Article published in:
Critical perspectives on gender, politics and violence
Edited by Eleonora Esposito
[Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 9:1] 2021
► pp. 2146
References

References

Abraham, Itty, Edward Newman, and Meredith Leigh Weiss
(eds) 2010Political Violence in South and Southeast Asia: Critical Perspectives. Tokyo and New York: United Nations University Press.Google Scholar
Alam, Zainab B.
2020 “Do-it-Yourself Activism in Pakistan: The Fatal Celebrity of Qandeel Baloch.” Perspectives on Politics 18(1): 76–90. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Asher, Saira
2020 “Aurat March: Pakistani Women Face Violent Threats Ahead of Rally.” BBC News 7 March.Google Scholar
Azeem, Tehreem
2019 “Pakistan’s Women Marched for Their Rights. Then the Backlash Came.” The Diplomat, March 20.Google Scholar
Banet-Weiser, Sarah, and Laura Portwood-Stacer
2017 “The Traffic in Feminism: An Introduction to the Commentary and Criticism on Popular Feminism.” Feminist Media Studies 17(5): 884–888. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bardall, Gabrielle S.
2018 “Violence, Politics, and Gender.” In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. February 26. Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Biroli, Flávia
2018 “Violence against Women and Reactions to Gender Equality in Politics.” Politics & Gender 14(4): 681–685. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bonilla, Yarimar, and Jonathan Rosa
2015 “# Ferguson: Digital Protest, Hashtag Ethnography, and the Racial Politics of Social Media in the United States.” American Ethnologist 42(1): 4–17. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Boone, Jon
2015 “Sabeen Mahmud, Pakistani Rights Activist, Shot Dead.” The Guardian, April 25.Google Scholar
Bose, Rakhi
2019 “Pakistani Men Display Sexist Placards to Protest Women’s March, Trolled Intensely.” News18, March 27.Google Scholar
Bueno de Mesquita, Ethan, C. Christine Fair, Jenna Jordan, Rasul Bakhsh Rais, and Jacob N. Shapiro
2015 “Measuring Political Violence in Pakistan: Insights from the BFRS Dataset.” Conflict Management and Peace Science 32(5): 536–558. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cheema, Ali, Sarah Khan, Shandana Khan Mohmand, and Asad Liaqat
2019 “Invisible Citizens: Why More Women in Pakistan do not Vote.” IDS Working Paper 524, Brighton: IDS.Google Scholar
City42
2019 “Vulgar and Feminist Slogans at Aurat March!.” City42. March 12. YouTube video, 24:24 https://​youtu​.be​/xgCRGeHp6eY
Dad, Nighat
( at nighatdad) 2019 “This Person  at ishraq_shaka Is Giving Me Rape Threats but Thanks to Twitter  at Jack Who Has Not Been Taking Any Actions against Hundreds of Accounts Who Are Giving Rape and Death Threats to Women Who Attended  at AuratMarch Cc  at Schemaly  at TwitterSupport Pic.twitter.com/EwCk7swPgV.” Twitter, March 12, 11:24 a.m. https://​twitter​.com​/nighatdad​/status​/1105414248430219264
Daily Times
2020 “Maulana Fazlur Rehman Asks JUI-F Workers to Stop Aurat March by Force.” Daily Times, February 29.Google Scholar
Dawn Images
2019 “Poet Kishwar Naheed Slammed the Aurat March, and Then Twitter Slammed Her.” Dawn News, March 13.Google Scholar
2020 “Aurat March’s Beautiful Mural was Vandalised in Islamabad. Are Men Really that Afraid?Dawn News, March 5.Google Scholar
Djonov, Emilia, and Theo van Leeuwen
2018 “The Power of Semiotic Software: A Critical Multimodal Perspective.” In The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies, edited by John Flowerdew and John Richardson, 566–581. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Droogan, Julian
