Article published In:
Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism
Vol. 11:6 (2021) ► pp.873908
Austin, J.
(2007) Grammatical interference and the acquisition of ergative case in bilingual children learning Basque and Spanish. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 10(3), 315–331. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bates, E., & MacWhinney, B.
(1989) Functionalism and the competition model. The crosslinguistic study of sentence processing, 31, 73–112.Google Scholar
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S.
(2015) lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 11.1–7. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bernardini, P., & Schlyter, S.
(2004) Growing syntactic structure and code-mixing in the weaker language: The Ivy Hypothesis. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 7(1), 49–69. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Binks, H. L., & Thomas, E. M.
(2019) Long-term outcomes for bilinguals in minority language contexts: Welsh–English teenagers’ performance on measures of grammatical gender and plural morphology in Welsh. Applied Psycholinguistics, 40(4), 1019–1049. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Boix-Fuster, E., & Sanz, C.
(2008) Language and identity in Catalonia. In M. Niño-Murcia & J. Rothman (eds.), Bilingualism and identity: Spanish at the crossroads with other languages (pp. 87–106). John Benjamins Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bosch, L., & Sebastián-Gallés, N.
(2001) Evidence of early language discrimination abilities in infants from bilingual environments. Infancy, 2(1), 29–49. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bybee, J.
(2008) Usage-based grammar and second language acquisition. In P. Robinson & N. Ellis (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive linguistics and second language acquisition (pp. 226–246). New York/London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Cook, V.
(2013) Multicompetence. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp. 3768–3774). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
De Houwer, A.
(1995) Bilingual language acquisition. In B. MacWhinney & P. Fletcher (Eds.), The handbook of child language (pp. 219–250). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.Google Scholar
(1991) Decret 244/1991. Retrieved from: [URL]
Döpke, S.
(2000) Generation of and retraction from cross-linguistically motivated structures in bilingual first language acquisition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3(3), 209–226. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ezeizabarrena, M. J.
(2012) The (in)consistent ergative marking in early Basque: L1 vs. child L2. Lingua, 122(3), 303–317. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gathercole, V. C. M.
(2007) Miami and North Wales, so far and yet so near: A constructivist account of morphosyntactic development in bilingual children. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 10(3), 224–247. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gathercole, V. C. M., & Thomas, E. M.
(2005) Minority language survival: Input factors influencing the acquisition of Welsh. In Cohen, J., McAlister, K. T., Rolstad, K., & MacSwan, J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism (pp. 852–874). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
(2009) Bilingual first-language development: Dominant language takeover, threatened minority language takeup. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 12(2), 213–237. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gavarró, A., Guasti, M. T., Tuller, L., Prévost, P., Belletti, A., Cilibrasi, L., & Vernice, M.
(2011) The acquisition of partitive clitics in Romance five-year-olds. Iberia: An International Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 3(2), 1–19.Google Scholar
Gavarró, A., Mata, M., & Ribera, E.
(2006) L’omissió dels clítics d’objecte i partitius en el català infantil: dades espontànies. In C. D. Pusch (Ed.), La gramàtica pronominal del català: variació–evolució–funció (pp. 27–46). Aachen: Shaker.Google Scholar
Generalitat de Catalunya
(1998) Llei 1/1998, de 7 de gener, de política lingüística. Retrieved from: [URL]
(2017) Baròmetre d’opinió política. Retrieved from: [URL]
Hosmer, D. W., Lemeshow, S., & Sturdivant, R. X.
(2013) Applied logistic regression (Vol. 398). John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Hualde, J. I.
(2005) The Sounds of Spanish. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hulk, A. C. J. & Cornips, L.
(2006) Neuter gender determiners and interface vulnerability in child L2 Dutch. In S. Unsworth, T. Parodi, A. Sorace, & M. Young-Scholten (Eds.), Paths of Development in L1 and L2 Acquisition. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hulk, A., & Müller, N.
(2000) Bilingual first language acquisition at the interface between syntax and pragmatics. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3(3), 227–244. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hyltenstam, K., & Abrahamsson, N.
(2003) Maturational constraints in SLA. In C. Doughty, & M. H. Long (Eds.), The handbook of second language acquisition (pp. 538–588). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013) Indicadors de cultura i llengua per àmbits del pla territorial. Retrieved from [URL]
(2019) Estimacions de població. Retrieved from [URL]
Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M.
(2008) Children’s first language acquisition from a usage-based perspective. In P. Robinson & N. Ellis (Eds.), Handbook of cognitive linguistics and second language acquisition (pp. 168–196). New York/London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Meisel, J. M.
(2009) Second language acquisition in early childhood. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 28(1), 5–34. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2008) Incomplete acquisition in bilingualism: Re-examining the age factor. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2016) The acquisition of heritage languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Montrul, S., & Sánchez-Walker, N.
