This study investigates the effects of linear distance and working memory on native and advanced L2 Spanish speakers’ on-line sensitivity to violations of grammatical gender. Using eye-tracking, participants were tested on agreement violations on predicative adjectives located one, four, and seven words away from a controller noun. The results revealed that linear distance influenced both groups’ sensitivity to gender anomalies, albeit at different points on the linear distance continuum. Furthermore, each group’s sensitivity to gender violations emerged at different points in the eye-movement record. The reading span analysis revealed that the advanced learners’ sensitivity to gender errors during first-pass reading was moderated by individual differences in working memory. The results are discussed in light of the Shallow Structure Hypothesis (Clahsen & Felser, 2006b).
Alemán Bañón, José, Robert Fiorentino & Alison Gabriele
2014. Morphosyntactic processing in advanced second language (L2) learners: An event-related potential investigation of the effects of L1–L2 similarity and structural distance. Second Language Research 30:3 ► pp. 275 ff.
Bañón, José Alemán, David Miller & Jason Rothman
2021. EXAMINING THE CONTRIBUTION OF MARKEDNESS TO THE L2 PROCESSING OF SPANISH PERSON AGREEMENT. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 43:4 ► pp. 699 ff.
2017. Hard Rules and Bad Memories: College Learners' Accounts of What Makes Learning German Grammar Difficult. Die Unterrichtspraxis/Teaching German 50:1 ► pp. 1 ff.
2017. Parsing and Working Memory in Bilingual Sentence Processing. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 20:4 ► pp. 659 ff.
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