2018 “The Perennial Problem of Terrorism and Political Violence in Pakistan.” Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism 13(2): 202–215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dupuis-Déri, Francis
2016 “State Antifeminism.” International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy 5(2): 21–35. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Eijaz, Abida, and Rana Eiajz Ahmed
2011 “Discourses of Feminism in the Perspective of Allama Iqbal and the West.” Canadian Social Science 7(5): 190–197.Google Scholar
Esposito, Eleonora
2021 “Introduction: Critical Perspectives on Gender, Politics and Violence.” Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict: Special Issue on Critical Perspectives on Gender, Politics and Violence. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Esposito, Eleonora, and Sole Alba Zollo
2021 “ ‘How dare you call her a pig, I know several pigs who would be upset if they knew’: A Multimodal Critical Discursive Approach to Online Misogyny against UK MPs on YouTube.” Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict: Special Issue on Critical Perspectives on Gender, Politics and Violence. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Express Tribune
2019 “The Aurat March 2020 Poster That Led to Rape Threats.” The Express Tribune, November 30.Google Scholar
Fair, C. Christine, Neil Malhotra, and Jacob N. Shapiro
2009 “The Roots of Militancy: Explaining Support for Political Violence in Pakistan.” Working Paper, Princeton University.Google Scholar
Flood, Michael, Molly Dragiewicz, and Bob Pease
2018 “Resistance and Backlash to Gender Equality: An Evidence Review.” QUT Crime and Justice Research Centre, Australia.Google Scholar
Geo News
2020 “Geo Entertainment Suspends Khalil-ur-Rehman Qamar’s Contract.” Geo News, March 5.Google Scholar
Global Village Space
2019 “Aurat March: The First Glimpse of Aurat March Posters Received Rape, Acid Attacks, Threats on Social Media.” Global Village Space, November 30.Google Scholar
Hadid, Diaa
2018 “Why the Abortion Rate in Pakistan Is One of The World’s Highest.” NPR, November 28.Google Scholar
Hawkesworth, Mary
1999 “Analyzing Backlash: Feminist Standpoint Theory as an Analytical Tool.” Women’s Studies International Forum 22(2): 135–155. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hawkesworth, Mary E.
2006Globalization and Feminist Activism. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
Hayat, Arif, and Ali Akbar
2019 “KP Assembly Unanimously Passes Resolution against Aurat March, Terming It ‘Shameful’.” Dawn News, March 21.Google Scholar
Holmes, Janet
2008 “Gendered Talk at Work: Constructing Gender Identity through Workplace Discourse.” Sociolionguistic Studies 3(1): 115–121.Google Scholar
Hussain, Aamir Liaquat
2019 “Aurat March / Horrible Reality l Aamir Liaquat Explains The Reality Behind Aurat March.” In Aamir Liaquat Channel. YouTube.Google Scholar
Hussain, Shahid
2020 “Lahore High Court Disposes of Petition to Ban Aurat March.” Samaa TV. March 3.Google Scholar
Ismail, Rehana
2019 “To Prevent Conspiracies Aimed at Destroying our Social and Cultural Values in the Form of Immoral Protests.” Edited by Provincial Assembly of Khyver Pakhtunkhwa. https://​www​.pakp​.gov​.pk​/resolutions​/resolution​-against​-aurat​-march/
Jad, Islah
2007 “NGOs: Between Buzzwords and Social Movements.” Development in Practice 17(4–5): 622–629. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jahangir, Ramsha
2020 “Fostering Open Spaces in Pakistan: Combatting Threats to Women’s Activism Online.” Digital Rights Foundation. https://​digitalrightsfoundation​.pk​/wp​-content​/uploads​/2019​/04​/IMS​-Study​-Report​.pdf
Jane, Emma A.
