Article published in:The Lexicon–Syntax Interface: Perspectives from South Asian languages
Edited by Pritha Chandra and Richa Srishti
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 209] 2014
► pp. 171–196
Middles in the syntax
It is well-known that while some languages mark middles and passives similarly, some others mark them differently. Researchers opine that this difference may ensue from the loci of middle generation; they can be generated either in the lexicon or in the syntax. I present some problems with the two-modular approach and propose a syntactic analysis for all middles, with the differences emanating from the choice of the non-active voice head. Languages like Hindi-Urdu which choose a middle non-active voice head fail to project a higher aspectual head hosting an external argument. The truncated structure makes the middles different from passives, in both morphological form and syntactic behavior.
Keywords: Aspect, Middles, Passives, Two-modular Approach, Voice
Published online: 25 March 2014
Alexiadou, Artemis & Doron, Edit
2007 The syntactic construction of two non-active voices: Passive and middle. Paper presented at GLOW XXX Workshop: Global Selective Comparison , University of Tromso.
Baker, Mark, Johnson, Kyle & Roberts, Ian
Bhatt, Rajesh & Embick, David
2003 Causative derivations in Hindi. http://people.umass.edu/bhatt/papers/bhatt-embick-caus.pdf (2003)
Chandra, Pritha & Sahoo, Anindita
Gropen, Jess, Pinker, Steven, Hollande, Michelle & Goldberg, Richard
Hoekstra, Teun & Roberts, Ian
Reinhart, Tanya & Siloni, Tal
Sahoo, Anindita. In progress
Passives in South Asian Languages: A Comparative Study. PhD Dissertation, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi.
2011 On instances of causative/passive homonymy. http://schulzewolfgang.de/material/causative%20and%20passive.pdf (2011)
Tsimpli, Ianthi M.