Article published in:Morphosyntactic Categories and the Expression of Possession
Edited by Kersti Börjars, David Denison and Alan K. Scott
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 199] 2013
► pp. 291–322
Possessive clitics and ezafe in Urdu
In this paper we compare two ways of expressing possession in the Indo-Aryan language Urdu. While the genitive case marker can be analyzed as a clitic in a relatively straightforward way, the ezafe construction poses a challenge when it comes to its classification as either a phrasal affix or clitic. Samvelian (2007) analyzes Persian ezafe as a phrasal affix that is generated within the morphological component, rejecting a postlexical analysis. After taking a look at the data for both constructions, we challenge Samvelian’s view of ezafe and explore the possibilities for the interplay of phonology, morphology and syntax to resolve the tension between the lexical/affixal properties of clitics and their behavior as an independent syntactic item. In addition to the syntactic representation, we invoke postlexical prosodic phonology to cover all the properties of clitics in general and ezafe in particular. Thus, we show that it is not necessary to distinguish between phrasal affixes and clitics.
Published online: 30 January 2013
Cited by other publications
Kaleem, Mohammed, James D. O'Shea & Keeley A. Crockett
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