This article shows that the pronominal system of Paraguayan Guaraní provides evidence that 3p (null) possessor pronouns behave differently from 1p and 2p (overt) possessor pronouns and argues that this difference can be captured by a conjunction of hypotheses, namely, that the 3p possessor pronoun in Paraguayan Guaraní is negatively specified for Person feature and that its syntax is crucially different from that of 1p and 2p possessor pronouns. The null possessor pronoun is an nP (not a DP) that receives its interpretation via local binding. We furthermore argue that all inalienable possessor pronouns in Paraguayan Guaraní originate as an nP and that 1p and 2p pronouns must sideward-merge with a D and then merge as specifiers of higher heads (either in the nominal or verbal domain) to be syntactically realized as full DPs. We extend the analysis proposed for inalienable possessors to a certain class of transitive verbs (known as triforme verbs) as well as to nominal possessor constructions.
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1971The nature of pronouns. In Problems in General Linguistics, Emile Benveniste (ed.), 217–222. Coral Gables FL: University of Miami Press.
2001Syntax at the Edge: Cross-clausal Phenomena and the Syntax of Passamaquoddy. PhD dissertation, MIT.
2005The Algonquian Inverse is Syntactic: Binding in Passamaquoddy. Ms, University of Delaware.
Déchaine, Rose-Marie & Wiltschko, Martina
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2017On the Formalization of Person-Alignment: The Case of Paraguayan Guaraní and Beyond. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory.
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Sonnenhauser, Barbara & Paul Widmer
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[no author supplied]
2022. Copyright Page. In Angles of Object Agreement, ► pp. iv ff.
[no author supplied]
2022. List of abbreviations. In Angles of Object Agreement, ► pp. viii ff.
[no author supplied]
2022. General preface. In Angles of Object Agreement, ► pp. vii ff.
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