Article published in:
Language and Linguistics
Vol. 20:3 (2019) ► pp. 417450
????

參考文獻

Bielmeier, Roland
2000Syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic-epistemic functions of auxiliaries in Western Tibetan. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 23(2). 79–125.Google Scholar
Chabvgag, Rtamgrin (ཆབ་འགག་རྟ་མགྲིན)
2012 Bodyig Rdoring Zhibvjug བོད་ཡིག་རྡོ་རིང་ཞིབ་འཇུག [A study of inscriptions of Tibetan]. Lhasa: Tibet Nationalities Publishing House.Google Scholar
Chen, Kang (陳康) & Wu, Da (巫達)
1998Yiyu yufa (Nuosuhua) 彝語語法(諾蘇話) [A grammar of Nuosu]. Beijing: Central University for Nationalities Publishing House.Google Scholar
Chen, Jian (陳踐) & Wang, Yao (王堯)
1983Tunhong nas Thonpa’i Gna’bo’i Bodyig Shogdril ཏུན་ཧོང་ནས་ཐོན་པའི་གནའ་བོའི་བོད་ཡིག་ཤོག་དྲིལ [A selection of Tibetan manuscripts from Dunhuang]. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing Press.Google Scholar
Chen, Jian (陳踐)
2013 P.T.1047 hao he IOL Tib J763 hao yang jiagu bu xintan P.T.1047 號和IOL Tib J763號羊胛骨卜新探 [A new study of Old Tibetan divinations with sheep scapulas: P.T.1047 and IOL Tib J763]. Zhongguo Zangxue 中國藏學 [China Tibetology] S1. 3–44.Google Scholar
Dai, Qingxia (戴慶廈)
2012Jingpoyu cankao yufa 景頗語參考語法 [Reference grammar of the Jinghpaw]. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
de Jong, Jan Willem
1989The story of Rāma in Tibet: Text and translation of the Tun-huang manuscripts. Tibetan and Indo-Tibetan Studies 1. 136.Google Scholar
DeLancey, Scott
1985Lhasa Tibetan evidentials and the semantics of causation. Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 11.65–72.Google Scholar
Denwood, Philip
1999Tibetan. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Genetti, Carol E.
1986The development of subordinators from postpositions in Bodic languages. Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 12. 387–400. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1991From postposition to subordinator in Newari. In Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Heine, Bernd (eds.), Approaches to grammaticalization: Volume II. Types of grammatical markers, 227–255. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gong, Qunhu (龔群虎)
2007 Zhabayu yanjiu 扎巴語研究 [A grammar of the Zhaba language]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
'Gos Chos’grub (འགོས་ཆོས་འགྲུབ)
Mdzangsblun མཛངས་བླུན [Wisdom and foolishness]. In Dege Scripture Printing Lamasery (སྡེ་དགེའི་པར་མ།).
Haller, Felix
2000Verbal categories of Shigatse Tibetan and Themchen Tibetan. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 23(2). 175–191.Google Scholar
2004Dialekt und Erzählungen von Themchen: Sprachwissenschaftliche Beschreibung eines Nomadendialektes aus Nord-Amdo [Dialect and folktales from Themchen: Linguistic description of a nomad dialect from north Amdo] (Beiträge zur tibetischen Erzählforschung 14 [Research on Tibetan Languages 14]). Bonn: VGH Wissenschaftsverlag.Google Scholar
Held, Gudrun
1992Politeness in linguistic research. In Watts, Ricahrd J. & Ide, Sachiko & Ehlich, Konrad (eds.), Politeness in language: Studies in its history, theory and practice, 131–153. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Hill, Nathan
2010Personal pronouns in Old Tibetan. Journal Asiatique 298(2). 549–571.Google Scholar
Hong, Bo (洪波)
1991 Jianzhi daici de yuanshi jufa gongneng 兼指代詞的原始句法功能 [The original syntactic function of concurrent demonstrative pronoun]. Guhanyu Yanjiu 古漢語研究 [Research in Ancient Chinese Language] 10. 35–43.Google Scholar
Hongladarom, Krisadawan
2007Evidentiality in Rgyalthang Tibetan. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 30 (2). 17–44.Google Scholar
Hu, Tan (胡坦)
1993 Lasa Zangyu zhong de “shi” zi ju 拉薩藏語中的「是」字句 [The copula verb construction in Lhasa Tibetan]. Xinan Minzu Xueyuan Xuebao (Zangyuwen Yanjiu) 西南民族學院學報(藏語文研究) [Journal of Southwest University for Nationalities: A special issue of the Tibetan Studies]. 88–102.Google Scholar
