Article published In:
Language, Culture and Society
Vol. 5:1 (2023) ► pp.4372
Abu-Lughod, L.
(2013) Do Muslim women need saving? Anthropological reflections on cultural relativism and its others. American athropoloist, 104 (3), 783–790. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ahmad-Yar, A., & Laurentsyeva, N.
(2020) Migrant integration policies at the local level in Belgium. (Report No. PI2020–23). Retrieved from [URL]
Anderson, B.
(2006) Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verson books.Google Scholar
Atkinson, P., & Delamont, S.
(2006) Rescuing narrative from qualitative research. Narrative Inquiry, 16 (1), 164–172. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Babel, A.
(Ed.) (2016) Awareness and control in sociolinguistic research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bamberg, M., & Georgakopoulou, A.
(2008) Small stories as a new perspective in narrative and identity analysis. Text & Talk, 28 1, 377–396. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Banerjee, D., Kallivayali, R. A., & Rao, T. S.
(2020) The ‘othering’ in pandemics: Prejudice and orientalism in COVID-19. Indian Journal of Social Psychiatry, 36 (5), 102–106. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Black, S. P.
(2020) Communicability, stigma, and xeophobia during the COVID-19 outbreak. Language, Culture and Society, 2 (2), 242–251. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Briggs, C. L.
(2005) Communicability, racial discourse, and disrasr. Annual Review of Psychology, 34 1, 269–291.Google Scholar
Briggs, C. L. & Mantini-Briggs, C.
(2003) Stories in the time of cholera. Berkeley: University of California Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Blommaert, J.
(2005) Discourse: A critical introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Braun, V., & Clarke, V.
(2013) Successful qualitative research: A practical guide for beginners. London: SAGE.Google Scholar
Brons, L.
(2015) Othering, an analysis. Journal of Global Studies, 6 (1), 69–91.Google Scholar
Bryman, A.
(2016) Social research methods (5th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bucholtz, M., & Hall, K.
(2005) Identity and interaction: A sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies, 7 (4–5), 585–614. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Butler, J.
(1990) Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. New York, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Buttny, R., & Williams, P. L.
(2000) Demanding respect: The uses of reported speech in discursive constructions of interracial contact. Discourse & Society, 11 (1), 109–133. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Camus, A.
(2012) The Plague. (Kindle version). Retrieved from [URL]
Chawla, D.
(2017) Othering and otherness. In The International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication (pp. 1–10). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cheshire, J., & Ziebland, S.
(2005) Narrative as a resource in accounts of the experience of illness. In J. Thornborrow, & J. Coates, (Eds.), The sociolinguistics of narrative (pp. 17–40). Amsterdam, Philadelphia, MA: John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chini, M.
(2020, February 18). ‘Would you react?’: Experiment shows anti-Asian racism on Brussels metro. The Brussels Times. Retrieved from [URL]
Cho, D. J.
(2021, March 30). ‘Do Better’: Celebs Speak Out Against Racist Attacks Toward Asians During Coronavirus Pandemic. People. Retrieved from [URL]
Chun, C. W.
(2020) The return of ‘Yellow Peril’. Language, Culture and Society, 2 (2), 252–259. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Crang, M.
(1998) Cultural Geography. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
De Fina, A., & Georgakopoulou, A.
(2008) Analysing narratives as practices. Qualitative Research, 8 (3), 379–387. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Fina, A., Schiffrin, D., & Bamberg, M.
(2006) Discourse and identity. Cambridge: Cambridge university press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dennison, J., & Geddes, A.
(2019) A rising tide? The salience of immigration and the rise of anti-immigration political parties in Western Europe. The Political Quarterly, 90 (1), 107–116. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Devakumar, D., Shannon, G., Bhopal, S., & Abubakar, I.
(2020) Racism and discrimination in COVID-19 responses. The Lancet, 395 (10231). 1194. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dionne, K. Y., & Seay, L.
(2015) Perceptions about Ebola in America: Othering and the role of knowledge about Africa. PS: Political Science and Politics, 48 (1), 6–7.Google Scholar
(2020, March 28). 8 American perceptions of Africa during an Ebola outbreak. MIT Press on COVID-19. Retrieved from [URL]
Du, Y.
(2020) “I don’t feel like talking about it”. Language, Culture and Society, 2 (2). 260–268. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eichelberger, L.
(2007) SARS and new York’s Chinatown: The politics of risk and blame during an epidemic of fear. Social Science & Medicine, 65 (6), 1284–1295. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Edwards, R., & Holland, J.
(2013) What is qualitative interviewing?. London and New York: Bloomsbury. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Erdal, M., & Oeppen, C.
(2013) Migrant balancing acts: Understanding the interactions between integration and transnationalism. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39 (9), 867–884. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Feng, Z.
