References

References

Alonso Belmonte, Isabel
2007“Newspaper Editorials and Comment Articles: A ‘Cinderella’ Genre?” RAEL: Revista Electrónica de Lingüistica Aplicada 1: 1–9.Google Scholar
Baehr, Harry W., Jr
1972 [1936] The New York Tribune Since the Civil War. New York: Octagon Books.Google Scholar
Baker, Paula
1991The Moral Frameworks of Public Life: Gender, Politics, and the State in Rural New York, 1870–1930. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Baldasty, Gerald J.
1992The Commercialization of the News in the Nineteenth Century. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
Barnhurst, Kevin G., and John Nerone
2001The Form of News. (The Guilfrd Communication Series.) New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Barthes, Roland
1970S/Z. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
Bazzanella, Carla
2011“Redundancy, Repetition, and Intensity in Discourse.” Language Sciences 33 (2): 243–254. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bederman, Gail
1995Manliness & Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 1880–1917. (Women in Culture and Society.) Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Berry, Stephen J.
2005“Why Objectivity Still Matters.” Nieman Reports 59 (2): 15–16.Google Scholar
Bormann, Ernest G.
1972“Fantasy and Rhetorical Vision: The Rhetorical Criticism of Social Reality.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 58: 396–407. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1982“Colloquy: I. Fantasy and Rhetorical Vision: Ten Years Later.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 68: 288–305. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bowes, Andrea, and Albert Katz
2011“When Sarcasm Stings.” Discourse Processes 48: 215–236. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brown, Penelope, and Stephen Levinson
1987Politeness: Some Universals in Language Use. (Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics 4.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Burke, Martin J.
1995The Conundrum of Class: Public Discourse on the Social Order in America. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Caffi, Claudia, and Richard W. Janney
1994“Toward a Pragmatics of Emotive Communication.” Journal of Pragmatics 22: 325–373. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Calhoun, Charles W.
1996“The Political Culture: Public Life and the Conduct of Politics.” In The Gilded Age: Essays on the Origins of Modern America, ed. by Charles W. Calhoun, 185–213. Wilmington, DE: SR Books.Google Scholar
2010From Bloody Shirt to Full Dinner Pail: The Transformation of Politics and Governance in the Gilded Age. New York: Hill and Wang.Google Scholar
Carter, Ronald, and Walter Nash
1990Seeing Through Language: A Guide to Styles of English Writing. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Carvalho, Anabela
2008“Media (ted) Discourse and Society: Rethinking the Framework of Critical Discourse Analysis.” Journalism Studies 9 (2): 161–177. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Carver, Terrel
1997“Identity and Narrative in Prime-Time politics: The Hill-Thomas Hearings.” In Interpreting the Political: New Methodologies, ed. by Terrel Carver, and Matti Hyvärinen, 7–17. London and New York: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cherny, Robert W.
1997American Politics in the Gilded Age, 1868–1900. Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson.Google Scholar
Chilton, Paul, and Christina Schäffner
1997“Discourse and Politics.” In Discourse as Social Interaction. (Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction 2), ed. by Teun A. van Dijk, 206–230. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Chouliaraki, Lilie
2000“Political Discourse in the News: Democratizing Responsibility or Aestheticizing Politics?” Discourse and Society 11 (3): 293–314. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cmiel, Kenneth
1990Democratic Eloquence: The Fight over Popular Speech in Nineteenth-Century America. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Cohen, Ted
1978“Metaphor and the Cultivation of Intimacy.” Critical Inquiry 5 (1): 3–12. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Conboy, Martin
2007The Language of the News. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Cook, Robert J.
1994Baptism by Fire: The Republican Party in Iowa, 1838–1878. Ames: Iowa State University Press.Google Scholar
Corbett, Edward P.J.
1965Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
David, James Corbett
2007“The Politics of Emasculation: The Caning of Charles Sumner and Elite Ideologies of Manhood in the Mid-Nineteenth-Century United States.” Gender and History 19 (2): 324–345. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davis, Howard, and Paul Walton
1983“Death of a Premier: Consensus and Closure in International News.” In Language, Image, Media, ed. by Howard Davis, and Paul Walton, 8–49. London: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Downey, Mathew T.
1967“Horace Greeley and the Politicians: The Liberal Republican Convention of 1872.” The Journal of American History 53: 727–750. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Eco, Umberto
1979The Role of the Reader: Explorations in the Semiotics of Texts. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
Eisenhart, Christopher, and Barbara Johnstone
2008“Discourse Analysis and Rhetorical Studies.” In Rhetoric in Detail: Discourse Analysis of Rhetorical Talk and Text. (Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture), ed. by Barbara Johnstone, and Christopher Eisenhart, 3–21. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fairclough, Norman
1992a“Discourse and Text: Linguistic and Intertextual Analysis within Discourse Analyis.” Discourse and Society 3 (2): 193–217. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1992b“Intertextuality in Critical Discourse Analysis.” Linguistics and Education 4: 269–293. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1995Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. (Language in Social Life Series.) London: Longman.Google Scholar
Flood, Christopher G.