Huang, Bufan (黃布凡) & Ma, De (馬德)
2000Dunhuang Zangwen Tuboshi wenxian yizhu 敦煌藏文吐蕃史文獻譯注 [Translation and annotations on Dunhuang Tibetan manuscripts about the history of Tubo Period]. Lanzhou: Gansu Education Publishing House.Google Scholar
Huang, Bufan (黃布凡)
2007Lawurongyu yanjiu 拉塢戎語研究 [A grammar of Lavrong Language]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Huang, Chenglong (黃成龍)
2007Puxi Qiangyu yanjiu 蒲溪羌語研究 [Studies on Puxi Qiang]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
2014 Zangyu yu Ximalaya yuyan zhong cunzailei dongci de gainian jiegou 藏語與喜馬拉雅語言中存在類動詞的概念結構 [Conceptual structures of copulas and locative-existential verbs in Tibetan and Himalayan languages]. Yuyan Kexue 語言科學 [Linguistic Sciences] 13(5). 520–534.Google Scholar
Iwao, Kazushi & Hill, Nathan W. & Takeuchi, Tsuguhito
2009Old Tibetan Inscriptions (Old Tibetan Documents Online Monograph Series 2). Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies.Google Scholar
Jacques, Guillaume (向柏霖)
2008Jiarongyu yanjiu 嘉絨語研究 [A study of the rGyalrong language]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Jacques, Guillaume
2013On pre-Tibetan semivowels. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 76(2). 289–300. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jäschke, Heinrich August
1881A Tibetan-English dictionary. London: The Secretary of State for India in Council.Google Scholar
Jiang, Di (江荻)
2005Yiduyu yanjiu 義都語研究 [Studies on Yidu]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Jin, Peng (金鵬)
1958Zangyu Lasa, Rikaze, Changduhua de bijiao yanjiu 藏語拉薩、日喀則、昌都話的比較研究 [Comparative Studies of Lhasa, Gzhiskartse and Chabmdo Tibetan]. Beijing: Science Press.Google Scholar
Jin, Peng (金鵬)
1981 Zangyu Lasahua panduan dongci he cunzai dongci de yongfa 藏語拉薩話判斷動詞和存在動詞的用法 [The grammatical structure of the copula and existential verbs in Lhasa Tibetan]. Xizang Minzu Xueyuan Xuebao 西藏民族學院學報 [Journal of Tibet University for Nationalities] 4. 71–82.Google Scholar
Jin, Peng (金鵬)
1983Zangyu jianzhi 藏語簡志 [Outline of the Tibetan language]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Jones, Eunice
2009Evidentiality and mirativity in Balti. London: SOAS. (Master’s thesis.)Google Scholar
Kitamura, Hajime & Namgyal, Kalsang & Lhawang, Kalsang & Hoshi, Michiyo
1977Glo skad: A material of a Tibetan dialect in the Nepal Himalayas. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa.Google Scholar
Konow, Sten
1909Linguistic survey of India, Volume 3: Tibeto-Burman family, part 1: General introduction, specimens of the Tibetan dialects, the Himalaya dialects, and the North Assam group. Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing, India.Google Scholar
Li, Daqin (李大勤)
2002Gemanyu yanjiu 格曼語研究 [Research on the Geman language]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Michailovsky, Boyd & Mazaudon, Martine
1994Preliminary notes on the languages of the Bumthang group. In Kværne, Per (ed.), Tibetan studies: Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Fagernes 1992, 545–557. Oslo: The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture.Google Scholar
Nishida, Tatsuo (西田龍雄)
1987 Chibettogo no hensen to moji チベット語の変遷と文字 [History of the Tibetan language and its alphabet]. In Nagano, Yasuhiko (長野泰彥) & Tachikawa, Musashi (立川武藏) (eds.), Chibetto no gengo to bunka チベットの言語と文化 [The Tibetan language and culture], 108–169. Tokyo: Tojusha.Google Scholar
Ouyang, Jueya (歐陽覺亞)
(ed.) 1985Luobazu yuyan jianzhi 珞巴族語言簡志 [Outline of Lhopa languages]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Saxena, Anju
1997Aspect and evidential morphology in standard Lhasa Tibetan: A diachronic study. Cahiers de Linguistique-Asia Orientale 26(2). 281–306. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shao, Mingyuan (邵明園)
