Delayed grammatical acquisition in first language development
Subject-verb inversion and subject clitics in French interrogatives
Jürgen M. Meisel | Department of Linguistics2500 University Drive N.W.Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, CanadaE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Martin Elsig | Institute for Romance Languages and LiteraturesGrueneburgplatz 1D-60323 Frankfurt (Main), Germany
Matthias Bonnesen | Centre for Lifelong LearningVogt-Kölln-Straße 30, Haus ED-22527 Hamburg, Germany
Recent research comparing simultaneous and successive acquisition of bilingualism suggests that successive acquisition is affected by age-related changes possibly as early as age (of onset of acquisition) 3–4. Since children are typically exposed to colloquial varieties, the primary linguistic data can lack properties of formal varieties during early years. If, however, the acquisition of a given property is delayed until age 5 or later, the acquired knowledge may rather resemble that of L2 learners.This happens in the acquisition of French interrogatives where certain inversion constructions do not occur in Colloquial French. Native speakers acquire them after the age of 5, and they behave like L2 learners in using or judging them. A grammaticality judgment test reveals a broad range of variability in their ratings of constructions which are ungrammatical in Standard French. Their grammar is afflicted by the kind of persistent optionality familiar from L2 acquisition.
Keywords: age of onset of acquisition, child L2 acquisition, delayed acquisition, French, optionality, grammaticality judgment, subject-verb inversion
- 2.French interrogatives in colloquial language and in child language
- 2.1Inversion in colloquial French
- 2.2Child-directed speech
- 2.3Child language
- 2.4Characteristics of colloquial French and of early child language
- 3.Two (or more) distinct grammars of French: Colloquial and standard French
- 3.Acquiring more than one grammar of French
- 4.Second language features of a native language knowledge system?
- 5.Discussion and conclusions
Published online: 25 October 2011
Alexiadou, A., & Anagnostopoulou, E
(1996) Subject-clitic inversion in Romance: A morphological analysis. In C. Parodi, C. Quicoli, M. Saltarelli & M.L. Zubizarreta (Eds.), Aspects of Romance Linguistics. Selected Papers from the Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages XXIV (March 10–13, 1994) (pp. 23–40). Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
(2005) Der Erwerb der linken Satzperipherie bei Französisch/Deutsch bilingual aufwachsenden Kindern. Doctoral dissertation, University of Hamburg.
Bonnesen, M., & Meisel, J. M
(1997) Wh-in-situ phenomena in French. MA dissertation, University of British Columbia.
Elsig, M., & Poplack, S
Friedemann, M. A
Kaiser, G., & Meisel, J. M
Kato, M., Cyrino, S., & Corrêa, V. R
Kayne, R. S
Kayne, R. S ., & Pollock, J. Y
Kayne, R. S., & Pollock, J. Y
Koch, P., & Oesterreicher, W
Le Querler, N
Meisel, J. M
Meisel, J. M., Clahsen, H., & Pienemann, M
(1978) Impersonal passives and the unaccusative hypothesis. In J.J. Jaeger, A.C. Woodbury, F. Ackerman, C. Chiarello, O.D. Gensler, J. Kingston, E.E. Sweetser, H. Thompson & K.W. Whitler (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp. 157–189). Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
Pires, A., & Rothman, J
Rowlett, P. A.
Under revision. The significance of word order in the early absence of the French negative marker ne: a reply to Martineau. In R. Ingham & P. Larrivée Eds. Cycles of Grammaticalization Under consideration by Mouton de Gruyter (New York, Berlin)
Stowell, T. A
Suppes, P., Smith, R., & Leveillé, M
Valois, D., & Dupuis, F
Vinet, M. T
Cited by 16 other publications
BALON, LAURENT & PIERRE LARRIVÉE
Biberauer, Theresa & Ian Roberts
Chilla, Solveig, Cornelia Hamann, Philippe Prévost, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Sandrine Ferré, Christophe dos Santos, Racha Zebib & Laurice Tuller
Dudley, Amber & Roumyana Slabakova
FLORES, CRISTINA, ANA LÚCIA SANTOS, ALICE JESUS & RUI MARQUES
Larrivée, Pierre, Marie Skrovec, F. Neveu, G. Bergounioux, M.-H. Côté, J.-M. Fournier, L. Hriba & S. Prévost
MEISEL, JÜRGEN M.
Meisel, Jürgen M.
Rothman, Jason & Roumyana Slabakova
Slabakova, R., T. L. Leal & J. Liskin-Gasparro
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 23 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.