This article presents a corpus-based contrastive study of word clusters and reformulation markers in Chinese and English, and discusses the implications of the findings for translation universal hypotheses. The study is based on three balanced comparable corpora which represent British English, native Chinese and translational Chinese in addition to an English-Chinese parallel corpus which provides a basis for comparing native and translated English and investigating explicitation in translation. Our results show that word clusters are substantially more common in translated Chinese, suggesting a tendency in translations to use fixed and semi-fixed recurring patterns in an attempt to achieve improved fluency. The more frequent use of word clusters, especially those of high frequency and high coverage in translational Chinese, is also likely to be a result of the influence of the English source language because word clusters are significantly more prevalent in native English in relation to native Chinese. Chinese and English tend to use reformulation markers of different styles while on the other hand, reformulation markers are generally more common in both translated English and translated Chinese than in their native counterparts, suggesting that reformulation markers function as a strategy for explicitation in translations, which tend to use oral, stylistically simpler forms than non-translated texts.
2015. Source Language Interference in English-to-Chinese Translation. In Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2015 [Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics, 3], ► pp. 139 ff.
Xiao, Richard & Xianyao Hu
2015. Conclusive Remarks. In Corpus-Based Studies of Translational Chinese in English-Chinese Translation [New Frontiers in Translation Studies, ], ► pp. 169 ff.
2013. Corpus Methods for Descriptive Translation Studies. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 95 ► pp. 20 ff.
Zhang, Xiaomin, Haidee Kotze & Jing Fang
2022. Hyper-conventional, unconventional, or “just right”? The interplay of normalisation and cross-linguistic influence in the use of modal particles in translated Chinese children’s literature. Meta: Journal des traducteurs 67:2 ► pp. 384 ff.
Zhang, Xiaomin, Haidee Kotze (Kruger) & Jing Fang
2020. Explicitation in children’s literature translated from English to Chinese: a corpus-based study of personal pronouns. Perspectives 28:5 ► pp. 717 ff.
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