Article published in:A cross-theoretical and cross-linguistic perspective on the L2 acquisition of case systems / L'acquisition de systèmes casuels en L2 : des études à travers plusieurs théories et langues
Edited by Kristof Baten and Saartje Verbeke
[Language, Interaction and Acquisition 11:1] 2020
► pp. 130–162
The acquisition of German declension in additive and concept-based approaches to instruction via computer-based cognitive tutors
This study examines the different learning outcomes of two computer-based cognitive tutors using two approaches to instructing German declension: an additive, bottom-up approach, which focuses on a stepwise introduction of each case, and a concept-based, top-down approach, which focuses on developing students’ conceptual understanding of the functions related to each case form and the case marking system as a whole. The results indicate that both groups learned, but what and how they learned differed depending on the method of instruction. The additive group showed general gains in production and a slight increase in their ability to correctly interpret object-first sentences. The concept-based group showed larger gains, but in fewer areas. Specifically, the production of adjective endings increased, although there were no differences in determiner production or accuracy. The concept-based group also had a larger gain in their ability to interpret non-SVO word order sentences. This study shows how concept-based approaches to grammar can outperform additive ones, and that the development of these concepts can prepare students for future learning.
Keywords: German, case marking, declension, morphology, concept-based instruction, cognitive tutors, instruction, SLA
Keywords: allemand, marquage de cas, déclinaison, morphologie, enseignement basé sur une approche conceptuelle, tuteurs cognitifs, enseignement, acquisition des langues étrangères
Published online: 04 June 2020
Arnett, C., & Jernigan, H.
Arnett, C., & Lysinger, D.
Baten, K., & Lochtman, K.
Clahsen, H. & Muysken, P.
Davydov, V. V.
De Rycker, A., & De Knop, S.
Ellis, N. C.
Epstein, S., Flynn, S., & Martohardjono, G.
Fillmore, C. J.
Goad, H., & White, L.
Goldberg, A. E.
Jackson, C. N.
Kempe, V. & MacWhinney, B.
[ p. 158 ]
Köpcke, K. & Zubin, D.
Liamkina, O. & Ryshina-Pankova, M.
Long, M. H.
MacWhinney, B. J., Leinbach, J., Taraban, R., & McDonald, J. L.
Meisel, J. M., Clahsen, H., & Pienemann, M.
Negueruela, E., & Lantolf, J.
Plonsky, L. & Oswald, F.
Ritterbusch, R., LaFond, L., & Agustin, M.
Robinson, P.[ p. 159 ]
Salimi, A., & Dadashpour, S.
Schwartz, B. D., & Sprouse, R.
van Compernolle, R. A., Gomez-Laich, M. P., & Weber, A.
VanPatten, B. & Borst, S.
VanPatten, B., Collopy, E., Price, J. E., Borst, S., & Qualin, A.
Walter, D. R., & van Compernolle, R. A.
Zubin, D. & Köpcke, K.[ p. 160 ]