1996Political Myth: A Theoretical Introduction. (Theories of Myth.) New York: Garland Publishing.Google Scholar
Flowerdew, John
1999“Description and Interpretation in Critical Discourse Analysis.” Journal of Pragmatics 31: 1089–1099. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Foner, Eric
1988Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. Cambridge: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
Gamson, William A.
1992Talking Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Gerrig, Richard J., and Raymond W. Gibbs
1988“Beyond the Lexicon: Creativity in Language Production.” Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 3: 1–19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Green, David E.
1987Shaping Political Consciousness: The Language of Politics in America from McKinley to Reagan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Gue, Benjamin F.
1903History of Iowa from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, IV: Iowa Biography. New York: Century History.Google Scholar
Hall, Stuart
1980“Encoding/Decoding.” In Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972–79, ed. by Stuart Hall, Dorothy Hobson, Andrew Lowe, and Paul Willis, 128–138. London: Hutchinson & Co.Google Scholar
Hartley, John
1982Understanding News. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
Hilkey, Judy
1997Character is Capital: Success Manuals and Manhood in Gilded Age America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
Hirshson, Stanley P.
1962Farewell to the Bloody Shirt: Northern Republicans and the Southern Negro, 1847–1893. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
Hofstadter, Richard
1962Anti-Intellectualism in American Life. New York: Alfred Knopf.Google Scholar
Hoganson, Kristin L.
1998Fighting for American Manhood: How Gender Politics Provoked the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Jensen, Richard
1971The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888–1896. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Kaplan, Richard
2002Politics and the American Press: The Rise of Objectivity, 1865–1920. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
2010“The Origins of Objectivity in American Journalism.” In The Routledge Companion to News and Journalism, ed. by Stuart Allan, 25–37. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
King, Elliot
2005“Objectivity During a Clash of Titans, 1883–1915.” In Fair & Balanced: A History of Journalistic Objectivity, ed. by Steven R. Knowlton, and Karen L. Freeman, 117–130. Northport, AL: Vision Press.Google Scholar
Kleppner, Paul
1970The Cross of Culture: A Social Analysis of Midwestern Politics, 1850–1900. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Leech, Geoffrey N.
1969A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry. (English Language Series 4.) London: Longman.Google Scholar
Levine, Lawrence W.
1993The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mayer, Gordon
2006“Party Rags? Politics and the News Business in Chicago’s Party Press, 1831–71.” Journalism History 32 (3): 138–146.Google Scholar
McGerr, Michael E.
1986The Decline of Popular Politics: The American North, 1865–1928. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
McGerr, Michael
1990“Political Style and Women’s Power, 1830–1930.” The Journal of American History 77 (3): 864–885. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McPherson, James M.
1965“Grant or Greeley? The Abolitionist Dilemma in the Election of 1872.” The American Historical Review 71: 43–61. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McQuarrie, Edward F., and David G. Mick
1996“Figures of Rhetoric in Advertising Language.” Journal of Consumer Research 22 (4): 424–438. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mindich, David T.Z.
1998Just the Facts: How “Objectivity” Came to Define American Journalism. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Mothersbaugh, David L., Bruce A. Huhmann, and George R. Franke
2002“Combinatory and Separative Effects of Rhetorical Figures on Consumers’ Effort and Focus in Ad Processing.” Journal of Consumer Research 28 (4): 589–602. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mott, Frank L.
1952The News in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Murphy, Kevin P.
2008Political Manhood: Red Bloods, Mollycoddles, and the Politics of Progressive Era Reform. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
n.a
1897“Editorial Department: Notable Deaths.” Annals of Iowa 3 (1): 75.Google Scholar
Nelson, Dana D.
1998National Manhood: Capitalist Citzenship and the Imagined Fraternity of White Men. Durham: Duke University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ostler, Jeffrey
1993Prairie Populism: The Fate of Agrarian Radicalism in Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa, 1880–1892. (Rural America.) Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.Google Scholar
Patnode, Randall, Donald L. Shaw, and Steven R. Knowlton
2005“The 19th Century: The Evolution of Objectivity.” In Fair & Balanced: A History of Journalistic Objectivity, ed. by Steven R. Knowlton, and Karen L. Freeman, 65–75. Northport, AL: Vision Press.Google Scholar
Payne, Charles E.
1938Josiah Bushnell Grinnell. Iowa City: State Historical Society of Iowa.Google Scholar
Pendergast, Tom
2000Creating the Modern Man: American Magazines and Consumer Culture, 1900–1950. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press.Google Scholar
Pilkington, Adrian
1992“Poetic Effects.” Lingua 87: 29–51. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Plett, Heinrich F.
1999“Rhetoric and Intertextuality.” Rhetorica 17 (3): 313–329. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rasmussen, Claire, and Michael Brown
2005“The Body Politic as Spatial Metaphor.” Citizenship Studies 9 (5): 469–484. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Reitano, Joanne
1994The Tariff Question in the Gilded Age: The Great Debate of 1888. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.Google Scholar
Riffaterre, Michael
1990“Compulsory Reader Response: The Intertextual Drive.” In Intertextuality: Theories and Practices, ed. by Michael Worton, and Judith Still, 56–78. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
Robertson, Andrew W.
