In this tutorial, I introduce methods to implement morphomes (i.e., systematisc patterns of unnatural syncretism, Aronoff 1994) in Distributed Morphology (DM, Halle & Marantz 1993). Whereas proponents of DM have virtually completely ignored the morphome concept, I show that the theory provides a crucial formal mechanism to transfer morphomes into a postsyntactic setting: “parasitic” morphological features which are not interpretable by syntax, but depend in their distribution on other features. I discuss two canonical methods in DM to make such features available to morphological spellout, postsyntactic rules, and decomposition of syntactic features, and show that parasitic features allow for a formalization of the classical morphome cases and for capturing restrictions imposed by morphomic categories on specific morphological systems.
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1998Voice systems and the syntax/morphology interface. In Papers from the UPenn/MIT Roundtable on Argument Structure and Aspect [MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 34], Heidi Harley (ed.), 41–72. Cambridge MA: MITWPL.
2000Features, syntax, and categories in the Latin perfect. Linguistic Inquiry 31(4): 185–230.
2010Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
2013Morphemes and morphophonological loci. In Distributed Morphology Today: Morphemes for Morris Halle, Alec Marantz & Ora Matushansky (eds), 151–166. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
2015On the distribution of stem alternants: Separation and its limits. In The Morphome Debate: Diagnosing and Analyzing Morphomic Patterns, Ricardo Bermudez Otero & Ana Luis (eds). Oxford: OUP.
2002Syncretism, impoverishment, and the structure of person features. In Papers from the 2002, Chicago Linguistic Society Meeting [CLS 38], Mary Andronis, Erin Debenport, Anne Pycha & Keiko Yoshimura (eds), 207–222. Chicago IL: CLS.
Halle, Morris & Marantz, Alec
1993Distributed Morphology and the pieces of inflection. In The View from Building 20. Essays in Linguistics in Honor of Sylvain Bromberger, Kenneth Hale & S. Jay Keyser (eds), 111–176. Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.
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1994Some key features of Distributed Morphology. In Papers on Phonology and Morphology [MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 21], Andrew Carnie & Heidi Harley (eds), 275–288. Cambridge MA: MITWPL.
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1998Theoretical aspects of Indo-European nominal morphology: The nominal declensions of Latin and Armenian. In Mir Curad: Studies in Honor of Clavert Watkins, Jay Jasanoff, H. Craig Melchert & Lisi Olivier (eds), 223–240. Innsbruck: Innsbrucker Beitraege zur Sprachwissenschaft.
2006Person hierarchies and geometries without hierarchies or geometries. Handout of a talk at the University of Toronto Colloquium, October 20.
2011Valence and atomic number. Linguistic Inquiry 42(4): 561–594.
2008When is a syncretism more than a syncretism? Impoverishment, metasyncretism and underspecification. In Phi-theory: Phi-Features across Modules and Interfaces, Daniel Harbour, David Adger & Susana Béjar (eds), 251–294. Oxford: OUP.
Harley, Heidi & Noyer, Rolf
1998Licensing in the non-lexicalist lexicon: Nominalizations, vocabulary items and the encyclopedia. In Papers from the Roundtable on Argument Structure and Aspect [MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 32], Heidi Harley (ed.), 119–137. Cambridge MA: MITWPL.
2002A feature-geometric analysis of person and number. Language 78(3): 482–526.
2014Gender in Amharic: A morphosyntactic approach to natural and grammatical gender. Language Sciences 43: 102–115.
2005Morphological autonomy and diachrony. In Yearbook of Morphology 2004, Geert Booij & Jaap van Marle (eds), 137–175. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
1991Case and licensing. In Proceedings of ESCOL ‘91, German Westphal, Benjamin Ao & Hee- Rahk Chae (eds), 234–253. Ithaca NY: Cornell Linguistics Club.
Matthews, Peter H
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2008A review of “The Syntax-Morphology Interface. A Study of Syncretism” by Matthew Baerman, Dunstan Brown & Greville G. Corbett. Word Structure 1(2): 199–232.