2014 Anduo Zangyu Arouhua de shizheng fanchou 安多藏語阿柔話的示證範疇 [Evidentiality in A-rig dialect of A-mdo Tibetan]. Tianjin: Universtiy of Nankai. (Doctoral dissertation.)Google Scholar
2016 Zangyuzu xidongci red de yufahua 藏語組系動詞red的語法化 [The grammaticalization of the copula verb “red” in Tibetic languages]. Language and Linguistics 17(5). 679–715.Google Scholar
Simon, Walter
1942Tibetan “tang”, “cing”, “kyin”, “yin”, and” 'am”. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 10(4). 954–975. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Simonsson, Nils
1960Sanskrit “na” and Tibetan “ma-yin”. Orientalia Suecana 9. 11–27.Google Scholar
Skalbzang ‘Gyurmed (格桑居冕) & Skalbzang Dbyangscan (格桑央京)
2002Zangyu fangyan gailun 藏語方言概論 [Outline of Tibetan dialects]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Sumbha Dongrub Tshering (སུམ་བྷ་དོན་གྲུབ་ཚེ་རིང)
2013Bod kyi Yulskad la Dpyadpavi Gtam Mutig Phrengba zhes byaba Bzhugs so བོད་ཀྱི་ཡུལ་སྐད་ལ་དཔྱད་པའི་གཏམ་མུ་ཏིག་ཕྲེང་བ་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་བཞུགས་སོ [Studies of Tibetan dialects]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar
Sun, Hongkai (孫宏開) & Huang, Chenglong (黃成龍) & Brugmo Mtsho (周毛草)
2002Rouruoyu yanjiu 柔若語研究 [Studies on Rouruo]. Beijing: Central University for Nationalities Publishing House.Google Scholar
Suzuki, Hiroyuki (鈴木博之)
2014 Shilun dongfang zangqu Zangyu tuhua de yufa ditu: Yi panduan dongci yu cunzai dongci weili 試論東方藏區藏語土話的語法地圖:以判斷動詞與存在動詞為例 [Analysis of the linguistic geography of Eastern Tibetic languages: Take the copula and existential verbs as an example]. (Paper presented at the 3th International Symposium on Chinese Geographical Linguistics, Foshan, August 7–10 2014.)
Takeuchi, Tsuguhito (武內紹人)
1990 Chibetto-go no jutsubu ni okeru jodōshi no kinō to sono hattatsu kate チベット語の述部における助動詞の機能とその発達過程 [The function of auxiliary verbs in Tibetan predicates and their historical development]. In Sakiyama, Osamu (崎山理) & Sato, Akihiro (佐藤昭裕) (eds.), Asia no syo-gengo to ippann-gengogaku アジアの諸言語と一般言語學 [Asian languages and general linguistics], 6–16. Tokyo: Sanseido. (English version availables in Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines [Journal of Tibetan Studies] 31. 401–415.)Google Scholar
2002 Ki gigun ki kara seika jidai no chibetto go bunsho to chibetto go shiy ō 帰義軍期から西夏時代のチベット語文書とチベット語使用 [The Tibetan language and Tibetan texts from the end of Tibetan domination over East Turkestan through the Tangut period (9th–12th century)]. Tohogaku 東方学 [Eastern Studies] 104. 106–124.Google Scholar
Thomas, Frederick William
1951Tibetan literary texts and documents concerning Chinese Turkestan. vol. 2, London: Royal Asiatic Society.Google Scholar
Toumadre, Nicolas
1991The rhetorical use of the Tibetan ergative. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 14(1). 93–107.Google Scholar
Tournadre, Nicolas & Konchok Jiatso
2001Final auxiliary verbs in literary Tibetan and in the dialects. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 24(1). 49–111.Google Scholar
Tournadre, Nicolas
2008Arguments against the concept of “conjunct”/”disjunct” in Tibetan. In Huber, Brigitte & Volkart, Marianne & Widmer, Paul & Schwieger, Peter (eds.), Chomolangma, Demawend und Kasbek: Festschrift für Roland Bielmeier zu seinem 65 Geburtstag [Qomolangma, Demawend and Kasbek: Commemorative volume for the 65th birthday of Roland Bielmeier], vol. 1, 281–308. Halle (Saale): International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies GmbH.Google Scholar
Tournadre, Nicolas & Lhakpa Norbu Sherpa & Gyurme Chodrak & Oisel, Guillaume
2009Sherpa-English and English-Sherpa dictionary with literary Tibetan and Nepali equivalents. Kathmandu: Vajra Publication.Google Scholar
Tournadre, Nicolas