2017Misogyny Online: A Short (and Brutish) History. London: Sage. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Javaid, Maham
2018 “Women in Imran Khan’s ‘New Pakistan’.” The Diplomat, August 3.Google Scholar
2020 “ ‘Many Accounts on Twitter Are Created for Propaganda.’” Soch Writing, January 27.Google Scholar
Jewitt, Carey
2013 “Multimodal Methods for Researching Digital Technologies.” In The SAGE Handbook of Digital Technology Research, edited by Sara Price, Carey Jewitt, and Barry Brown, 250–263. London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Khan, Ayesha, and Nida Kirmani
2018 “Moving Beyond the Binary: Gender-based Activism in Pakistan.” Feminist Dissent 3: 151–191. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Khan, Shmyla
2019a “Violence against Women on the Rise in Pakistan.” Deutsche Welle, September 23.Google Scholar
2019b “Online Participation of Female Politicians in Pakistan’s General Elections.” Edited by Nighat Dad: Digital Rights Foundation.Google Scholar
Khatri, Sadia
2020 “Should Feminists Claim Aurat March’s ‘Vulgar’ Posters? Yes, Absolutely.” Dawn News, January 22.Google Scholar
KhosraviNik, Majid
2017 “Social Media Critical Discourse Studies (SM-CDS).” In The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies, edited by John Flowerdew, and John Richardson, 582–596. London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018 “Social Media Techno-discursive Design, Affective Communication and Contemporary Politics.” Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 11(4): 427–442. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kienpointner, Manfred
2020 “The Pen is Mightier than the Sword: Malala Yousafzai’s Reaction to Verbal and Nonverbal Aggression in her 2013 UN-speech.” Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict. Online-First. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kopytowska, Monika
2021 “Xenophobia, Misogyny and Rape Culture: Targeting Women in Cyberspace.” Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict: Special Issue on Critical Perspectives on Gender, Politics and Violence. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kress, Gunther R.
2003Literacy in the New Media Age. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kress, Gunther, and Theo van Leeuwen
2006Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design (2nd Edn.). Oxon: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krook, Mona Lena
2020 “Violence against Women in Politics.” In How Gender Can Transform the Social Sciences, edited by Marian Sawer, Fiona Jenkins and Karen Downing, 57–64. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krook, Mona Lena, and Juliana Restrepo Sanín
2019 “The Cost of Doing Politics? Analyzing Violence and Harassment against Female Politicians.” Perspectives on Politics 18(3): 740–755. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Machin, David
2016 “The Need for a Social and Affordance-driven Multimodal Critical Discourse Studies.” Discourse & Society 27(3): 322–334. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mansbridge, Jane, and Shauna L. Shames
2008 “Toward a Theory of Backlash: Dynamic Resistance and the Central Role of Power.” Politics & Gender 4(4): 623–634. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Masood, Tooba
2019 “Women Are Battling a Spike in Online Threats after the Aurat March, but Does Anybody Care?.” Dawn Images, March 19.Google Scholar
Moghadam, Valentine M.
2015 “Transnational Feminist Activism and Movement Building.” In The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Feminist Movements, edited by Rawwida Baksh and Wendy Harcourt, 53–81. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Naz, Rukhshanda, and Hassan Nasir Mirbahar
2018 “Making Gender Quotas Meaningful.” Heinrich Boll Stiftung Pakistan https://​pk​.boell​.org​/sites​/default​/files​/making​_gender​_quotas​_meanigful​_final​.pdf
Neo TV Network
2019 “Harf e Raaz with Orya Maqbool Jan.” Neo TV Network Official. YouTube.Google Scholar
2020 “11:45 / 14:22 Khalil Ul Rehman Qamar Aur Marvi Sarmad Main Garma Garmi.” Neo TV Network Official. YouTube video.Google Scholar
Newsweek Pakistan
2020 “Aurat March 2020 Marred by Violence in Islamabad.” Newsweek Pakistan, March 9.Google Scholar
Norris, Pippa
2001Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pundir, Pallavi
2020 “Pakistani Men are Tearing Down Posters of the Annual Women’s March, again.” Vice News, March 3.Google Scholar
Puwar, Nirmal
2004Space Invaders: Race, Gender and Bodies out of Place. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Raheel, Aleena
2019 “Orya Maqbool Claims that it is Men’s Fundamental Right to Send Vulgar Pictures.” Daily Pakistan, March 15.Google Scholar
Rashid, Sohail
2019 “’Stop the Propaganda’: Court Throws out Petition against Aurat March.” Samaa TV, May 2.Google Scholar
2020 “Islamabad High Court Dismisses Petition to Stop Aurat March.” Samaa TV, March 6.Google Scholar
Roth, Kenneth
2019 “World Report 2019: Rights Trends in Pakistan.” Human Rights Watch, January 17.Google Scholar
Samaa TV
2020 “Maulana Tariq Jamil Ki Khususi Dua PM Imran Khan Live Telethon”. YouTube.Google Scholar
Sevea, Iqbal Singh
2012The Political Philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal: Islam and Nationalism in Late Colonial India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shaheed, Farida
2019 “Maintaining Momentum in Changing Circumstances.” Journal of International Affairs 72(2): 159–172.Google Scholar
Shahid, KK.