(2013) Differential object marking in child and adult Spanish heritage speakers. Language Acquisition, 20(2), 109–132. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Nic Fhlannchadha, S., & Hickey, T. M.
(2017) Acquiring an opaque gender system in Irish, an endangered indigenous language. First Language, 37(5), 475–499. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Olsson, Å., & Sullivan, K. P.
(2005) Provoking dominance shift in a bilingual Swedish- American English 4-year-old child. In J. Cohen, K. T. McAlister, K. Rolstad, & J. MacSwan (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism (pp. 1750–1764). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
(2019) English Second Language Acquisition from Early Childhood to Adulthood: The Role of Age, First Language, Cognitive and Input Factors. In BUCLD 43 Proceedings. Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Pérez-Leroux, A. T., Pirvulescu, M., & Roberge, Y.
(2017) Direct objects and language acquisition (Vol. 1521). Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Perpiñán, S.
(2017) Catalan-Spanish bilingualism continuum. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 7(5), 477–513. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pirvulescu, M.
(2006) Theoretical implications of object clitic omission in early French: spontaneous vs. elicited production. Catalan Journal of Linguistics, 5(1), 221–236. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Place, S., & Hoff, E.
(2011) Properties of dual language exposure that influence 2-year-olds’ bilingual proficiency. Child Development, 82(6), 1834–1849. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Puig-Mayenco, E., Cunnings, I., Bayram, F., Miller, D., Tubau, S., & Rothman, J.
(2018) Language Dominance Affects Bilingual Performance and Processing Outcomes in Adulthood. Frontiers in Psychology, 91. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Putnam, M. T., & Sánchez, L.
Ramon-Casas, M., Swingley, D., Sebastián-Gallés, N., & Bosch, L.
(2009) Vowel categorization during word recognition in bilingual toddlers. Cognitive Psychology, 59(1), 96–121. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sanz i Alcalà, C. S.
(1991) Diglòssia a Catalunya?: Teoria i realitat als anys seixanta i actualment. Sintagma: revista de lingüística, 31, 49–61.Google Scholar
Schmid, M. S., & Köpke, B.
(2017) The relevance of first language attrition to theories of bilingual development. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 7(6), 637–667. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Silva-Corvalán, C.
(2018) Bilingual acquisition Difference or incompleteness? In N. L. Shin & D. Erker (Eds.), Questioning Theoretical Primitives in Linguistic Inquiry (pp. 245–268). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Silva-Corvalán, C., & Treffers-Daller, J.
(2016) Digging into dominance: A closer look at language dominance in bilinguals. In J. Treffers-Daller & C. Silva-Corvalán (Eds.), Language Dominance in Bilinguals. Issues of Measurement and Operationalization (pp. 1–14). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sleeman, A. P.
(1996) Licensing empty nouns in French. The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.Google Scholar
Snyder, W., Senghas, A., & Inman, K.
(2001) Agreement morphology and the acquisition of noun-drop in Spanish. Language Acquisition, 9(2), 157–173. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sorace, A.
(2005) Selective optionality in language development. In L. Cornips & K. Corrigan (Eds.), Syntax and variation: Reconciling the biological and the social (pp. 55–80). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Spanish Constitution, art. 3
(1978) Retrieved from: [URL]
Tarrés, M. and Bel, A.
(2017) Optionality in sequential bilingualism. Production of Catalan adverbial clitics by children of different L1s. Presented at 2017 IASCL Conference.
Thomas, E. M., Williams, N., Jones, L. A., Davies, S., & Binks, H.
(2014) Acquiring complex structures under minority language conditions: Bilingual acquisition of plural morphology in Welsh. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 17(3), 478–494. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thordardottir, E.
(2014) The typical development of simultaneous bilinguals. In T. Grüter & J. Paradis (Eds.), Input and experience in bilingual development (pp. 141–161). Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tsimpli, I. M.
(2014) Early, late or very late?: Timing acquisition and bilingualism. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 4(3), 283–313. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Unsworth, S.
(2013a) Current issues in multilingual first language acquisition. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 331, 21–50. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013b) Assessing the role of current and cumulative exposure in simultaneous bilingual acquisition: The case of Dutch gender. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(1), 86–110. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2016) Quantity and quality of language input in bilingual language development. In Nicoladis, E., & Montanari, S. (Eds.), Bilingualism across the lifespan: factors moderating language proficiency (pp. 103–122). New York; Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Valois, D., & Royle, P.
(2009) Partitivity, atomization, and Noun-Drop: A longitudinal study of French child language. Language Acquisition, 16(2), 82–105. DOI logoGoogle Scholar