Syntactic Aspects of Topic and Comment

Author
André Meinunger | Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027227591 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556199899 (USA) | USD 165.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027299185 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
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The book focuses on the syntactic behavior of argument noun phrases depending on their discourse status. The main language of consideration is German, but it is shown that the observations can be carried over to other languages. The claim is that discourse-new arguments remain inside the VP where they are base generated. The hierarchy of argument projection is claimed to be fix within and across languages. With the major attention to direct objects it is then argued that discourse-old, here called topical noun phrases undergo raising to agreement projections. This movement can be realized differently: scrambling, object agreement, clitic-doubling, differences in morphological case and stress pattern turn out to be analyzable as one underlying phenomenon. It is furthermore shown that many so-called subject:object asymmetries boil down to topic:non-topic differences, for example with respect to extraction. Thus, irrespectively of the argumental status discourse-new constituents do not act as barriers whereas topical arguments create (weak) islands.
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today, 38] 2000.  xii, 245 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Cited by

Cited by 22 other publications

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2018. Constraints on Argument Linearization in German. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 3:1 DOI logo
Guijarro, Arsenio Jesús Moya
2005. The introduction of topics in two discourse genres. <i>WORD</i> 56:2  pp. 201 ff. DOI logo
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2020. Case in Germanic. In The Cambridge Handbook of Germanic Linguistics,  pp. 282 ff. DOI logo
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2008. Using patterns of thematic progression for building a table of contents of a text. Natural Language Engineering 14:2  pp. 145 ff. DOI logo
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2002. Focus and antifocus in Modern Afrikaans and West Germanic. Linguistics 40:6 DOI logo
Nakipoğlu, Mine
2019. Towards a Model of the Relation Between Prosodic Structure and Object Displacement in Turkish. In Word Order in Turkish [Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 97],  pp. 261 ff. DOI logo
Neeleman, Ad & Hans van de Koot
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2016. A Computational Evaluation of Sentence Processing Deficits in Aphasia. Cognitive Science 40:1  pp. 5 ff. DOI logo
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Resi, Rossella
Sauermann, Antje & Barbara Höhle
2018. Word order in German child language and child-directed speech: A corpus analysis on the ordering of double objects in the German middlefield. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 3:1 DOI logo
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Struckmeier, Volker
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Störzer, Melanie & Britta Stolterfoht
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Tanaka, Tomoyuki & Azusa Yokogoshi
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Subjects

Main BIC Subject

CF: Linguistics

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  00064205 | Marc record