Chapter published in:The Acquisition of Derivational Morphology: A cross-linguistic perspective
Edited by Veronika Mattes, Sabine Sommer-Lolei, Katharina Korecky-Kröll and Wolfgang U. Dressler
[Language Acquisition and Language Disorders 66] 2021
► pp. 170–195
Acquisition of derivational morphology in Russian
The chapter examines the onset of derivational morphology in the speech production of two Russian boys (aged between 1;5–2;8 and 1;8–3;0). This process involves early nouns, verbs and adjectives built by different derivation methods. Suffixation is typical for nouns and adjectives, whereas new verbs are mostly built by prefixation. Derived verbs and nouns belong to the same grammatical class as the originals and adjectives are formed from nouns. Productive use of derivation was registered several months after the first derivatives occur. The differences between adult-child dyads relate to the set of semantic categories of derived words and the proportion of derivatives belonging to different grammatical classes. Further development of derivation (4;2 to 5;10) in one of the boys was tracked.
Keywords: derivation, nouns, verbs, adjectives, Russian first language acquisition
Published online: 10 November 2021
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