) Digital literacy of language learners in two different contexts. JALT CALL Journal, 13 (2), 77–96. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Storch, N.
(2009) The impact of studying in a second language (L2) medium university on the development of L2 writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 18 (2), 103–118. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tollefson, J. W., & Tsui, A. B.
(2004) Medium of instruction policies: Which agenda? Whose agenda? Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Tsui, A. B., & Tollefson, J. W.
(Eds.) (2017) Language policy, culture, and identity in Asian contexts. Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van Splunder, F.
(2016) Language ideologies regarding English-medium instruction in European higher education: Insights from Flanders and Finland. In E. Barakos & J. W. Unger (Eds.), Discursive approaches to language policy (pp. 205–230). Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wächter, B., & Maiworm, F.
(2014) English-taught programmes in European higher education. Lemmens.Google Scholar
Yuan, R.
(2020) Promoting EMI teacher development in EFL higher education contexts: A teacher educator’s reflections. RELC Journal, 51 (2), 309–317. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, Z.
(2018) English-medium instruction policies in China: internationalisation of higher education. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 39 (6), 542–555. CrossrefGoogle Scholar