The copular subschema[become/devenir + past participle]in English and French
Productivity and degrees of passivity
This article presents a contrastive analysis of the English copular subschema [become + past participle] and the equivalent copular subschema [devenir + past participle] in French, based on web data. It is shown that both patterns are almost equally productive at the subject complement level. Furthermore, a more in-depth analysis demonstrates that, in the segment of participles with a high adjectival potential, devenir accumulates more participle tokens than become. Conversely, the reverse holds true for participles with a high verbal potential, in which case become is characterized by more participle tokens than devenir. This high amount of combinations between become and eventive participles also suggests a higher degree of passivity for become. However, in the segment of participles with an intermediate verbal potential, devenir is slightly more type frequent than become, which hints at an emerging productivity in this area for devenir as well.
Keywords: become , copular construction, passive construction, productivity, English/French
Published online: 19 August 2020
Baayen, R. H. and Lieber, R.
Baayen, R. H.
Baroni, M. and Evert, S.
2014 The ZipfR Package for Lexical Statistics: A Tutorial Introduction. Available at http://zipfr.r-forge.r-project.org/materials/zipfrtutorial.pdf [last accessed 1 June 2019].
Craig, C. G.
De Sutter, G.
Dik, S. C.
Gaeta, L. and Ricca, D.
Goldberg, A. E.
Hopper, P. J. and Thompson, S. A.
Kilgarriff, A., Baisa, V., Bušta, J., Jakubíček, M., Kovář, V., Michelfeit, J., Rychlý, P. and Suchomel, V.
Sansò, A. and Ramat, A. G.