(2020, August 4). Being a Chinese student in the US: “Neither the US nor China wants us. BBC News. Retrieved from [URL]
Guterres, A.
[@antónioguterres] (2020, May 8). #COVID19 does not care who we are, where we live, or what we believe. Yet the pandemic continues to unleash a tsunami of hate and xenophobia, scapeogating and scaremongering. That’s why I’m appealing for an all-out effort to end hate speech globally. [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. [URL]
Hall, C., Sarangi, S., & Slembrouck, S.
(1999) Speech representation and the categorization of the client in social work discource. Text & Talk, 19 (4), 539–570.Google Scholar
Hall, S.
(2000) Who needs ‘identity’? In P. D. Gay, J. Evans, & P. Redman (Eds.), Identity: A reader (pp. 15–30). London: SAGE.Google Scholar
He, J., He, L., Zhou, W., Nie, X., & He, M.
(2020) Discrimination and social exclusion in the outbreak of COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (8), 2933–2936. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Holmes, J., Stubbe, M., & Vine, B.
(1999) Analysing New Zeaand English in the workplace. New Zealand English Journal, 13 1, 8–12.Google Scholar
Horst, C.
(2017) Making a difference in Mogadish? Experiences of multi-sited embeddedness among diaspora youth. Jurnal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44 (8), 1341–1356. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Housley, W., & Fitzgerald, R.
(2015) Introduction to Membership Categorisation Analysis. In R. Fitzgerald & W. Housley (Eds.), Advances in Membership Categorisation Analysis (pp. 1–21). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Human Rights Watch
(2020) Covid-19 fueling anti-Asian racism and xenophobia worldwide. Retrieved from [URL]
Iqbal, N.
(2020, February 16). ‘They yelled Coronavirus’ – East Asian attack victim speaks of fear. The Guardian. Retrieve from [URL]
Jayyusi, L.
(1984) Categorization and the moral order. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Jenkins, R.
(1996) Social identity. London: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jensen, S. Q.
(2011) Othering, identity formation and agency. Qualitative Studies, 2 (2), 63–78. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2022) Gent in cijfers. Retrieved from [URL]
Kam, C. D.
(2019) Infectious disease, disgust, and imagining the other. The Journal of Politics, 81 (4), 1371–1387. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Klenke, K.
(2008) Qualitative research in the study of leadership. Bingley: Emerald.Google Scholar
Labov, W., & Waletzkey, L.
(1966) Narrative analysis: Oral versions of professional experience. In J. Helm (Ed.), Essays on the verbal and visual arts (pp. 12–44). Seattle, WA: University of Washigton Press.Google Scholar
Lawrie, A.
(1999) The new fontana dictionary of modern thought (3rd ed.). London: HarperCollins Publishers.Google Scholar
Leudar, I., Marsland, V., & Nekvapil, J.
(2004) On Membership Categorization: ‘Us’, ‘Them’ and ‘Doing Violence’ in Political Discourse. Discourse & Society, 15 (2–3), 243–266. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Liddicoat, A. J.
(2022) An introduction to conversation analysis (3rd ed.). London: Bloomsbury. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Luqiu, L. R.
(2017) The cost of humour: Political satire on social media and censorship in China. Global Media and Communication, 13 (2), 123–138. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McKie, A.
(2020, May 7). Chinese students in the UK ‘report increased racism and discrimination’. Times Higher Education. Retrieved from [URL]
Mead, W. R.
(2020, February 3). China is the real sick man of Asia. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from [URL]
Medo, M.
(2020, December 11). Contact network models mathcing the dynamics of the COVID-19 spreading. Physics and Society. Retrived from [URL]
Monson, S.
(2017) Ebola as African: American media discourse of panic and otherrization. Africa Today, 63 (3), 3–27. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Muis, J., & Immerzeel, T.
(2017) Causes and consequences of the rise of populist radical right parties and movements in Europe. Current Sociology Review, 65 (6), 909–930. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mulenga, N.
(2021, March 21). Lana Condor, Eric Nam, and more celebs speak out about anti-Asian hate. teenVogue. Retrieved from [URL]
Murdocca, C.
(2003) When Ebola came to Canada: Race and the making of the respectable body. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender, Culture & Social Justic, 27 (2), 24–31.Google Scholar
Nelkin, D., & Gilman, S. L.
(1988) Placing blame for devastating disease. Social Research, 55 (3), 361–378.Google Scholar
Norrick, N. R.
(2000) Conversational narrative: Storytelling in everyday talk. Amsterdam and Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
O’Connor, P. E.
(1994) ‘You could feel it through the skin’: Agency and positioning in prisoners’ stabbing stories. Text-Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse, 14 (1), 45–76. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Onoma, A. K.
(2020) Epidemics, xenophobia and narratives of propitiousness. Medical Anthropology, 39 (5), 382–397. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Orvell, A., Kross, E., & Gelma, S. A.