Neeleman, Ad & Szendröi, Kriszta
2007Radical pro drop and the morphology of pronouns. Linguistic Inquiry 38(4): 671–714.
2007The representation of third person and its consequences for person-case effects. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 25(2): 273–313.
2011aMarked triggers vs. marked targets and impoverishment of the dual. Linguistic Inquiry 42: 413–444.
2011bMultiple agree with clitics: Person complementarity vs. omnivorous number. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 29(4): 939–971.
Nevins, Andrew & Rodrigues, Cilene
2013Naturalness biases, morphomes, and the romance first person singular. In The Morphome Debate: Diagnosing and Analysing Morphomic Patterns (forthcoming), Ricardo Bermudez Otero & Ana Luis (eds), Oxford: OUP.
1992Features, Positions and Affixes in Autonomous Morphological Structure. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
1998Impoverishment Theory and morphosyntactic markedness. In Morphology and its Relation to Phonology and Syntax, Diane K. Brentari, Steven G. Lapointe & Patrick M. Farrell (eds), 264–286. Stanford CA: CSLI.
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1990Mathematical Methods in Linguistics. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
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2002Prolog and Natural Language Analysis. Brookline MA: Microtome Publishing.
2011Grounding systematic syncretism in learning. Linguistic Inquiry 42(2): 225–266.
2010On Location: The Structure of Case and Adpositions. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut.
Spencer, Andrew & Sadler, Louisa
2001Syntax as an exponent of morphological features. In Yearbook of Morphology 2000, Gert Booij & Jaap van Marle (eds), 71–96. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
2005Nanosyntax. Seminar taught at CASTL, University of Tromsø.
2009Nanosyntax. A short primer to a new approach to language. In Nordlyd 36: Special Issue on Nanosyntax, Peter Svenonius, Gillian Ramchand, Michal Starke & Tarald Taraldsen (eds), 1–6. Tromsø: University of Tromsø.
2010Constraint interactions derive morphomic identity. Talk at the Workshop ‘Perspectives on the Morphome’, Coimbra, October 29–30.
1999Morphology consuming syntax’ resources: Generation and parsing in a minimalist version of Distributed Morphology. In
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2002The post-syntactic morphology of the Albanian preposed article: Evidence for Distributed Morphology. Balkanistica 15: 349–364.
2003aDistributed Optimality. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Potsdam.
2003bFeature (non-)insertion in a minimalist approach to spellout. Proceedings of CLS 39: 469–480.
2003cHungarian has no portmanteau agreement. In Approaches to Hungarian 9, Peter Siptár & Christopher Pinón (eds), 283–302. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.
2005Die formale Repräsentation von Markierheit in der Flexion des Deutschen. Talk given at the Köln Linguistic Circle, December. [URL]
2006Direction marking and case in Menominee. In Case, Valence and Transitivity [Studies in Language Companion Series 77], Leonid Kulikov, Andrej Malchukov & Peter de Swart (eds), 91–114. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
2008aA feature-geometric approach to Amharic verb classes. In Inflectional Identity, Asaf Bachrach & Andrew Nevins (eds), 206–236. Oxford: OUP.
2008bThird-person marking in Menominee. In Phi-theory: Phi-Features across Modules and Interfaces, Daniel Harbour, Susanna Béjar & David Adger (eds), 221–250. Oxford: OUP.
2011Measuring morphological canonicity. In Internal and External Boundaries of Morphology, Gregor Perko (ed.), Linguistica 51: 157–179.
2003A minimalist view on inflectional paradigms: The expression of person and number in subjects and objects. Ms, Universität Düsseldorf. [URL]
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2022. The structural underpinnings of multifunctionality and syncretism in non-finite forms in Irish. Folia Linguistica 0:0
Christopoulos, Christos & Stanislao Zompì
2022. Taking the nominative (back) out of the accusative. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory
Dolatian, Hossep & Peter Guekguezian
2022. Derivational timing of morphomes: canonicity and rule ordering in the Armenian aorist stem. Morphology 32:3 ► pp. 317 ff.
2019. Manufacturing consent over Distributed Morphology. Word Structure 12:2 ► pp. 208 ff.
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