Article published in:Linguistic Theory and South Asian Languages: Essays in honour of K. A. Jayaseelan
Edited by Josef Bayer, Tanmoy Bhattacharya and M.T. Hany Babu
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 102] 2007
► pp. 175–198
Word Order, Parameters, and the Extended COMP Projection
The structure of finite CP shows some unexpected syntactic variation in the marking of finite subordinate clauses in the Indic languages, which otherwise are strongly head-final. Languages with relative pronouns also have initial complementizers and conjunctions. Languages with final yes/no question markers allow final complementizers, either demonstratives or quotative participles. These properties define three classes, one with only final CP heads (Sinhala), one with only initial CP heads (Hindi, Punjabi, Kashmiri) and others with both possibilities. The lexical differences of final vs initial CP heads argue for expanding the CP projection into a number of specialized projections, whose heads are all final (Sinhala), all initial, or mixed. These projections explain the systematic variation in finite CPs in the Indic languages, with the exception of some additional restrictions and anomalies in the Eastern group.
Published online: 16 May 2007
Cited by 3 other publications
Biberauer, Theresa, Anders Holmberg & Ian Roberts
Biberauer, Theresa & Michelle Sheehan
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