(2017) How “you” makes meaning. Science, 355 (6331), 1299–1302. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Petros, G., Airhihenbuwa, C. O., Simbayi, L., Ramlagan, S., & Brown, B.
(2006) HIV/AIDS and ‘othering’ in South Africa: The blame goes on. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 8 (1), 67–77. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Reny, T. T., & Barreto, M. A.
(2020) Xenophobia in the time of pandemic: Othering, anti-Asian attitudes, and COVID-19. Politics, Groups, and Identities, 1–24.Google Scholar
Riessman, C. K.
(1993) Narrative analysis. Newbury Park, CA: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
Rooduijn, M.
(2015) The rise of populist radical right in Western Europe. European View, 14 (1), 3–11. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Roulston, K.
(2010) Reflective interviewing: A guide to theory and practice. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ryan, L., & Mulholland, J.
(2015) Embedding in motion: Analysing relational, spatial and temporal dynamics among high skilled migrants. In L. Ryan, U. Erel, & A. D’ Angelo (Eds.), Migrant capital: Networks, identities and strategies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sacks, H.
(1972a) An Initial Investigation of the Usability of Conversational Data for Doing Sociology. In D. Sudnow (Ed.), Studies in Social Interaction (pp. 31–74). New York, NY: The Free Press.Google Scholar
(1972b) On the analyzability of stories by children. In J. Gumperz & D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication (pp. 325–345). New York, NY: Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
Schiffrin, D.
(2003) We knew that’s it: Retelling the turning point of a narrative. Discourse Studies, 5 (4), 535–561. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schoofs, K., & Van De Mieroop, D.
(2018) Social categories, standardized relational pairs and identity work in World War II-Narratives. Lodz papers in pragmatics, 14 (3), 227–248. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schoofs, K., Van De Mieroop, D., Schnurr, S., Huang, H., & Stavridou, A.
(2022) ‘Masks aren’t comfortable or sexy, but …’: Exploring idenitty work on Dr Mike’s Instagram during the first phase of the Covid-19 pandemic. In A. Musolff, R. Breeze, K. Kondo, & S. Vilar-Lluch (Eds.), Pandemic and crisis discouse: Communicating COVID-19 and public health strategy (pp. 431–451). London: Bloomsbury. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Spivak, G. C.
(1985) The Rani of Sirmur: An essay in reading the archives. History and Theory, 24 (3), 247–272. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Talmy, S., & Richards, K.
(2011) Theorizing Qualitative Research Interviews in Applied Linguistics. Applied Linguistics, 32 (1), 1–5. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tanyas, B.
(2016) Experiences of otherness and practices of othering: Toung Turkish migrants in the UK. Young, 24 (4), 157–173. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van De Mieroop, D.
Van De Mieroop, D., & Clifton, J.
Vandenhove, E., Casteleyn, L., & Desmet, E.
(2021) City report Ghent: Comprehensive policies and extraordinary collaborations. Moving Cities.Google Scholar
Van Dijk, T.
(2005) Racism and discourse in Spain and Latin America. Amsterdam and Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2009) Critical discourse studies: A sociocognitive approach. Methods of critical discourse analysis, 2 (1), 62–86.Google Scholar
Wang, S., Chen, X., Li, Y., Luu, C., Yan, R., & Madrisotti, F.
(2021) ‘I’m more afraid of racism than of the virus!’: Racism awareness and resistance among Chinese migrants and their descendants in France during the Covid-19 pandemic. European Societer, 23 (1), 721–742. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Weale, S.
(2020, March 17). Chinese students flee UK after ‘maskaphobia’ triggered racist attacks. The Guardian. Retrieved from [URL]
Whitehead, D.
(2020, February 12). ‘You deserve the coronavirus’: Chinese people in the UK abused over outbreak. Sky News. Retrieved from [URL]
Widdicombre, S.
(1998) Identity as an analysts’ and a participants’ resource. In C. Antaki, & S. Widdicombre (Eds.), Identities in talk (pp. 191–206). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.Google Scholar
Yang, C. C., Tsai, J., & Pan, S.
(2020) Discrimination and well-being among Asian/Asian Americans during COVID-19: The role of social media. Cyberpsychology, Behaviour, and Social Networking, 23 (12), 865–871. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yu, J.
(2021) Caught in the middle? Chinese international students’ self-formation amid politics and pandemic. International Journal of Chinese Education, 10 (3), 1–15. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Xu, B.
(2014) Media censorship in China. Council on Foreign Relations, 25 1, 243–249.Google Scholar
Zhu, H.
(2020) Countering COVID-19-related anti-Chinese racism with translanguaged swearning on social media. Multilingua, 39 (5), 607–616. DOI logoGoogle Scholar