Chapter published in:Contrastive Studies in Verbal Valency
Edited by Lars Hellan, Andrej L. Malchukov and Michela Cennamo
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 237] 2017
► pp. 152–174
Non-canonical valency patterns in Basque, variation and evolution
In Standard Basque and in most present-day dialects, coding frames that were exceptional in Old Basque are attested by a sizeable proportion of the verbal lexicon, which results in a system characterized by a typologically uncommon type of split intransitivity. In this paper, we discuss the factors that may have played a role in the expansion of ergative encoding and more specifically of the coding frames <erg> and <erg, dat>, which originally were clearly non-canonical. We argue that the situation observed in present-day Basque implies a change in the constraints underlying the organization of the valency properties of Basque verbs or in their relative ranking.
Published online: 30 April 2017
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