1995The Language of Democracy: Political Rhetoric in the United States and Britain, 1790–1900. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Rodgers, Daniel T.
1987Contested Truths: Keywords in American Politics Since Independence. New York: Basic Books Publishers.Google Scholar
Roeh, Izhak, and Akiba Cohen
1992“One of the Bloodiest Days: A Comparative Analysis of Open and Closed Television News.” Journal of Communication 42 (2): 42–55. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rubin, Joan Shelley
1998“Listen, My Children: Modes and Functions of Poetry Reading in American Schools, 1880–1950.” In Moral Problems in American Life: New Perspectives on Cultural History, ed. by Karen Halttunen, and Lewis Perry, 261–281. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Ryfe, David M.
2006“News, Culture and Public Life: A Study of 19th-Century American Journalism.” Journalism Studies 7 (1): 60–77. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ryfe, David M., and Markus Kemmelmeier
2010“Quoting Practices, Path Dependency and the Birth of Modern Journalism.” Journalism Studies 12: 1–17.Google Scholar
Sage, Leland L.
1956William Boyd Allison: A Study in Practical Politics. Iowa City: State Historical Society of Iowa.Google Scholar
Seidel, Gill
1985“Political Discourse Analysis.” In Handbook of Discourse Analysis, 4: Discourse Analysis in Society, ed. by Teun A. van Dijk, 43–60. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Shenhav, Shaul R.
2005“Thin and Thick Narrative Analysis: On the Question of Defining and Analyzing Political Narratives.” Narrative Inquiry 15 (1): 75–99. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Simpson, Brooks D.
1998The Reconstruction Presidents. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.Google Scholar
Slotkin, Richard
1985The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 1800–1890. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
Smythe, Ted Curtis
2003The Gilded Age Press, 1865–1900. (The History of American Journalism 4.) Westport, Conn. and London: Praeger Publishers.Google Scholar
Strauss, Dafnah
2006“Between Partisanship and Independence: American Editor-Politicians and Independent-Partisan Newspapers, 1870–1910.” Ph.D. Dissertation. Haifa: Haifa University.Google Scholar
Suleiman, Susan R.
1980“Redundancy and the ‘Readable’ Text.” Poetics Today 1 (3): 119–142. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Summers, Mark W.
1994The Press Gang: Newspapers and Politics, 1865–1878. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
Tannen, Deborah
1989Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue and Imagery in Conversational Discourse. (Studies in Interactional Sociolonguistics 6.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Testi, Arnalso
1995“The Gender of Reform Politics: Theodore Roosevelt and the Culture of Masculinity.” The Journal of American History 81 (4): 1509–1533. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Throne, Mildred
1955“The Liberal Republican Party in Iowa, 1872.” Iowa Journal of History 53: 121–152.Google Scholar
Titscher, Stefan, Michael Meyer, Ruth Wodak, and Eva Vetter
2000Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis. Translated by Bryan Jenner. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Tonear, Mark, and James Munch
2001“Consumer Responses to Tropes in Print Advertising.” Journal of Advertising 30 (1): 55–65. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Toolan, Michael J.
2001Narrative: A Critical Linguistic Introduction, 2nd edition. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Tucher, Andie
2001“In Search of Jenkins: Taste, Style, and Credibility in Gilded-Age Journalism.” Journalism History 27: 50–55.Google Scholar
Ungerer, Friedrich
1997“Emotions and Emotional Language in English and German News Stories.” In The Language of Emotions: Conceptualization, Expression, and Theoretical Foundation, ed. by Susanne Niemeier, and René Dirven, 307–328. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van Dijk, Teun A.
1992“Racism and Argumentation: Race Riot Rhetoric in Tabloid Editorials.” In Argumentation Illuminated, ed. by Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst, J. Anthony Blair, and Charles A. Willard, 243–257. Amsterdam: SICSAT.Google Scholar
1996 “Opinions and Ideologies in Editorials.” Unpublished Paper for the 4th International Symposium of Critical Discourse Analysis, Language, Social Life and Critical Thought, Athens, 14–16 December, 1995 (second draft available at: http://​www​.discursos​.org​/unpublished%20articles​/Opinions%20and%20ideologies%20in%20editorials​.htm accessed 4 December 2013).
1998“Opinions and Ideologies in the Press.” In Approaches to Media Discourse ed. by Allan Bell, and Peter Garrett, 21–63. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Walsh, Justin E.
1968To Print the News and Raise Hell! A Biography of Wilbur F. Storey. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
Weizman, Elda
1984“Some Register Characteristics of Journalistic Language: Are They Universals?” Applied Linguistics 5 (1): 39–50. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, John
1990Politically Speaking: The Pragmatic Analysis of Political Language. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Wolfsfeld, Gadi
1997Media and Political Conflict: News from the Middle East. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar