Article published in:A cross-theoretical and cross-linguistic perspective on the L2 acquisition of case systems / L'acquisition de systèmes casuels en L2 : des études à travers plusieurs théories et langues
Edited by Kristof Baten and Saartje Verbeke
[Language, Interaction and Acquisition 11:1] 2020
► pp. 99–129
L2 Spanish clitic pronouns
A dynamic system
Spanish clitic pronouns present multiple morphosyntactic and semantic challenges to second language learners. One particular issue is that of case marking, which can be further complicated by variable native input. As a result, a number of factors have been proposed to explain L2 clitics, such as acquisition sequences, classroom input, dialect-specific input, and animacy cues (e.g. Andersen, 1984; Geeslin, García-Amaya, Hasler-Barker, Henriksen, & Killam, 2010; Malovrh, 2008; Malovrh & Lee, 2013; VanPatten, 1990; Zyzik, 2004). This paper uses the Dynamic Systems Theory to describe and explain L2 Spanish clitic development. The multiple social and linguistic variables that interact in clitic production suggest that clitics constitute a dynamic system. The data presented here come from a cross-sectional analysis of four groups of university-level L1 English learners of L2 Spanish, as well as a group of native Spanish speakers, who produced semi-spontaneous narration as well as post-production stimulated recall and interview. The results show a progression that is not always linear in terms of certain levels, learners, and measures. The quantitative and qualitative results reveal various interrelated social, linguistic, and cognitive factors which all play a role in the dynamic system of clitic case development.
Keywords: L2 Spanish, clitic pronouns, Dynamic Systems Theory, developmental variables
Keywords: L2 Espagnol, pronoms clitiques, Théorie des systèmes dynamiques, variables développementales
Published online: 04 June 2020
Andersen, R. W.
Cuervo, M. C.
de Bot, K., Lowie, W., Thorne, S. L., & Verspoor, M.
de Bot, K., Lowie, W., & Verspoor, M.
Escobar-Álvarez, M. A.
Escobar, L., & Teomiro, I.
Escutia López, M.
Fernández-Ordóñez, I.[ p. 127 ]
Gass, S. M., & Mackey, A.
Geeslin, K. L., García-Amaya, L. J., Hasler-Barker, M., Henriksen, N. C., & Killam, J.
Gutiérrez, M. J., & Silva-Corvalán, C.
Hernández, J. E.
Klee, C. A.
Klee, C. A., & Caravedo, R.
Koike, D. A., & Klee, C. A.
Lee, J. F.
Malovrh, P. A.
[ p. 128 ]
Malovrh, P. A., & Lee, J. F.
Montrul, S., Dias, R., & Santos, H.
Mrak, N. A.
Peace, M. M.
Polat, B., & Kim, Y.
Schwenter, S. A.
Tarone, E., & Liu, G-Q.
Verspoor, M., Lowie, W., & van Dijk, M.
Verspoor, M., Schmid, M. S., & Xu, X.
VanPatten, B.[ p. 129 ]
VanPatten, B., & Sanz, C.
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