This study investigates the phonetic production of Spanish-English insertional code-switches, constituents of an embedded language inserted within a discourse of a matrix language. While previous research on the phonetics of codeswitching has focused exclusively on the segmental properties, the current study provides a detailed examination of the suprasegmental features of code-switched tokens, including pitch height and duration. Code-switched productions are compared with non-code-switched tokens, and results indicate that insertional code-switched tokens are produced with a degree of hyper-articulation, evidenced by an increase in pitch height and duration. The results are discussed within Hyper- and Hypo-articulation Theory, drawing on the notion of a decreased local probability incurred by insertional code-switches.
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Cited by 14 other publications
2018. Asymmetrical interlingual influence in the production of Spanish and English laterals as a result of competing activation in bilingual language processing. Journal of Phonetics 69 ► pp. 12 ff.
Balukas, Colleen & Christian Koops
2015. Spanish-English bilingual voice onset time in spontaneous code-switching. International Journal of Bilingualism 19:4 ► pp. 423 ff.
Brown, Esther L.
2015. The role of discourse context frequency in phonological variation: A usage-based approach to bilingual speech production. International Journal of Bilingualism 19:4 ► pp. 387 ff.
de Prada Pérez, Ana
2018. Subject pronoun expression and language mode in bilingual Spanish
. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 11:2 ► pp. 303 ff.
Elias, Vanessa, Sean McKinnon & Ángel Milla-Muñoz
2017. The Effects of Code-Switching and Lexical Stress on Vowel Quality and Duration of Heritage Speakers of Spanish. Languages 2:4 ► pp. 29 ff.
2022. Bilinguals have a single computational system but two compartmentalized phonological grammars: Evidence from code-switching. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 6:1
Muldner, Kasia, Leah Hoiting, Leyna Sanger, Lev Blumenfeld & Ida Toivonen
2019. The phonetics of code-switched vowels. International Journal of Bilingualism 23:1 ► pp. 37 ff.
Olson, Daniel J
2016. The impact of code-switching, language context, and language dominance on suprasegmental phonetics: Evidence for the role of predictability. International Journal of Bilingualism 20:4 ► pp. 453 ff.
Olson, Daniel J.
2013. Bilingual language switching and selection at the phonetic level: Asymmetrical transfer in VOT production. Journal of Phonetics 41:6 ► pp. 407 ff.
OLSON, DANIEL J.
2016. The gradient effect of context on language switching and lexical access in bilingual production. Applied Psycholinguistics 37:3 ► pp. 725 ff.
Olson, Daniel J.
2019. Phonological processes across word and language boundaries: Evidence from code-switching. Journal of Phonetics 77 ► pp. 100937 ff.
Reubold, Ulrich, Sanne Ditewig, Robert Mayr & Ineke Mennen
2021. The Effect of Dual Language Activation on L2-Induced Changes in L1 Speech within a Code-Switched Paradigm. Languages 6:3 ► pp. 114 ff.
Schwartz, Geoffrey, Anna Balas & Arkadiusz Rojczyk
2015. Phonological Factors Affecting L1 Phonetic Realization of Proficient Polish Users of English. Research in Language 13:2 ► pp. 180 ff.
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