2020 “Tariq Jameel’s Anti-Women Remarks Bring Clergy’s Misogynistic Streak into Focus.” Pakistan Today, April 28.Google Scholar
Srivastav, Moulshree
2019 “Pak Men Retaliate with a ‘Mard March’ Holding Ridiculous Posters and Shameless Slogans.” Youth Ki Awaaz, March 30.Google Scholar
UN General Assembly
1993 “Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women.” https://​www​.ohchr​.org​/en​/professionalinterest​/pages​/violenceagainstwomen​.aspx
UN Women
2014 “Violence against Women in Politics: A Study Conducted in India, Nepal and Pakistan.” Delhi: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women. https://​un​.info​.np​/Net​/NeoDocs​/View​/2548
Unger, Johann, Ruth Wodak, and Majid KhosraviNik
2016 “Critical Discourse Studies and Social Media Data.” In Qualitative Research, edited by David Silverman, 277–293. London: Sage.Google Scholar
van Dijk, Teun A.
1993 “Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis.” Discourse & Society 4(2): 249–283. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van Leeuwen, Theo, and Ruth Wodak
1999 “Legitimizing Immigration Control: A Discourse-Historical Analysis.” Discourse Studies 1(1): 83–118. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wadell, Kaveh
2017 “The Exhausting Work of Tallying America’s Largest Protest.” The Atlantic, January 23.Google Scholar
Wardhaugh, Ronald
2011An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. 6th Edition. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
White, Lucie E.
1990 “Subordination, Rhetorical Survival Skills, and Sunday Shoes: Notes on the Hearing of Mrs. G.” Buff. L. Rev. 38:1, Art. 3.Google Scholar
Wodak, Ruth
2002 “Fragmented Identities Redefining and Recontextualizing.” In Politics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse, edited by Paul Chilton and Christina Schäffner, 143–169. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wolkowitz, Carol
1987 “Controlling Women’s Access to Political Power: A Case Study in Andhra Pradesh, India.” In Women, State and Ideology, edited by Haleh Afshar, 205–225. London: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
World Economic Forum
2020 “The Global Gender Gap Report 2020”. http://​www3​.weforum​.org​/docs​/WEF​_GGGR​_2020​.pdf
Youngs, Gillian
2015 “Digital Transformations of Transnational Feminism in Theory and Practice.” In The Oxford Handbook of Transnational Feminist Movements, edited by Rawwida Baksh and Wendy Harcourt, 284–297. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Zahra-Malik, Mehreen
2019 “Pakistan Torn as Women’s Day March Sparks Wave of ‘Masculine Anxiety’.” The Guardian, March 15, 2019. https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/world​/2019​/mar​/15​/pakistan​-torn​-as​-womens​-day​-march​-sparks​-wave​-of​-masculine​-anxiety.
Zehra, Ailia
2019 “If you Think Divorced Women Can’t Be Happy, you are Part of the Problem.” Naya Daur, November 1.Google Scholar
Zhao, Sumin, Emilia Djonov, Anders Björkvall, and Morten Boeriis
(eds) 2017Advancing Multimodal and Critical Discourse Studies: Interdisciplinary Research Inspired by Theo van Leeuwen’s Social Semiotics. London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 2 other publications

Kopytowska, Monika
2021. Xenophobia, misogyny and rape culture. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 9:1  pp. 76 ff. Crossref logo
Pérez-Arredondo, Carolina & Eduardo Graells-Garrido
2021. Twitter and abortion. Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 9:1  pp. 127 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.