2010The classical Tibetan cases and their transcategoriality: From sacred grammar to modern linguistics. Himalayan Linguistics 9(2). 86–125.Google Scholar
2014The Tibetic languages and their classification. In Hill, Nathan W. & Owen-Smith, Thomas (eds.), Trans-Himalayan linguistics, 105–130. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Ui, Hakuju (宇井伯壽) & Suzuki, Munetada (鈴木宗忠) & Kanakura, Yensho (金倉圓照) & Tada, Tokan (多田等觀)
(eds.) 1985 Degeban Xizang Dazangjing zongmulu 德格版•西藏大藏經總目錄 [A complete catalogue of the Tibetan Buddhist Sdedge (Bka’-’gyur and Bstan-’gyur)]. Taipei: Huayu press.Google Scholar
Wang, Guoxu (王國旭)
2011 Xinping Yiyu Laluhua yanjiu 新平彝語臘魯話研究 [A grammar of Lalu dialect of Yi language in Xinping]. Beijing: Minzu University of China. (Doctoral dissertation.)Google Scholar
Wang, Yao (王堯)
1982Tufan jinshi lu 吐蕃金石錄 [A collection of inscriptions on bronzes and stone tablets]. Beijing: Cultural Relics Press.Google Scholar
Wang, Yao (王堯) & Chen, Jian (陳踐)
1989 Tubo zhiguan kaoxinlu 吐蕃職官考信錄 [An annotated translation of political official system of the Tibetan empire]. Zhongguo Zangxue 中國藏學 [China Tibetology] 1. 102–117.Google Scholar
2008Dunhuang guzangwen wenxian tansuoji 敦煌古藏文文獻探索集 [A collection of Old Tibetan documents of Dunhuang]. Shanghai: Shanghai Ancient Books Publishing House.Google Scholar
Wang, Zhijing (王志敬)
2012Dūnhuáng Zàngwén yǔfǎ yánjīu 敦煌藏文語法研究 [A study on the grammar of Dunhuang Tibetan]. Beijing: China Tibetology Publishing House.Google Scholar
Xie, Guanghua (謝廣華)
1982 Zangyu dongci yufa fanchou 藏語動詞語法範疇 [The grammatical categories of the Tibetan verb]. Minzu Yuwen 民族語文 [Minority Languages of China] 4. 35–47.Google Scholar
Yamaguchi, Zuihō (山口瑞鳳)
1986Rdzogs tshig no hataraki to youhou no hensen rdzogs tshig の働きと用法の変遷 [A historical account of the functions of rdzogs tshig ]. In Yamaguchi, Zuihō (山口瑞鳳) (ed.), Chibetto no bukkyou to syakai チベットの仏教と社会 [Buddhism and society in Tibet], 697–736. Tokyo: Shunjusha Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Yamaguchi, Zuiho (山口瑞鳳)
1998Chibettogo bungo bunpō チベット語文語文法 [A grammar of written-Tibetan]. Tokyo: Shunjusha Publishing Company.Google Scholar
2002Gaisetsu Chibettogo bungo bunten 概説チベット語文語文典 [An outline of written-Tibetan grammar]. Tokyo: Shunjusha Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Yasutoshi, Yukawa (湯川恭敏)
1971 Chibettogo no jyutubu no rinkaku チベット語の述部の輪郭 [Outline of Tibetan predicates]. In Yasutoshi, Yukawa (ed.), Genngogaku no kihonmondai 言語学の基本問題 [Basic problems in linguistics], 178–204. Tokyo: Taishūkan Publishing.Google Scholar
1975 Chibettogo no jyutugo チベット語の述語 [The predicates of Tibetan], Ajia Afurika Bunnpoukennkyuu アジア・アフリカ文法硏究 [Asian & African Linguistics] 4. 1–14.Google Scholar
Yu, Min (俞敏)
1949 Hanyu de “qi” gen Zangyu de “gyi” 漢語的「其」跟藏語的gji [A comparative study of Chinese “qi其” and Tibetan “gyi”]. Yanjing Xuebao 燕京學報 [Yenching Journal of Chinese Studies] 37. 75–94.Google Scholar
Zadoks, Abel
2002The Tibetan connection: Switch evidence and direct-inverse marking from old to middle Tibetan. (Paper presented at the 8th Himalayan Languages Symposium, Berne, 19–22, September 2002.)
Zeisler, Bettina
2000Narrative conventions in Tibetan languages: The issue of mirativity. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 23(2). 39–77.Google Scholar
2012Evidentiality and inferentiality: Overlapping and contradictory functions of the so-called evidential markers in Ladakhi (West Tibetan). (Paper presented at The Nature of Evidentiality conference, Leiden, 14–16 June 2012.)
Zhai, Huifeng (翟會鋒)
2011 Sanguanzhai Yiyu cankao yufa 三官寨彝語參考語法 [A grammar of Sanguan Yi language]. Beijing: Minzu University of China. (Doctoral dissertation.)Google Scholar
Zhang, Jichuan (張濟川)
1986Cangluo Menbayu jianzhi 倉洛門巴語簡志 [Outline of Cangluo Menba language]. Beijing: The Ethnic Publishing House.Google Scholar